Reference News Network reported on March 4 that the British media said that the Trump government once again put forward its views to the World Trade Organization on the 1st. It said that U.S. trade policy would not be influenced by the WTO. It also defends the use of tariffs to pressure trading partners.
According to Reuters on March 1, a report drafted by the U.S. Trade Representative outlines the White Houses trade agenda for 2019. The report says the United States will continue to use the Swiss-based WTO to challenge what it sees as unfair practices.
However, the report said: The United States is still an independent country, and our trade policy will be formulated here, not in Geneva. We do not allow the Appellate Body and the Dispute Settlement System of the WTO to force the United States to accept the constraints of obligations that we have never agreed to fulfil.
According to the report, the United States must have policy space to deal with trade issues. This policy space must include the ability to use tariffs or other forms of means to persuade other countries to seriously consider our concerns, it said.
Reported that for many years, the United States has argued that WTO judges often fail to comply with procedures and exceed their jurisdiction in order to force WTO members to assume new obligations.
Reported that in order to force WTO reform, Washington often obstructs the appointment of Appellate Body judges, and the appointment of judges requires the unanimous consent of members. If Washington continues to do so, the Appellate Body will not be operational by December 2019. At that time, two of the remaining three judges will end their terms of office. WTO rules require three judges to hear appeals.
The report also said that although Trumps complaints found sympathizers among other WTO members, obstruction of new appointments was widely opposed. Because it could paralyse a guardian body of international law. Its report of 1 March did not mention the obstruction of the appointment of judges by the United States.
The report defends the U.S. imposition of steel and aluminium tariffs on national security grounds. The report also states that exceptions to national security have long been recognized by the WTO and its predecessor, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade. It said that if the WTO rejected the view of the United States that tariffs were vital to national security, it would possibly cause serious damage to the multilateral trading system.
Information picture. (Reuters)
Source: Responsible Editor of Reference Message Network: Ji Guojie_NBJ11143