Suggestions on Layout 5G Application Promoting Innovative Development of Internet of Things
1. Accelerating the Application of Industrial Internet of Things and Helping the Intelligent Transformation of Factories
Global manufacturing competition promotes the transformation of factories to intellectualization. Internet of Things (IOT), as a key supporting technology for connecting people, machines and equipment, has attracted great attention of enterprises. For equipment that produces a small amount of production data and is insensitive to time delay, the existing connection technology can meet its network transformation. However, the traditional connection technology can not meet the requirements of time-delay sensitive, high reliability or equipment that generates large amounts of production data. In this case, 5G technology advantages can better meet the needs of industrial control, while providing manufacturing enterprises with remote control and data flow management tools, in order to manage a large number of devices more efficiently and intelligently, and update these devices through wireless networks.
It is suggested that the state should increase financial support to key areas such as high-end equipment, intelligent manufacturing and industrial Internet of Things, guide the central and local industrial investment funds and social capital, carry out vertical transformation around large manufacturing enterprises upstream and downstream, strengthen research and development of major technologies such as automated production lines and unmanned factories, create virtual industrial closed-loop and improve industrial production. Efficiency and overall international competitiveness.
2. Developing Intelligent Agriculture to Promote the Implementation of the Strategy of Vitalizing the Rural Areas
It is suggested that the relevant state departments formulate and promulgate 5G agricultural application subsidies and preferential policies, and encourage the participation of social capital, operators, Internet enterprises, etc. to plan and build smart agricultural demonstration zones and pilot zones according to local conditions, and to promote them nationwide after mature experience, so as to comprehensively enhance the application of high and new technologies in the agricultural field. For example, in the aquaculture industry, basic information management, disease file management, epidemic prevention management, nutrition and reproduction management are carried out through wireless sensor network technology to develop intelligent aquaculture; in the field of plant protection, micro-climate, moisture and other environmental information in the area are automatically detected and recorded by means of Internet of Things technology, and the occurrence of pests and diseases can be accurately predicted by combining with plant protection expert system, thus the occurrence of pests and diseases can be accurately predicted. By spraying pesticides by UAV, the problem of plant protection in agricultural production can be solved accurately and efficiently.
3. Developing Driverless and Vehicle Networking to Improve Intelligent Transportation
In the numerous application scenarios of 5G, driverless and vehicle networking are considered to be the most likely trigger points - high requirements for communication networks, large bandwidth, low latency, large number of connections, tight coverage, these are the core advantages of 5G technology. On the one hand, unmanned driving has enormous energy-saving potential, which has far-reaching significance in reducing traffic accidents, improving congestion, improving road and vehicle utilization, and can directly drive the rapid development of intelligent automobile aftermarket and other industries. On the other hand, the global vehicle networking industry has entered a rapid development stage, led by informatization and intellectualization, and the global demand for vehicle networking services has gradually increased. Based on the application of 5G technology, the field of intelligent transportation will rapidly enter the upstream development zone.
It is suggested that the state study, formulate and promulgate the medium and long-term development goals of intelligent transportation, and formulate relevant laws, regulations and industry standards to support industrial development. Especially for the key points of industry development, such as safety responsibility of driverless vehicles, technology test, national standards and specifications of vehicle networking, application of intelligent chips, pre-judgement is carried out to support the intelligent, safe and controllable development in the field of transportation through incentive policies.
IV. Popularizing the Application of Medical Internet of Things to Help the Construction of Healthy China
Internet of Things technology has a wide application space in the medical industry. For patient service, LBS technology can be used to realize intelligent guidance, optimize the process of consultation, and remote nursing can also be carried out with wearable sensors and service solutions. In terms of equipment quality, special sensors can be used to track the use of equipment, and predictive maintenance can be used to repair potential problems of key medical equipment and improve equipment operation and maintenance system. In the aspect of environmental monitoring, sensors can be used to monitor and warn the environment in special places such as ICU rooms and operating rooms. At the same time, it is particularly urgent to refine and improve the data standard under the premise of safety protection and to make comprehensive use of the data network based on the health data of the medical and nursing safety process.
It is suggested that the relevant state departments should gradually promote the application of 5G technology in the field of medical and health care, speed up the improvement of relevant standards for medical Internet of Things and health data, formulate industry standards for medical intelligent wearable equipment and supporting information platforms, and formulate incentive policies for Internet of Things enterprises to invest in scientific research and application development in the field of medical care, so as to make cloud computing, artificial intelligence, virtual reality/enhancement. Reality, Internet of Things, Block Chain and other technologies in the medical and health industry better integrate innovation and integration of applications to meet the growing demand for health care.
