In order to understand the direction of job hunting for university graduates, the social edition of micro-blog daily launched the online survey. At the end of the survey, a total of 5128 people participated in the voting. The number of people who choose to start business is the largest, with a total of 1476 votes, accounting for 28.8%. Followed by: to the international organization, to try to participate in the issue of the Chinese voice 1314 votes, accounting for 25.6%; the front line of poverty alleviation 1084, accounting for 21.1%; put on national defense green, walk into the barracks 864, accounting for 16.9%; to more difficult places to do scientific research 390, accounting for 7.6%. According to the Ministry of education, the 2018 national college graduates expect 8 million 200 thousand. The number of graduates has reached a record high and the pressure of employment has also increased. What are the employment policies for the peoples social departments at all levels? How to attract talents from all over the world? What are the problems in the job market and how to solve them? This reporter interviewed the responsible person, combing the relevant policies to promote employment. How to ensure the smooth employment situation of college graduates Cong Xiangqun, director of the youth employment office of the employment promotion division of the Ministry of personnel and social affairs, Cong Xiangqun: the 2018 college graduates have reached a new high and the pressure of employment has further increased. Some of the structural contradictions that some graduates do not match professional, willingness, ability and market demand still exist. The peoples society will insist on putting the employment of college graduates in the first place in the employment work, in order to carry out the employment promotion plan as the grasp, to highlight the two directions of entrepreneurship and grass-roots growth, so as to ensure the stable employment situation of college graduates. First, the implementation and improvement of various employment and entrepreneurship policies. In recent years, the state has introduced a series of policies and measures to promote the multi-channel employment and independent entrepreneurship of college graduates: to the grass-roots employment, there are tuition compensation and subsidized loan, high pay and other policies; for independent entrepreneurship, there are entrepreneurial guarantee loans, tax and fee reduction, primary business subsidies and other policies; and the need to improve Employment ability, provide vocational training subsidies, skills identification subsidies and employment probation subsidies; for family poverty, disability and other difficult graduates, there are employment subsidies for employment; for flexible employment, social security subsidies and so on. We should carry out the program for the grass-roots growth of college graduates and promote the three one support program, and encourage more graduates to go to the grass-roots, central and western regions, and the hard and remote areas to start a business. At the same time, we will carry out the publicity and promotion activities of building a dream and walking with you, and help more graduates become familiar with policies and policies. The two is to strengthen the guarantee of employment service. Further adapt to the diversified and personalized employment needs of college graduates, strengthen the supply and demand convergence and precise support in the job market. In view of the needs of employment and entrepreneurship at different stages of the graduates, the employment guidance activities of college graduates are concentrated, and the special service activities such as the recruitment week and the employment service month are carried out in the private enterprises. The three is to promote entrepreneurship to drive employment. We should seize the favorable opportunity and concentrate high-quality resources to support the entrepreneurial innovation of university graduates. We will extend entrepreneurship training to the campus, and develop a number of training courses with high quality, distinctive characteristics and pertinence. To promote the opening of the public employment service institutions and the business incubator base to the graduates, to enrich and perfect the expert guidance team, to provide full factor services for the graduates, and to help solve the practical problems of industrial and commercial tax registration, intellectual property rights, financial management and so on. Liu Pengcheng, director of Shaanxi Talent Exchange Service Center: in the first quarter of 2018, the Shaanxi Provincial Committee and the provincial government issued a series of strong economic preferential policies to revitalize the real economy. The production activities of the manufacturing industry tend to be active and the domestic demand is constantly enhanced. At the same time, the public employment service agencies at all levels actively organize a series of special activities to promote employment and attract outside employment units to carry out on-site recruitment in Shaanxi Province. From the supply and demand of the main human resources market in the province, the demand for human resources market in Shaanxi province has increased greatly in the first quarter of this year, and the average salary provided by employers has increased. Data show that the demand for private enterprises in Shaanxi accounted for 75.37% of the total market demand, up by 27.61% over the same period last year. The recovery of demand for traditional industries in the province has led to a faster growth in demand for the entire market. How strong is the local introduction of big gift bag? Reporter: what new initiatives are there in attracting university graduates? These policies are mainly concentrated in the following three aspects. One is to open the house. The conditions of employment and setting up of graduates are generally relaxed, and