He suggested that in order to change the situation that China had not won the first place in the international mathematics competition for the past four consecutive years, we should recognize the true level of Chinas mathematics development, abandon the misconception of leading mathematics level, and create a high sense of crisis and urgency.
At the same time, we should guide and standardize all kinds of mathematical competitions, give full play to their role of discovering intellectually gifted teenagers and children in advance, weaken the utilitarian color and avoid the National Olympics.
Zhang Yunyong introduced that as the basis of basic theory research, mathematics is the key to determine the level of basic theory research. Because of the neglect of the training of top mathematicians for a long time, Chinas mathematic science level is relatively backward. It is urgent to strengthen mathematic education, speed up the training of top mathematicians, consolidate the foundation of basic theoretical research, and promote the level of scientific and technological innovation to a new level.
No industry in human society can be 100% divorced from mathematics at present. It was mentioned in the speech.
Zhang Yunyong pointed out that China has always attached importance to basic mathematics education and made remarkable achievements in mathematics education for all. However, mathematics education focuses on the training of basic mathematics for all, fails to achieve grading and division, fails to teach students in accordance with their aptitude, and fails to strengthen the selection and training of top mathematics talents.
Some developed countries give the students who do not love mathematics the most basic mathematics education and the students who love mathematics the highest level of mathematics education in elementary education. In the higher education stage, the advantages are more obvious, making their achievements in mathematics science reach the global leading level. In addition, they also attach importance to the application of mathematics in other disciplines, such as the use of a large number of mathematics in mechanics courses at the beginning. Matrix theory and linear space knowledge require students to think in abstract mathematics and abandon the intuitive and simple thinking inertia formed by secondary education.
In fact, our countrys mathematics popularization is good, but the top talents are few, the engineering application achievements are many, but the key core basic achievements are few, the industrial manufacturing industry is large, but the innovation strength is weak. It is precisely because of the backwardness of mathematics that Chinas scientific and technological innovation is still lagging behind, and the key core technology is still subject to human beings. At present, the lack of mathematics elite education is a major concern of our countrys mathematics education. Zhang Yunyong summed up the current situation.
He believed that strengthening mathematics education, especially the selection and training of top mathematicians, could draw lessons from international advanced experience and strengthen the selection and training of top mathematicians through authoritative, fair and standardized mathematic competition. At the same time, we should strengthen the management of mathematical competitions, classify them in different levels, break down the utilitarian habit of guaranteeing entrance to the National Olympic Games, and prevent all kinds of mathematical competitions from overflowing and uneven in good and bad. We should not kill at once or throw away at once. We should strengthen the organization, guidance and management, give full play to the role of mathematical contest activities in fostering studentsinterest in learning science, helping them to exercise their logical thinking ability and forge their creative spirit, and discovering children with supernormal intelligence in advance.
Zhang Yunyong put forward three specific suggestions:
Firstly, the importance of mathematics education should be strengthened. First, we should fully recognize the importance of mathematics. Second, we should fully recognize the real situation of global mathematics development, recognize the real level of Chinas mathematics development, abandon the misconception of leading mathematics level, create a high sense of crisis and urgency, and establish the determination to speed up the gap between China and the advanced international level.
Secondly, we should guide and standardize all kinds of Mathematical Contest activities. One is to weaken the utilitarian color of mathematics contest, ensure the decoupling of competition results from entrance to higher education, avoid the National Olympic Games, and fundamentally solve the problems of disorder of normal education order caused by profit-seeking mathematics contest training, the increase of studentsextra-curricular burden, excessive family economic pressure and strong social response. The second is to classify the competitions in different levels, which includes popular competitions to cultivate studentsinterests, develop students intelligence and broaden studentshorizons, and professional selection competitions to discover the seedlings of top mathematicians. Thirdly, we should retain some of the competitions held for a long time, with great influence, high level, more talents, stable quality and less controversy, such as the National Junior High School Mathematics League, the National Senior High School Mathematics League, the Hualuogeng Golden Cup Junior Mathematics Invitational Competition, and strive to cultivate the top mathematical talents, strive to achieve good results in the International math competition, and change the past four consecutive years. The situation of not winning the first place in the international mathematics competition greatly enhances the influence of mathematics education in our country and promotes the studentsyearning for becoming the top mathematics talents.