Suggestions on Improving Innovation Ability and Developing Commercial Aerospace Industry Vigorously
Over the past 40 years of reform and opening up, China has made remarkable achievements in space industry. On April 24, 2016, the first China Space Day, General Secretary Xi Jinping made an important instruction: Exploring the vast universe, developing the space industry and building a strong space power are our unremitting pursuit of the space dream. In the same year, General Secretary Xi emphasized in his meeting with astronauts and representatives of the participants of Tiangong 2 and Shenzhou 11 manned missions that we should strive to build a strong space power and a world scientific and technological power by climbing the peak in the development of space industry. On February 20 this year, General Secretary Xi stressed in his meeting with representatives of the participants in the Change 4 mission of the lunar exploration project: Practice tells us that great undertakings are based on innovation. Innovation determines the future. It is not a smooth road to build a powerful country in science and technology in the world. Only innovation can seize the first chance. Secretary-General Xis series of speeches pointed out the direction of Chinas space industry in the new era. The report of the Nineteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China clearly puts forward the strategic goal of building a strong aerospace country, which highlights the great importance that the Party and the state attach to the aerospace industry of our country. In the 13th Five-Year Plan, aerospace is listed as a key area of innovation-driven development, which provides a good opportunity for the transformation and development of China from a big space country to a powerful space country.
Space flight is one of the most challenging and widely driven high-tech fields in the world today. It has made important contributions to serving the overall situation of national development and improving human well-being. In recent years, a large number of commercial aerospace companies, such as Space X, Blue Origin and OneWeb, have emerged in the fields of transportation, satellite and space applications. They are regarded as one of the most active start-up areas. According to The Space Report 2018, the global space market reached 383.5 billion US dollars in 2017, 80% of which was commercial space. The commercial space industry is expected to reach trillions of US dollars in the future, which will usher in unprecedented development opportunities. Space programs such as reusable rockets, giant commercial constellations and commercial manned space stations are gradually coming true, demonstrating the tremendous power of commercial space to promote technological progress and industrial development.
From the national point of view, the development of commercial aerospace in the United States is the most comprehensive and perfect. From top-level legislation to government-level guiding procurement, to the establishment of division of labor and cooperation between enterprises, and the entry of venture capital institutions, a self-sustainable commercial aerospace industry ecosystem has been formed.
Compared with the United States, Chinas commercial space industry started relatively late, but the momentum of development is rapid. In 2014, the State Council issued Guiding Opinions on Innovating Investment and Financing Mechanisms in Key Areas to Encourage Social Investment, in 2016 the State Council issued the National Strategic Emerging Industries Development Plan for the 13th Five-Year Plan, and in 2016 the White Paper Encouraging and Guiding Non-governmental Capital to Participate in Space Scientific Research and Production, Developing Commercial Space and Satellite Commercialized Applications Vigorously, and Improving them Government purchase of space products and services mechanism. A series of favorable policies for commercial spaceflight have been introduced, which further promotes the rapid development of commercial spaceflight.
With the entry of social capital and the introduction of various policies, nearly 100 commercial aerospace companies have been established in China. However, it is incompatible with the rapid development of commercial aerospace. Our country is still not perfect in such aspects as commercial aerospace legislation, industry policy, qualification access, resource sharing, market cultivation and industrial development. Therefore, I suggest that:
I. Accelerate the promotion of space legislation to ensure the long-term stability, rational and effective use of space resources by private enterprises
At present, 29 countries in the world have promulgated domestic laws and regulations in the field of space flight. The United States has established the most perfect system of commercial space law, which clearly defines the boundaries of government and military, civil and military space powers, and encourages the acquisition of autonomous space development capabilities through commercial services.
China is the only country without space law among the big space powers. Commercial space companies lack clear national legal protection. There is an urgent need to speed up the process of space legislation, establish the mechanisms of commercial space market access and exit, fair competition, insurance and compensation, safety supervision and other mechanisms, and build a relatively perfect legal system of commercial space. Give full play to the strategic leading role of rule of law spaceflight, ensure that different business entities enjoy the same market position legally for a long time, and escort the healthy development of commercial spaceflight from the national legal level.
2. Exploring the mechanism conducive to the development of commercial space flight, and promulgating landing policies and implementing rules
Commercial aerospace is a fast-growing emerging industry with high threshold, large investment and significant strategic significance. It is more vulnerable to the influence of government regulation and industrial policies than most industries. It is urgent to break the shackles of the system and mechanism of commercial space development and guide the orderly development of commercial space market.
