China AI is super beautiful? Oxford report face to face: Chinas AI strength is only half of that of the US.

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 China AI is super beautiful? Oxford report face to face: Chinas AI strength is only half of that of the US.


Wen Yi Xiao Yi In recent years, AI has become a hot topic in China, and the application of AI technology has also broken out in China. With this fever, the voice of Chinas AI strength is catching up with the United States from time to time. In the near future, University of Oxford released a report that Chinas current AI strength is about half of that of the United States. The report is entitled deciphering the AI dream of China (DecipheringChinasAIDream). The author is Dr. Jeffrey Martin of University of Oxford and Jeffrey Martin (JeffreyDing), a young economic and political scholar. The report puts forward the concept of national AI potential index (AIPI), and AIPI mainly examines four basic indicators: hardware, data, algorithms and commerce to measure the comprehensive strength of a country in the AI. Next, intelligent bacteria will interpret this report for you to see what the AI index is and whats the gap with the US. The evaluation process and score of four indexes 1, hardware (occupying 25%) The report first analyzes the hardware index, which is divided into international market share of semiconductor production (2015) and financing situation of FPGA chip producers (2017). In terms of semiconductors, China occupies only 4% of the worlds share, while the United States occupies 50% of global semiconductor. On chip production, on the financing of FPGA (field programmable gate array) chip manufacturers, the investment of the Chinese counterparts in 2017 was $34 million 400 thousand, accounting for 7.6% of the global FPGA manufacturers financing, while the US was $192 million 500 thousand and accounted for 42.4%. The report calculates that Chinas hardware index is (4+7.6) /2=5.8, and the US hardware index is (50+42.4) /2=46.2. The report concludes that Chinas hardware level is far less than that of the United States, and has become a bottleneck in the development of AI. 2. Data (occupying 25%) In terms of data, the report says China has absolute advantages. In 2016, China had 20% of the worlds data; the United States accounted for 5.5% of the worlds data. China is far ahead of this index. The report calculates that Chinas data index is 20, and the US data index is 5.5. According to the report, Chinas rich data, in addition to a large population, the rapid development of the mobile Internet, privacy protection is relatively loose is also a major factor. The report also points out that the absence of the Chinese market, such as Google and Facebook, will make the Chinese Internet more closed and only use local data, which will have a limited future impact on the world. 3, algorithm and Research (25%) In the algorithm and research, the report also divides the index into two parts, one is the number of AI talents, and the other is the number of papers published on the AAAI. In the number of AI talents, there are 39 thousand and 200 people in the talent pool in China in 2017 to study artificial intelligence, accounting for 13.1% of the worlds AI talents, while the United States has 78 thousand and 700 AI talents, occupying 26.2% of the world. In the number of papers published, Chinese scholars published 138 papers on AAAI in 2015, which accounted for 20.5% of the world, while the number of results published by American scholars was 326, accounting for 48.4% of the world. The report points out that although the number of AI papers published by Chinese scholars has increased significantly in recent years, the number of references from China is less influential than the United States and the third - place UK. 4, business (occupying 25%) In 2017, the number of artificial Intelligent Company owned by China was 23% in the world in 2017, while the number of AI companies in the United States occupied 42% of the world. In the 2012-2016 year total investment to AI, the total amount of investment in China was $2 billion 600 million, accounting for 6.6% of the world, while the total amount of investment in the United States was $17 billion 200 million, accounting for 43.4% of the world. The report also pointed out that from 2012 to July 2017, 66 of all 79 AI acquisitions were bought by American companies, and only 3 were bought by Chinese companies. In the total amount of global financing of AI startups in 2017, the total financing of Chinese companies accounted for 48% of the worlds total, and the total financing of US companies accounted for 38% of the worlds total. The report calculates that Chinas score on business index is (23+6.6+48) /3=25.9; the US score on this score is (42+43.4+38) /3=41.1. To sum up, Chinas final score is (5.8+20+16.8+25.9) /4=17.1, and the final score of the United States is (46.2+5.5+37.3+41.1) /4=32.5. The overall strength of Chinas AI is only half that of the United States. If we look at this report, Chinas AI comprehensive strength has a small gap between the United States and the United States. This gap is mainly reflected in hardware, algorithms and research, commercialization, especially the biggest gap in hardware, and China is far ahead in data. For the content of this report, domestic experts say that there is a certain gap between China and the United States in the field of AI, for example, in semiconductors and chips, there is a big gap. But in terms of overall strength, the AI gap between China and the US may not be that big, for two reasons: First, the criteria and criteria for the selection of questionable reports are not comprehensive, which is open to question. Third, experts believe that China has a strong landing ability in the commercial field, and this indicator has not been added. For example, the application of image recognition in the Chinese market has been very wide, but it is lagging behind in the United States. In any case, the report points out where Chinas gap with the United States is in AI, however, we need to face these gaps and try to catch up. Those who say Chinas AI power is catching up with the United States is still going to show off when Chinas AI strength really surpasses the US. Finally, if you want to read the original report, you can reply to the Oxford report in the NetEase intelligent public address, that is, it can be obtained. Https://www.fhi.ox.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/Deciphering_Chinas_AI-Dream.pdf focuses on the NetEase smart public (smartman163), for you to read the big events in the AI field, new ideas and new applications. Source: NetEase intelligent editor: Ding Guang Sheng _NT1941 In any case, the report points out where Chinas gap with the United States is in AI, however, we need to face these gaps and try to catch up. Those who say Chinas AI power is catching up with the United States is still going to show off when Chinas AI strength really surpasses the US. Finally, if you want to read the original report, you can reply to the Oxford report in the NetEase intelligent public address, that is, it can be obtained. Report: https://www.fhi.ox.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/Deciphering_Chinas_AI-Dream.pdf