In 2018, with the capital withdrawal, deposit refund difficulties, 21-year-old stewardess drip-drip murder and other incidents, the shared economy recession. Reporters learned that Liu Shangxi, member of the CPPCC National Committee and President of the Chinese Academy of Financial Sciences, put forward in the proposal that to promote the healthy development of the shared economy and deepen the reform of release and control, the government should change from referee to leader and promote the Co-governance of government and enterprises.
Specifically, Liu Shangxi gives three suggestions in his proposal:
1. Deepening the reform of releasing control clothing, promoting the Co-governance of government and enterprises, and emphasizing macro-management.
To promote the development of shared economy, the government should shift from referee to leader and lead the government and enterprises to cooperate and govern together. Governments and enterprises should fully communicate, make forward-looking rules and avoid new and old rules. The government should accurately grasp its business attributes and operational characteristics, and control its public risks from a holistic perspective.
Enterprises sharing economic platforms should take the initiative to assume responsibility, especially security responsibility. For process supervision, the government should give full play to the technological advantages of platform enterprises and prevent risks through large data platform and intelligent monitoring. Government regulation should focus on results rather than processes.
Diversified labor and labor relations in the form of shared economy may include formal and informal employment, increase residentsincome and promote economic growth.
2. Improving relevant laws and regulations and supervising them fairly and fairly according to law.
The laws and regulations related to the development of shared economy are not perfect, and some even contradict each other. At present, they are mainly managed by red-headed documents of relevant departments. It is suggested that the relevant legislation, amendment and interpretation work be promoted at the national level, and that the inappropriate administrative rules and regulations be amended in time to promote development through supervision.
For example, in some places, the current rules for the management of online car appointments are in conflict with the upper law. Some cities restrict the household registration of practitioners, which violates the relevant provisions of the Administrative Licensing Law that individuals or enterprises in other regions shall not be restricted to engage in production, operation and service in this region. Some over-detailed and over-micro regulations restrict market competition and are suspected of violating Article 8 of the Anti-monopoly Law: Administrative organs and organizations authorized by laws and regulations with functions of managing public affairs shall not abuse administrative power to exclude or restrict competition.
It is suggested that the relevant departments review the relevant local administrative rules as soon as possible, and clean up the administrative rules suspected of abusing administrative power and violating fair competition, so that the government can really play a better role.
3. Utilize the public attributes of platform enterprises to optimize employment status.
Shared economic platform accommodates a large number of practitioners, and its employment forms are flexible and diverse, which plays a positive role in stabilizing employment. The number of employees in the shared economy is about 10 times the number of employees in the platform enterprises, up to now, it has reached about 70 million people. It is expected that by 2025, the number of employees in the shared economy will exceed 100 million, including about 20 million full-time participants. Platform enterprises have certain attributes of public employment, and the services they provide have attributes of public service. For the public attributes of such platform enterprises, the government should make good use of them to supplement the deficiencies of public services.
From the industrial society to the information society, the so-called formal employment standards applicable to the industrial society are not completely compatible with the present society, and the traditional employment pattern is changing rapidly. The various employment support policies of the government should be extended to enterprises with shared economic platforms, covering flexible employment and new forms of employment in an all-round way, expanding the potential of employment absorption in the shared economy, and promoting the realization of the goal of stable employment.