At 9 a.m. on March 5, the second session of the 13th National Peoples Congress opened. Premier Li Ke of the State Council forced a report on the work of the government.
The report points out that this year, the average broadband fee of small and medium-sized enterprises will be reduced by 15%, and the average mobile network traffic fee will be reduced by more than 20%. We will carry out number-carrying network transfer nationwide, standardize the set-up of meals, and make the cost reduction real and clear to consumers.
According to the report, we should accelerate the development of new industries, deepen research and development and application of big data and artificial intelligence, and foster new generation of information technology, high-end equipment, biomedicine, new energy vehicles and other emerging industrial clusters. We should adhere to inclusive and prudent supervision, support the development of new formats and new models, and promote the healthy growth of platform economy and shared economy. We should speed up the promotion of Internet + in all walks of life. We will carry out demonstrations of urban Gigabit broadband access, upgrade and upgrade distance education and telemedicine networks, promote the expansion and upgrading of mobile network base stations, and make users feel that the network speed is faster and more stable.
At the National Two Sessions, network traffic charges have always been one of the hot topics of concern. Since Li Keqiang put forward the request of speed-up and fee-reduction to relevant departments in 2015, network speed-up and fee-reduction has been written into the government work report for three consecutive years.
For three consecutive years, it has raised the rate of increase and lowered the fee. The unit price of flow rate has been reduced by 63% last year.
In 2017, Premier Li Keqiang pointed out in his government work report that this year, the network speed-up and fee-reduction should take a greater step. In this year, all domestic long-distance and roaming charges for mobile phones will be abolished, Internet access charges for small and medium-sized enterprises will be greatly reduced, and international long-distance telephone charges will be reduced.
In that year, the three major operators were scheduled to cancel the mobile phone roaming fee and long-distance fee measures on October 1, which had been implemented ahead of schedule in September. Users do not need to apply for replacement, the new package will take effect automatically. At that time, some analysts said that the three major operators could make a profit of more than 1 billion because of the cancellation of long-distance and roaming fees one month in advance.
In addition, since May 2017, the fees for special lines for SMEs have been reduced by 15%-20%, and the lowest rate for long-distance fares in hot and key directions in the world has been up to 93%.
According to the Peoples Daily in July 2017, according to the Broadband Development Alliances China Broadband Rate Report, the average download rate of Chinas fixed broadband network is more than four times that of five years ago, ranking among the top level in the world. Mobile broadband has spanned from 3G to 4G and upgraded to 4G+, with the highest downlink rate of 300Mbps. In May 2017, the average monthly mobile Internet traffic of Chinese users was 1.5GB, twice as much as in 2016 and more than 7 times as much as in 2014.
By 2018, Premier Li Keqiang put forward in his government work report that we should increase the speed and cost of the network, achieve full coverage of high-speed broadband in urban and rural areas, expand free access to public places, significantly reduce family broadband, enterprise broadband and special line usage fees, cancel roaming fees for traffic, and reduce mobile network traffic fees by at least 30% in a year, so as to benefit the masses and enterprises. Refueling for Chinas construction.
From July 1, 2018, the three major operators cancelled mobile roaming fees.
After the Second Session of the Thirteenth National Peoples Congress, Miao Wei, Minister of Industry and Information Technology, revealed on the ministerial channel that, firstly, pilot demonstration of Gigabit Fiber Home Entry should be carried out; secondly, communication costs of mobile traffic should be further reduced, with unit prices falling by more than 20% this year on the basis of 63% reduction last year; thirdly, the fees of special lines for small and medium-sized enterprises should be reduced by 1%. More than 5%. Fourth, by the end of the year, all mobile phone users will be able to transfer their numbers freely to the Internet.
Speed-up and fee-reduction indicators have declined this year. Experts: Higher requirements for service quality of operators
The difference between speed-up and speed-down fees this year is that both household wired broadband and communication traffic fees have fallen considerably in the past few years under intense competition, so this years indicators have fallen relative to the past.
However, Fu Liang, a telecom analyst, said that this years speed-up and fee-reduction put forward higher requirements for service quality and simplification of packages for operators, and how to really reduce the cost of broadband companies will become the focus.
In recent years, traffic revenue surpasses traditional business such as voice and short message, and becomes the main source of income for operators. Many people are worried that the increase of speed and the reduction of fees will have a greater impact on the performance of operators. Fu Liang believes that increasing speed and reducing fees will have a certain impact on the performance of operators. As one of the important business of operators, the decline of fees will certainly bring operators a lot of challenges.
However, Speed-up and fee-reduction for operators means that they can not rely solely on basic telecommunications services to support the continuous growth of profits, and need to find new growth points. Fu Liang told reporters that in the long run, it is difficult for operators to make money in basic telecommunications services such as telephone, short message, Internet and so on. Under pressure, operators need to think about how to improve the per capita traffic usage, and actively explore and discover new sources of income.
Wang Jinyu, editor of New Beijing News, Yang Li, proofread He Yan