Zhang Yunyong, member of the CPPCC National Committee. All-Media Journalists of Southern Newspapers and Journalists of Southern Metropolitan Daily
This year is the first year of 5G, 5G mobile phones will be on the market in the second half of this year, and 5G applications will enter all aspects of life on a large scale next year. Yesterday, Zhang Yunyong, member of the CPPCC National Committee and President of China Unicom Research Institute, said on the memberscorridor. Zhang Yunyong told Nandu reporters in an interview that three proposals he brought this year are all related to 5G, including proposals to promote the co-construction and sharing of 5G networks and the rapid popularization of terminals, to promote the ecological development of 5G applications, and to speed up the pace of 5G commerce. In Zhang Yunyongs view, the combination of 5G and industrial Internet deserves the most attention. As a new generation of information and communication technology, 5G is an important engine of digital economic development, a powerful driving force to promote social digital transformation, and a key factor to promote high-quality economic development.
Avoiding duplicate construction of network infrastructure
Zhang Yunyong pointed out in his written proposal on Promoting the co-construction and sharing of 5G networks and the rapid popularization of terminals, that in the deployment of 5G networks, due to the high frequency of use, the density of 5G sites is expected to be at least 1.5 times of 4G, the total number of outdoor base stations is over 6 million, and the network investment is about 4 times of 4G and will exceed 2 trillion yuan. 5G not only meets the needs of personal mobile communication, but also meets the needs of real-time, reliability and security industry applications such as industrial Internet and vehicle network. Therefore, 5G network requires higher quality of service and higher investment.
It is understood that at present, the 5G terminal products of major mobile phone manufacturers have come out one after another, and 5G network has begun to pilot commercial use. Twenty-five provinces and municipalities in China are experimenting with the network. This years Spring Festival Gala and this years two sessions of CCTV have adopted 5G for transmission, Zhang Yunyong said.
To promote the rapid popularization of 5G networks and terminals, Zhang Yunyong put forward two suggestions. Firstly, we should consider increasing network co-construction and sharing, avoiding duplication of network infrastructure construction as far as possible, saving the overall investment of network, alleviating the huge financial pressure that 5G network construction will face, and speeding up the commercial pace of 5G. Second, we should consider promoting operators to formulate a unified 5G mobile phone standard, guiding terminal manufacturers to develop 5G mobile phone products according to the unified mobile phone standard, concentrating R&D resources, speeding up R&D progress and saving R&D investment. In the process of market popularization and promotion, it not only provides convenience for consumers to access the whole network of mobile phones, but also produces scale effect to reduce production costs and increase mobile phones. Sales Profit. For 5G module production enterprises, we can consider sharing part of the cost of production enterprises by means of capital subsidy.
5G and Industrial Internet complement each other
For 5G applications, Zhang Yunyong believes that it can be divided into two stages: The first stage of 5G deployment will be based on enhanced mobile broadband, typical business is 4K/8K ultra-high definition video, augmented reality and virtual reality AR/VR services; the second stage of 5G will support low latency, high reliability, Dalian connection, with strong industry attributes, and will be deeply integrated with vertical industries such as industrial Internet and vehicle networking.
For the application of 5G at the industrial level, Zhang Yunyong said that he preferred the combination of 5G and industrial internet. Firstly, 5G and industrial Internet complement each other, both of which are written in the government work report; secondly, Chinas industrial categories are particularly complete, and some typical vertical industries are transforming to intelligent equipment, so I think the combination of the two is the combination ofstrong and strong. It has practical significance.
To promote the deep integration of 5G and other industries, Zhang Yunyong suggested that policy should guide the cross-border integration of telecommunications industry with advanced manufacturing, intelligent medicine, automatic driving and so on; technical standards should be formulated for different industries to overcome the technical barriers of cross-border integration. For areas involving multisectoral supervision, it is suggested to strengthen collaboration between departments. For example, for automatic driving, it is suggested that government departments strengthen cooperation to promote joint construction and collaborative tackling of key problems among transportation infrastructure manufacturers, automobile manufacturers, AI application service providers and communication enterprises.
In addition, Zhang Yunyong believes that the main problem facing 5G network construction is capital. Compared with 4G network, 5G wireless base station equipment has a high unit price and a high 5G frequency, which makes it more dense and difficult to add new sites. 5G bandwidth has a great demand for transmission network, so the investment cost of 5G network will increase dramatically. According to relevant research reports, the cumulative investment will reach 2.3 trillion yuan, and the investment scale is about four times that of 4G. In addition, under the same base station scale, 5G network operation costs will be several times higher than 4G, and electricity expenditure will increase by more than two times.
Nandu: From 5G trial commercial to formal commercial, what preparations are being made?
Zhang Yunyong: There are only three aspects of preparation. After issuing the licence formally at the beginning, it may be necessary to do a good job of network coverage. Population coverage and area coverage should have certain indicators. The second is the further maturity of terminals, which can be listed sporadically in the second half of the year, and can be listed on a large scale in another year, so that the price can be reduced to the same level as the current 4G. Even if 4G has 1000 yuan to 5000 yuan in the middle, low and high-end, 5G will be similar. The third preparatory work is to synchronize the incubation of industrial chains, not just have a network, no business.
Nandu: When can 5G number and 5G network be used on a large scale?
Zhang Yunyong: The number of 5G may be the same as the current number. This need not be too concerned. The 5G network is expected to be operational in another year. In fact, 2019 is the first year of 5G commerce, but the scale will be smaller, large-scale will wait for another year.
Nandu: How will the traffic fee change in the 5G era compared with that in the 4G era?
Zhang Yunyong: I can only say that it is not higher than 4G. If its the unit price ratio of traffic, its definitely lower than before 4G. But because the package has not been decided, foreign countries have not been completely settled.
Collection and Writing: Lu Jieping, an intern of Confucius Xueshao in Manning, an all-media journalist of Southern Newspapers and journalist of Southern Metropolitan Daily
Source: responsible editor of Southern Metropolitan Daily: Wang Fengzhi_NT2541