the zero threshold is put forward in Wuhan, Xian and other cities. The two is housing security. Nanjing, Chengdu, Changsha, and so on through the expansion of the supply of affordable housing, to provide housing subsidies for housing subsidies, housing restrictions and other measures to increase the policy support for housing and housing for graduates. The three is the living allowance. Zhengzhou, Hangzhou, Dongguan and other cities provide college graduates with a life allowance of a certain period of time to help them reduce their pressure on life. From the policy, we can see that the cities in the East, the central and western regions have strong policy initiatives. These policies generally focus on the liquidity barriers and practical difficulties that the graduates need to solve in the employment and Entrepreneurship of household registration and housing, which not only creates conditions for graduates to stabilize employment, but also helps to improve the efficiency of human resource allocation. This policy is also a beneficial supplement and perfection of the employment and entrepreneurship policy of graduates. It is the same as guiding the grass-roots employment policy of graduates, which provides a new opportunity for the promotion of graduates employment and entrepreneurship. At the same time, the system mechanism should be perfected in various places, and the cooperative development of human resources and industry should be promoted, and the graduates should be introduced, retained and used well. Liu Pengcheng: in 2018, the number of college graduates in Shaanxi province reached 360 thousand. The human resources and social security departments at all levels in the province expanded the diversified channels of employment and encouraged more college graduates to stay in Shaanxi and Shaanxi to start a business. One is to continue to implement the policy of employment and entrepreneurship. This year, the Department of human society has introduced a new interim measures for the management of employment in Shaanxi Province, which is an important way to promote the employment of graduates, and gives 1200 yuan per month to the graduates of probation for the living allowance; the ratio of the graduates to apply for probation is not less than 50%, giving 2000 yuan per person to each unit. Allowance is retained. It has expanded the beneficiaries of the Shaanxi University Graduate Entrepreneurship fund. There are university graduates, returned students, masters and doctoral students in universities, and the highest can apply for a loan of 100 thousand yuan and a partnership of 500 thousand yuan. The three is to make great efforts to support entrepreneurship and drive employment. At all levels, the departments of human society at all levels are oriented to the graduates of the graduation year, which have the desire for entrepreneurship and training, and actively carry out the training of entrepreneurship. In the light of the different stages of different entrepreneurial projects and entrepreneurial activities, a variety of training models and multi-level training contents are set up, and the effect of training is improved. We will continue to increase the support of policy funds, use the support policies of venture guarantee loan, one-time venture subsidy and incubating project subsidy, and give full play to the loan role of college graduates in Shaanxi Province, and the innovation of multi channel graduates. Four is to strengthen the protection of employment rights and interests. Through strengthening the supervision of the human resources market, the illegal activities such as false recruitment, illegal charges and black intermediary are strictly investigated and dealt with, and the order of human resources market is standardized. How to solve the employment pressure of college students? Reporter: take Shaanxi Province as an example, what kind of pressure and difficulties are there in the employment of university students? What should I do? Liu Pengcheng: at present, there are still the following problems in the employment of university graduates in Shaanxi Province: first, the total amount of employment and structural contradictions of graduates are still outstanding. Two, the stability and quality of employment of graduates should be further improved. According to the Shaanxi provincial real name registration information system monitoring, the first employment graduates have not signed a labor contract, and some do not enjoy social insurance. Three, the employment concept of some graduates still deviate. Some parents and graduates are still unable to adapt to the employment situation, tend to have a strong sense of employment in large cities and systems, and pursue the so-called decent employment unilaterally, and do not want to go to the grass-roots and small and micro enterprises. Four, the service for public employment needs to be deepened. At present, the society, the parents and the graduates have new expectations and higher requirements for the employment service. Relatively speaking, there are not enough publicity, low precision, low level of information, lack of evaluation and inadequate implementation of individual policies in the service aspects, which have affected the effectiveness of employment and entrepreneurship services. In the future, the human resources and social security departments of Shaanxi will continue to put the employment of college graduates in the first place, implement the employment promotion plan and the college graduates basic growth plan, and carry out the policies of employment and entrepreneurship, economic policy and introduction of talents. Actively publicize and interpret the policy, guide more graduates to familiarize themselves with policies, use policies, change the concept of job selection, encourage graduates to go to the grass-roots level of urban and rural areas, and start a business in hard and remote areas to maximize the employment and Entrepreneurship of graduates.