Comrade Buch is my respected leader and teacher. In 80s of last century, when he was president of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, I worked in the Party committee of tumat Right Banner. I was honored to be recognized as my predecessor because of my job. When I went to the Autonomous Region Party committee in 1999, I often heard the teachings of Comrade Buch, vice chairman of the Standing Committee of the National Peoples Congress. When Comrade Buch retired from the leadership post to visit Inner Mongolia, I accompanied him several times, and I talked and talked deeply. In 2006, my first collection of poetry, Si Xu and Shi Xu, was published by Comrade Buch as a preface. After I retired, I organized the Inner Mongolia Chi Chuan Culture Research Society and got the enthusiastic guidance from Comrade Buch. In May 2016, I went to Beijing to report to him on the work of the Research Council and to consult Ulavs hometowns revolutionary facts. The nine - year old elderly people talked more than two hours. We collated the conversation of the old man and published it in the Journal of Chi Lai Chuan culture. It never occurred to us that this is our last meeting. Comrade Buch died in Beijing in May 5, 2017. The author (left) and Buch at the Ulav Memorial Comrade Buchs life is a life of revolution and a glorious life. During his 70 years of revolutionary career, he unremittingly pursued truth, persevered in the ideal of communism, loyal to the party and the people, remained highly consistent with the Party Central Committee in Ideological and political action, and served the cause of revolution, construction and Reform in China. A lifetime of energy. His realm of mind, magnanimity, foresight and cultural accomplishment leave us with a very deep memory. In particular, he studied Marxs national theory, creatively carried out the partys national theory and national policy, persisted in the correct way to solve the national problems with Chinese characteristics, and made a great deal of fruitful work for the reunification of the motherland, national unity, stability of the border areas and the prosperity of the national culture. The book has left precious spiritual wealth for the cadres and masses of all ethnic groups working in ethnic minority areas. 1. Persisting in adhering to the partys national theory and national policy Comrade Buch is the eldest son of Ulav, the older generation proletarian revolutionist. He was born in March 1926 in the village of tumse, Inner Mongolia. TBU, Mongolias meaning is Five, the village name originates from the ancestors of Comrade Buch who lived here in the early Qing Dynasty and the four families of the Han people who settled here walk west mouth. At that time, there were five families, so called TBU village. After the founding of new China, the village developed to hundreds of families, and the Mongolian and Han nationalities were united and helpful. In 1965, according to the Secretary of the Party committee of the autonomous region and chairman of the autonomous region, Ulav proposed that the village name was changed to the Tarba, and the Mongolia language of the race was good, giving the new meaning to the national unity five good. Comrade Buchs youth was the age of social turbulence, hunger and cold, and no livelihood for the people. However, the villagers of the good and honest village of taboo were deeply impressed by Comrade Buch. In the early winter of 1931, the Kuomintang cavalry went to the village of Dabu to search for Ulav, who was engaged in the underground revolutionary struggle, grabbed Buch and forced him to say Ulavs whereabouts, or he would die. At this point in life and death, a Han nationality neighbor came forward and hugged Buch and said, this is my child! and made him escape. This made Comrade Buch understand that Mongolia and Han nationality is a family. In October 1937, the Japanese invaders occupied Guizi (now Hohhot), and the laboring masses in the area of tokkam were even worse. Ulav, who was engaged in the underground struggle, often told the villagers and their children that only the unity of all ethnic groups could not be dishonored by foreign enemies, so that the thought of national unity was rooted in the heart of Buchs young years. In 1939, comrade Buch, who was only 13 years old, went to Yanan of the revolutionary holy land. He first studied in the Mongolia youth team of the Northern Shaanxi public school and transferred to the newly established Yanan Nationalities Institute in September 1941. Chairman Mao inscribed the two words unity and the school song of Yanan Nationalities College: Han, Manchu, Mongolia, Hui, Tibet, Miao and Yi are closely united. We must hold high the banner of the national revolution and move towards a new China with equality, happiness and unity among all nationalities. The moment inspired Buchs teenage mind. In July 1942, comrade Buch, 16 years old, joined the Communist Party of China honorably. In the article Yanan water moistens our growth, he wrote: at that time, the young people from all over the country joined together for the common ideal of national liberation. In spite of the different accents and different national languages, with the same wish, the road ahead to victory in the same direction, along the same path, from the moment I entered the party, we not only shoulder the responsibility of national liberation, but the party also endowed us with socialism and communism. The historical mission. Since then, comrade Buch has been studying at the National College of Yanan University, Dingbian three side public school of nationalities, and Yimeng Cheng Chuan nationality college. He worked tirelessly and perseveringly in learning Marx doctrine and our partys national theory and policy, and