It is suggested that policies should guide the rational division of labor between state-owned enterprises and private enterprises to form a coordinated and orderly industrial structure. To formulate the import and export licensing system for commercial satellites, rockets and other products, detailed rules for the implementation of policies such as commercial rocket launching licensing and commercial satellite frequency licensing, explore and establish mechanisms for the two-way flow of aerospace talents and technology transfer of state-owned aerospace enterprises, effectively inclusive and encourage new commercial forms and new business models of commercial aerospace, further promote the implementation of regulatory policies and systems, and eliminate civilians. Policy barriers to the deep involvement of private enterprises in commercial aerospace.
3. Promoting the Open and Shared Space Manufacturing Infrastructure and Constructing an Intelligent Manufacturing Ecosystem for Commercial Production
The level of aerospace equipment is one of the important symbols to measure the high-tech productivity of the country. The mass production of commercial rockets, satellites and satellite usersground matching sets new demands on product cost, cycle and performance, which greatly expands the connotation and extension of aerospace equipment manufacturing. Traditional aerospace manufacturing mode and matching technology are difficult to meet the needs.
It is suggested that the government should coordinate, state-owned enterprises and private enterprises should concentrate on the distribution of intelligent manufacturing of commercial aerospace products, encourage private enterprises to participate in key national projects related to aerospace equipment manufacturing, accelerate the innovation and application of disruptive aerospace technology, formulate policies and Implementation Rules for the mass production of commercial aerospace equipment products and the cultivation of upstream and downstream enterprises, and intensify the sharing and transformation of aerospace intelligent manufacturing technology. The national aerospace manufacturing infrastructure will be released, and the sharing catalogue of aerospace test facilities and the charging standards for paid use will be promulgated.
4. Improving and implementing the mechanism of government procurement of commercial aerospace products and services, opening up the industry access of commercial aerospace companies, and expanding the field of commercial services and Applications
Throughout the development of commercial space in the United States, it is not difficult to find that through technology transfer and contract granting, the government supports commercial space companies and fosters commercial space market, which promotes the development of private commercial space in the United States.
In order to accelerate the development of Chinas commercial aerospace industry, it is proposed to increase government support and award a certain proportion of government orders to Chinas commercial aerospace companies; simplify the approval procedures for commercial rocket launching, aerospace TT&C, radio frequency, etc., guide and encourage private enterprises to allocate strategic space resources and assume the responsibility of orderly and controllable orbital environment; and further open the existing launch sites. New launch stations will be added to meet the needs of high frequency commercial launch services; to reduce or unlock access to commercial satellite services, expand the application of commercial satellites in mass life and government management, and serve the national strategy of one belt along the way and precise poverty alleviation.
Suggestions on Further Deepening the Implementation of Information Accessibility Construction
Over the past 40 years of reform and opening up, Chinas socialist construction has achieved great success, and peoples living standards have improved significantly. At this stage, driving the disadvantaged groups to a well-off society has become the focus of the central governments attention to the improvement of peoples well-being. General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out in particular: There are tens of millions of disabled people in China. By 2020, a well-off society will be built in an all-round way, and there will be no shortage of disabled people. To do more for the cause of the disabled is also an important aspect of building a well-off society in an all-round way.
According to the Blue Book of China Disabled Career Research Report (2018) and the China Disabled Persons Federation, the number of disabled groups in China has exceeded 85 million, the number of visually impaired groups has reached 17 million, and the number of hearing impaired groups has exceeded 20 million. With the increasing trend of aging, the strengthening of information accessibility will directly benefit about 200 million people.
In practice, we have noticed that the vast majority of visually impaired, hearing impaired and elderly groups have a strong demand for mobile Internet and artificial intelligence Internet of Things. This kind of technology can improve the lives of healthy people and change their destiny, such as mobile terminals and applications in access to information, convenient travel, communication and other aspects of great help to the disabled. Innovative technologies such as voice interaction, Internet of Things, intelligent hardware and so on have provided new solutions for them to improve their lives. Doing a good job in accessibility of information is the responsibility of scientists and technicians, as well as the microcosmic embodiment of everyones right to enjoy the good life brought by science and technology equally.
Compared with the advanced countries in the world, there is still a certain gap in the level of information accessibility in our country, which affects the process of the disadvantaged groups such as the disabled compatriots going to a well-off society. The prominent manifestation is that the relevant laws and regulations have been promulgated, but the landing strength is insufficient, and the safeguard details have not yet been promulgated. The awareness of all aspects of society is still weak, the supporting measures such as supervision and incentives are not perfect, and the industry chain related to information accessibility (hardware, software, content and services) is not sound enough.
