The second session of the 13th National Peoples Congress will be held soon. Jin Donghao, deputy of the National Peoples Congress, Secretary of the Party branch of Yuchi Township, Shangzhi City, Heilongjiang Province, and director of the village committee, was interviewed by reporters of the Beijing News on issues such as farmersincome increase and village economy. He said that when village cadres can not just want to make their own money.
Jin Donghao, deputy of the National Peoples Congress, Secretary of the Party Branch and director of the Village Committee of Xinxing Village, Yuchi Township, Shangzhi City, Heilongjiang Province.
Beijing News: What proposals and proposals are you going to submit at this congress?
Jin Donghao: Last year was the first time that I was elected deputy to the National Peoples Congress. As a representative from the peasant class, what I mentioned last year was all the problems that need to be solved in the countryside. This year has been in office for one year, and the range of suggestions I would like to make is quite wide, such as whether we can increase more forms of subsidies for agriculture, countryside and farmers to enhance the enthusiasm of farmers; on the issue of marketization of agricultural products, how to increase support for grain processing enterprises; and on ethnic education, etc.
Beijing News: What research activities have you participated in in in the past year? What problems were found in the survey?
Jin Donghao: In the past year, I have participated in many research activities. In addition to participating in the research activities of the Provincial Peoples Congress, I have also visited four townships in three counties. The research topics include poverty alleviation, food industry, national education and so on. In fact, I have been thinking about a question, that is, why cant food prices come up? When I was village director in 1983, a kilogram of rice was 3.8 cents. Now the price of grain is not high enough. The price of rice is about one piece and five times, that is to say, it has quadrupled. The price of grain is not high. Will the income of big grain farmers be affected?
Beijing News: How do you think this problem should be solved?
Jin Donghao: What should I do? My opinion is to cooperate and integrate, so that the risk is small. Our village started to run cooperatives in 2009. At that time, villagers were called to join the stock market, but many people did not understand that they could not make money at all. I am the Secretary of the branch. I will invest in the stock first. If you invest 10,000, I will invest 20,000. Party members will invest in the stock first, and then they will drive it. Our goal at that time was to lift the whole village out of poverty and make it rich. One person is not rich and the whole village is not rich. Unlike other cooperatives, our business model is not unified planting, but unified household management. If you can plant land, I will give you land. If you can plant 200 mu, I will give you 200 mu. If you need agricultural machinery, I will provide you with services to help you reduce costs. So what does our cooperative do? Research on high-quality products and solving technical problems have developed to the present day.
Beijing News: Do you have any other ideas?
Jin Donghao: In the past two years, the state has introduced a new and good policy: producer subsidies and subsidies to our farmers. At this conference, I would like to appeal to you that if food prices are not going up, can we increase producer subsidies a little? In this way, farmersenthusiasm can be better brought into play. For example, in our village, the average income of the villagers in 2014 was 20,000 yuan. In 2016 and 2017, it was 30,000 yuan, but in 2018 it dropped to 15,000 yuan. Similarly, the income of these people is half the difference. For us, 2018 is a special year. It always rains from July to September, which leads to poor quality of products. This is one of the main reasons for the decline in income. In this case, if producer subsidies can be increased, will it be better to promote the enthusiasm of farmers? When it comes to producer subsidies, there is another problem, which needs to be clarified, that is, to whom the subsidies are given, to whom the land is planted, or to whom the land belongs.
Beijing News: When did you start to be a village cadre?
Jin Donghao: I have been a village cadre since 1984, and it has been more than 30 years now.
From before the reform and opening up to the present, great changes have taken place, from the rural household contract responsibility system, to the exemption of agricultural taxes, to the reform of rural collective property rights system and rural revitalization. I am a witness. Farmers have changed from watching the sky for dinner to knowing the heaven for work, originally wood windows and paper-pasted window paper, then plastic cloth, then glass and wood have become plastic. Steel and aluminium alloy. In 1982, when I was the captain of the production team, the farmers got their income by working for a year. At that time, they did not really solve the problem of food and clothing. Now the villagers are rich. Now in our village, many farmers have hundreds of thousands of households. Agricultural machinery is modernized. They buy cars to live in buildings and drive cars to the fields to plant land. Isnt this a modern farmer? The village environment is also good, neat, flowers are in full bloom, which is my ideal when I was 19 years old. When I joined the Party at the age of 19, I saw a foreign film reflecting the countryside. Their village was beautiful. I thought at that time that my hometown was more beautiful than theirs. Now I am 63 years old, and my ideals have basically come true. We have a farmer, a family of three, with a net profit of 200,000 a year. Can we make so much money by going out to work?
New Beijing News: Whats the deepest feeling of being a village cadre for more than 30 years?
Jin Donghao: When village cadres want to make their own money, you should not be village cadres. Village cadres must have the idea of their own losses, so they can not study what they make money. This is my idea. When village cadres dont have such a concept, they just want to make money by themselves, even if they are elected, they will have to work for a few years.
Some units employ me with high salaries, such as large agricultural cooperatives, family farms, etc. with an annual salary of 200,000 yuan. I said I cant go. I dont work for money. The whole village is rich. This is my greatest wish and my original intention. My daughter-in-law had the greatest opinion of me in our village. One year, my daughter-in-law told the villagers that if you take down the old gold this time, I would kill a cow and invite everyone to stop him. Why? My daughter-in-law is thinking about family. I usually come out of my house in the morning and go home at seven or eight oclock in the evening. My two sons also have a lot of opinions about me. I havent had much time to pay attention to these two children, let alone help them, and Im sorry for them. The screen of my mobile phone is a picture of my little grandson. This is the son of my second son. The eldest son is 37 years old and still unmarried. What do I always inculcate in them? Its my foundation that I make my own way. Now both of the children are out and running on their own.
Beijing News: Over the age of Huajia, how many more years are you going to work?
Jin Donghao: Last year I wanted to retire. Now at this age, my physical condition is certainly not as good as before, but my mental state is still good. Now the most important thing is to train young people. When young people are mature, I can retire.
Beijing News: What are you going to do this year? What are the work plans?
Jin Donghao: Whats the next step? Village economy, I have always been concerned about this matter, village collectives do not have money, want to do public welfare is very difficult, completely rely on the state financial support is not feasible, so in 2019 our idea is to strengthen the collective economy, to provide more benefits to the villagers. How to grow? When I was a village cadre in 1984, I had the idea of planning the village economy. So some areas auctioned the woodland and so on. Our village has not moved. This is the capital of our collective economy.