China Daily: Hello, Spokesman. We are concerned that the United States is asking some European countries to stop cooperating with Huawei. We are afraid that Huawei will cooperate with the Chinese government to provide relevant information. We also see that Chinas National Intelligence Law also stipulates that agencies, organizations and citizens should cooperate with the government on security issues, which also exacerbates various concerns. I would like to ask how the NPC, as the Supreme legislature, responds to this concern. Thank you.
Zhang Yesui: Thank you for your question. The National Intelligence Law passed by the Standing Committee of the National Peoples Congress in 2017 is a law formulated in accordance with the Constitution of the Peoples Republic of China. Its main purpose is to strengthen and safeguard Chinas national intelligence work and safeguard Chinas national security and interests, not to infringe on the security interests of other countries. It is a common international practice to safeguard national security in the form of legislation. All countries, including the United States and Europe, have similar laws or regulations. So in the legislative process of this law, China also draws lessons from the practice of relevant countries.
The National Intelligence Law not only stipulates the obligation of organizations and citizens to support, assist and cooperate with the national intelligence work according to law, but also stipulates that the national intelligence work should be carried out according to law, respect and protect human rights, and safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of individuals and organizations. Other laws in China also provide for the protection of the legitimate rights and interests of citizens and organizations, including the right to data security and privacy, which are applicable to national intelligence work. I think this point should be comprehensively and accurately interpreted, and should not be taken out of context.
China has always encouraged and advocated that enterprises strictly abide by local laws and regulations in their overseas operations. It has never, nor will it, require Chinese enterprises to engage in activities that violate local laws and regulations. Some officials of the U.S. government use the National Intelligence Act to exaggerate the so-called security risks in the products of specific Chinese enterprises. They interfere in economic activities by political means, violate WTO rules and interfere with the international market order of fair competition. This is a typical double standard, which is neither fair nor moral. The Chinese government has expressed its rigorous position on many occasions. We hope that relevant countries will abide by the market principle of fair competition and provide a fair and non-discriminatory business environment for Chinese enterprises to invest and operate. Thank you.