Wang Xiaochuans proposal of the two sessions: using fiscal and taxation means to stimulate private enterprisesscientific and Technological Development

 Wang Xiaochuans proposal of the two sessions: using fiscal and taxation means to stimulate private enterprisesscientific and Technological Development

Wen / Lv Qian

During the two sessions in 2019, Wang Xiaochuan, member of the CPPCC National Committee and CEO of Sogou, submitted three proposals, including Opening Public Data, Benefiting Peoples Livelihood with Artificial Intelligence, Supplementing Primary Health Service Resources with Digital Family Doctors, and Optimizing Scientific and Technological Assessment with Financial and Tax Means.

Increasing the Openness of Public Data

In his proposal, Wang Xiaochuan suggested, on the one hand, to increase the breadth and quality of public data openness and improve the efficiency of social access to public data. On the premise of guaranteeing national security and citizensprivacy, we should give priority to promoting the deep opening of data in urgent areas of peoples livelihood, such as medical care, education, pension, law and so on. We should make clear provisions on the comprehensiveness, timeliness and standardization of data opening in these areas.

Secondly, pilot demonstration of artificial intelligence application in peoples livelihood should be carried out to expand the application field of public services. We will encourage underdeveloped areas of public services to explore data openness and cooperation with the industry, open high-quality public data resources in an orderly manner, and release public data dividends in line with actual needs.

Thirdly, improve the supporting management system of AI application to ensure the healthy and rapid development of the industry. Based on the management concept of development first, safety bottom line, relevant laws and regulations, ethical norms and policy system should be improved. We will speed up the promulgation of laws on personal information protection and data security, and open public data on the premise of ensuring that data collection, use and distribution are regulated and protected by national legislation.

Encouraging Private Enterprises to Transform Scientific and Technological Achievements

The CPC Central Committee and the State Council attach great importance to scientific and technological innovation and development, and vigorously promote the reform of scientific and technological evaluation system. However, there are still some problems, such as lack of tax requirements for transformation of achievements, lack of tax preferences for guiding enterprises to participate in transformation of achievements of scientific and technological projects, and lack of tax preferences for scientific and technological personnel in private enterprises.

In view of this, Wang Xiaochuan said in his proposal that for the private enterprises of science and technology type, it is suggested to transform the pre-fund subsidy of Applied Science and technology projects into tax reduction based on the transformation of achievements after the event, which is consistent with the goal of promoting the transformation of scientific and technological achievements through the reform of the national science and technology evaluation system, and can screen out the scientific and technological enterprises with real transformation ability and fully stimulate the private enterprises. Participation in the transformation enthusiasm of national scientific and technological projects will effectively improve the quality and efficiency of transformation. Third, in the long run, the transformation efficiency of scientific and technological achievements will be improved, and the national tax revenue is expected to rise instead of falling.

Secondly, Wang Xiaochuan suggested that scientific and technological personnel of private enterprises should enjoy the preferential tax policy of transforming scientific and technological achievements equally. On the one hand, this policy fully stimulates the enthusiasm of scientific and technological personnel of private enterprises to participate in national scientific and technological projects; on the other hand, it emphasizes that scientific and technological personnel of private enterprises should carry out scientific and technological activities with the aim of transforming scientific and technological achievements into objectives; and on the other hand, it is conduc

Accelerate the release of the potential of digital family doctors

According to Wang Xiaochuans proposal, the construction of healthy China will inevitably face two major realistic factors: population aging and the increase of total health expenditure. In this context, strengthening prevention and health care, reducing the occurrence of diseases, preventing chronic diseases and preventing diseases are more significant for improving the health level of the whole people and controlling the excessive growth of medical expenses.

Artificial intelligence, knowledge atlas, intelligent hardware, big data and other new technologies beyond traditional medical informationization are gradually applied to assist family doctors and serve patientsneeds in primary health care, and these applications are collectively referred to as digital family doctors.

However, the application and promotion of digital family doctors are still facing many problems, such as large regional differences, difficult to popularize and replicate typical models, uneven good and bad in the industry, lack of unified standards and so on.

In view of this, Wang Xiaochuan put forward suggestions: first, to strengthen top-level design, establish industry standards; second, to encourage top doctors in the country to participate in the algorithm training of digital family doctors, contribute professional wisdom, and then use digital family doctors to assist grass-roots doctors, increase the supply of grass-roots medical resources; third, to encourage enterprises to participate in promoting the development of the industry.