We find that information accessibility is not only a problem of technological research and development, but also a system engineering that requires coordination and close cooperation among government, enterprises, supporting industrial chains, social organizations and other aspects. It also involves the promotion of relevant consciousness of the whole society. Further deepening the implementation of information accessibility requirements and strengthening the construction of AI Internet of Things information accessibility is imminent. It is an important opportunity to rapidly and substantially enhance the well-being of vulnerable groups and set up a benchmark of global science and technology benefiting the people. Therefore, I suggest that:
1. Detailing the requirements of relevant laws and regulations on accessibility of information and issuing a landing schedule
II. Government and public sectors provide services to meet barrier-free basic requirements and include information barrier-free in relevant procurement standards
In the construction of information accessibility, the government and the public sector are the leaders, and have the demonstration effect of the vane to the whole society. Especially in the construction of smart cities, the disabled groups should not be left behind because of technical problems.
It is suggested that the government and public departments (such as hospitals, metros, buses, banks) should take the lead in realizing the information accessibility requirements, such as the application program of government services can meet the mobile phone accessibility requirements, standardize the process of bus stop-in voice reporting, speed up the service data of buses, and assist the disabled people in the construction of convenient travel applications, such as reference. Consider pushing voice travel information prompts to handicapped peoples mobile phones based on geographical location; banks self-service management system (ATM, website and application) can meet the basic requirements of information accessibility.
It is suggested that when purchasing mobile terminals, smart hardware and software services (websites, applications), government departments should be able to include information accessibility requirements in purchasing standards.
3. Formulating the standards for accessibility of AI Internet of Things information and promoting the integration of networked intelligent hardware into the list of accessory procurement
Artificial Intelligence Internet of Things (AIoT) has become a new outlet of information industry. China has built the largest consumer-grade Internet of Things platform in the world, and the number of access intelligent hardware is in the leading position. Based on the linkage between AI Internet of Things and intelligent hardware, the cost of accessing the information society for the disabled and the elderly can be greatly reduced. For example, the visually impaired and limb-impaired groups can easily start the sweeping robot, turn on the air-conditioner, and acquire the audio-visual information of text and graphics by means of voice interaction and intelligent speakers.
It is suggested that relevant ministries and commissions formulate the information accessibility standard of AI Internet of Things, and standardize the universality of product design, hardware and software, so as to achieve the goal that disabled groups and healthy people can use the product equally.
At the same time, it is suggested that local governments should subsidize the purchase of smart hardware, such as smart speakers and lamps, which can help the disabled improve their living standards. In addition, the inclusion of intelligent hardware that meets the barrier-free criteria and can effectively help the disabled into the list of assistive devices for the disabled will help the disabled compatriots to enjoy the better life brought about by the interconnection of all things more conveniently.
It is suggested to unify the data standard and exchange standard for the aged, so that the intelligent hardware manufacturers can develop products based on the standard, so as to promote the construction of national large data network for the aged.
The completeness of the industrial chain is first reflected in the richness of products and services. Information accessibility has a very rich and diversified demand for products and services. For example, people with visual impairment want visual information to be audible and accessible, and people with hearing impairment want audio information to be visualized. They need multi-participation to meet diverse needs.
More importantly, in the construction of information accessibility, enterprises are the core of the front line, mainly involving mobile terminals, applications, smart hardware, content production and other dimensions, covering many links of the information industry chain, interlinked, lack of any part will cause the lack of accessibility experience.
5. Increase the curriculum of information accessibility development in the corresponding departments of colleges and universities, and encourage the whole society to provide comprehensive supporting services.
Information accessibility is a systematic project that needs the participation of the whole society. Educational institutions are important participants, especially in the training of information accessibility service skills and awareness, and in the direction of integration of industry, education and research.
It is suggested that barrier-free development courses should be added to the development courses of computer and software engineering specialties in universities and scientific research institutions, and general design courses should be added to the Department of industrial design; educational institutions should be encouraged to include information barrier-free in general education; and the whole society should be encouraged to enhance information barrier-free awareness and provide comprehensive supporting services.
It is suggested that local governments set up matching funds for learning and training disabled people to use mobile terminals and intelligent hardware. Relevant institutions and enterprises are encouraged to actively participate in the formulation of relevant international standards, especially in the export of Chinese experience in new areas such as mobile Internet and artificial intelligence Internet of Things.