Peoples Daily: 2018 is the first year of the 13th National Peoples Congress and its Standing Committee, which enacted or amended a number of important laws. I would like to ask the speaker, what are the highlights and characteristics of the legislative work of the NPC last year, and what social effects have been achieved? Thank you.
Zhang Yesui: Thank you for your question. Since the establishment of the 13th National Peoples Congress and its Standing Committee, it has closely focused on implementing the major decision-making and deployment of the Party Central Committee, responding to the major concerns of the people, conscientiously fulfilling the various responsibilities entrusted to it by the Constitution and Law, accelerating the pace of legislation, and achieving a good start of the current legislative work. Last year, a general meeting considered and adopted amendments to the Constitution, enacted supervision laws and passed four decisions on major issues; the Standing Committee enacted eight laws, amended 47 laws and adopted nine decisions on legal issues and major issues.
Zhang Yesui: Last year, the main legislative work includes the following aspects: First, the constitutional amendment passed by the General Assembly provides a strong constitutional guarantee for upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. The supervisory law formulated by the General Assembly clearly stipulates the emergence, duties and powers of the supervisory committee, strengthens the centralized and unified leadership of the Party in anti-corruption work, and establishes a centralized, unified, authoritative and efficient national supervisory system with Chinese characteristics.
Third, we should enact e-commerce laws, clarify the obligations and responsibilities of e-commerce operators, especially platform operators, strictly prohibit misleading consumer behavior, standardize and guarantee the healthy development of e-commerce, and maintain market order and fair competition. The second is to enact a law on the protection of heroic martyrs, which will highlight the distinct orientation of national protection heroes and promote a good atmosphere for the whole society to advocate, defend and learn heroes.
Fourthly, the rural land contract law should be amended, and the major reform achievements of the separation of ownership, contractual rights and management rights should be determined in the form of law, so as to stabilize and improve the rural land contract relationship and give the land contractors and managers a reassuring pill.
Fifth, it is the Seventh Amendment to the Personal Income Tax Law to ensure that the broad masses of the people enjoy tangible tax benefits. In the first three months of implementation, more than 70 million peoples salary income did not need to pay personal income tax, and the amount of tax reduction reached 100 billion yuan.
Sixthly, on the basis of the overall consideration of the draft parts of the Civil Code, the draft parts of contract and tort liability have been considered. The relevant draft has been widely consulted by the public and laid a solid foundation for the completion of the task of compiling the Civil Code in 2020.
Seventh, the formulation of soil pollution prevention and control law fills the legal gap in the field of soil pollution prevention and control in China, and establishes a three-dimensional and rigorous legal network of ecological environment with relevant laws such as air pollution prevention and control law and water pollution prevention and control law.
Zhang Yesui: Another important aspect is that the Standing Committee of the current session adopted packaged amendments to laws and made decisions, which played a role in deepening institutional reform and other aspects of legislative norms and guaranteeing reform. Thank you.