The Hanoi meeting of DPRK and US leaders did not sign the expected agreement between the two sides, which the international community deeply regrets. It is worth noting and appreciating that both DPRK and the United States are willing to continue negotiations on unresolved differences. This not only demonstrates that the two sides are at the crossroads of continuing dialogue or returning to confrontation and have jointly made responsible and correct choices, but also marks that the long-term hostile and complex DPRK-US relations have been brought into the negotiating track based on the same strategic decisions of both sides.
The DPRK-U.S. Leadersmeeting and the intensive talks before have further deepened mutual understanding on the three major issues of complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, the establishment of a new DPRK-U.S. relationship and the promotion of the establishment of a permanent peace mechanism on the Peninsula. The two sides have also conducted constructive discussions on substantive measures such as ending the state of war between the two countries and establishing liaison offices between them. u3002 As the DPRK Central News Agency reported on March 1, The one-to-one talks and extensive talks first held against the US dollar have made remarkable progress in pushing forward the historic process of the DPRK-US-Singapore Joint Statement. The reason for the failure of the meeting to sign an agreement, although the two sides have different opinions, but the essence of the difference is very clear, that is, what kind of nuclear abandonment action North Korea takes in exchange for what kind of corresponding measures the United States. This substantive disagreement is not the first one to emerge, but rather an old issue that has been pervading bilateral negotiations between the DPRK and the United States for a long time.
In fact, since the early 1990s, the DPRK and the United States have made many efforts on major issues such as denuclearization and ending hostilities between the two countries. The reason for the breakdown of each negotiation is that there is a big difference between DPRKs nuclear abandonment measures and the corresponding measures that the United States intends to take.
The root of the lack of mutual trust between the DPRK and the United States comes from two abnormal conditions that have existed on the Korean Peninsula so far: one is that the Korean Peninsula is still in a state of war, and since the signing of the Armistice Agreement in 1953, the parties directly concerned have not yet negotiated a permanent peace mechanism that can replace the temporary armistice arrangement; the other is that the Korean Peninsula is still in a state of cold war and peace on the Peninsula has been going on. It is based on the balance of mutual deterrence and even the balance of mutual nuclear deterrence.
Without a fundamental end to the state of war and cold war on the Korean Peninsula and the establishment of a permanent peace mechanism on the Korean Peninsula, it will be impossible to promote denuclearization steadily and sustainably on the basis of strategic trust; without denuclearization, the Peninsula will always be unable to get rid of the nuclear terror peace based on mutual nuclear deterrence, and there will be no real peace on the Peninsula.
It is precisely in view of the predicament that the two major issues of nuclear and harmony on the Korean Peninsula are mutually preconditioned and mutually reinforcing. When China presided over the drafting of the 9.19 Joint Statement in the Six-Party Talks, it focused on the common interests of all parties, and made it clear that the parties directly concerned should negotiate separately to establish a permanent peace mechanism on the Korean Peninsula and achieve denuclearization as the major goal of resolving the At a time of spiral escalation of tension on the Korean Peninsula and even sliding to the brink of war, China solemnly put forward the initiative and idea of double suspension of nuclear guidance activities and joint military exercises, realizing denuclearization and establishing a permanent peace mechanism.
Since last year, the situation on the Korean Peninsula has been developing in a positive direction, focusing increasingly on the direction of the two-track negotiations on the two major issues of nuclear and harmony. This time, the top leaders of DPRK and the United States discussed a series of major issues in depth in Hanoi, and objectively took a step towards building a two-track negotiation track. Historically, since last year, a series of positive interactions led by the Leadersmeetings between China, DPRK, Korea and the United States have been promoting historic and structural changes on the Korean Peninsula. The main driving force behind this change is the commitment to the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, and what kind of permanent peace mechanism will be established to determine the outcome of this change.
The historical lessons show that a denuclearized and peaceful Korean Peninsula is in the fundamental interests of both sides in the north and south of the Peninsula and all relevant parties in the region. It is from this point of view that the Chinese Government advocates a political solution to the Korean Peninsula issue and the establishment of a permanent peace mechanism on the Peninsula while achieving denuclearization. Although the DPRK-US leaders met in Hanoi without signing any agreement, their common interests on the two major issues of denuclearization of the peninsula and lasting peace determined that the two countries could only solve the problem through persistent dialogue and negotiation. China firmly supports the two Koreas and the United States to move towards each other and consolidate the political process of resolving the Peninsula issue that has already taken shape. China will also play an active and constructive role in this process.
The Korean Peninsula is a complex issue. The contradiction between North Korea and the United States has accumulated for more than half a century, and it is difficult to solve it overnight. Obviously, the DPRK and the United States need to be resolved through patient and step-by-step dialogue and negotiation, especially the need to closely integrate confidence-building measures with DPRK-US dialogue and negotiation. Continuing dialogue and consultation between the two sides is a responsible choice for their own, regional and even international peace and security. It will have a positive and significant impact on the pragmatic promotion of the complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula and the establishment of a permanent peace mechanism. Therefore, it is naturally welcomed and actively supported by all countries in the world, including China.
(The author is a researcher at the Chinese Academy of International Studies)
Source: Peoples Daily Author: Yang Xiyu, Responsible Editor: Shi Jianlei_NBJ11331