the thought of national unity and progress was constantly sublimated. At the beginning of 1946, comrade Buch returned to Inner Mongolia from Yanan to work in the Inner Mongolia autonomous movement, which was flourishing and served as the director of the Organization Department of the Federation of Inner Mongolia autonomous movements, deputy director and political instructor of the Middle School Department of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous College, the Secretary of the Party branch of the Inner Mongolia literary corps, and the deputy head of the league. In late April 1947, comrade Buch took part in the meeting of the peoples representatives of the Inner Mongolia in Wang Ye Temple (now Ulanhot City, Inner Mongolia), and was declared to be established in May 1st by the autonomous government of Inner Mongolia. He once said deeply, to look back on the course of building the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region as a raging fire, and the successful practice of every major decision, not only under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, to the maximum unity of all those who can unite, and the result of the common struggle. After the founding of new China, comrade Buch worked in several posts in Inner Mongolia. From 1983 to 1993, he was the Deputy Secretary of the Party committee of the autonomous region and the chairman of the autonomous region for 10 years. He persisted in his study and publicity of the partys national theory, carried out the partys national policy, summed up the experience of the national work in Inner Mongolia, and promoted the work of national unity and progress. In 1987, the book published by Comrade Buch as the chief editor of the Marx doctrine national theory and the partys national policy was published, and became one of the teaching materials for the students of Inner Mongolia colleges and universities and the masses of cadres to learn the national theory. It also has a wide impact on the whole country. In March 1990, comrade Buch, in the article on Several Issues on further strengthening national unity, summed up the fine traditions of Inner Mongolias national unity as the tradition of loving the party, maintaining the reunification of the motherland and opposing the split; the tradition of mutual trust, mutual suffering and close cooperation; mutual trust, mutual respect, mutual support and mutual support. The tradition of loving each other, helping each other, learning from each other, caring for each other and understanding each other. In September 1994, comrade Buch, in his speech at the 10th Anniversary Symposium Commemorating the promulgation and implementation of the national regional autonomy law, pointed out clearly that the Chinese Communist Party, a unified, populous and multiethnic country such as China, only represents the fundamental interests of the people of all ethnic groups, and can lead the people of all ethnic groups to establish and develop peace. Socialist national relations such as equality, solidarity and mutual assistance can realize the common prosperity of all nationalities while realizing the prosperity and strength of the country. At the beginning of 2017, comrade Buch, at the age of 91, published the significance and Enlightenment of the victory of the Inner Mongolia autonomy movement from the high level of history - the Communist Party led by the Communist Party of China, in the first issue of the study of the history of the Communist Party of China. This article systematically reviewed the early Inner Mongolia revolutionary movement, the struggle during the Anti Japanese War, the exploration and struggle after the victory of the Anti Japanese War, the historical contribution of the Inner Mongolia peoples armed forces, weakened the feudal system and the social change in the pastoral area, and realized the major revolution and construction of the Inner Mongolia unified autonomous region. In the concluding remarks, comrade Buch wrote: realizing the complete liberation of the Inner Mongolia people and realizing the unified regional autonomy in Inner Mongolia is of great significance and far-reaching influence. It has not only made the Inner Mongolia nation end the history of being divided and poor and backward, and embarked on a bright road of unity, prosperity and happiness, creating a new historical process, and setting an example for the basic policy of national regional autonomy as a solution to the national problems of our country after the founding of the new China. Comrade Buch said with full feelings: the strongest voice of the general secretary Xi Jinping to maintain national unity and national unity is a powerful call to all the Chinese people to exhilarate the national spirit. It is also a solemn warning to all kinds of separatists. In the new situation, we should not forget the first heart, that is, to inherit the patriotic spirit of carrying forward the ancestors to maintain the reunification of the motherland and the unity of the nation, and to continue to move forward is to unite more closely with the Central Party Central Committee of Comrade Xi Jinping, to create a more brilliant future in the new long march of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese dream of the Chinese nation. It showed that Comrade Buch, as an outstanding leader of the national work, maintained the reunification of the motherland, promoted the unity of the nation, practise the firm belief in the partys national theory and policy and the feelings of dedication to the work of the nation. Two. We should strive to promote national unity and progress and national cultural prosperity. In the Cultural Revolution, Buch and his family were brutally persecuted. But he has stood the severe test and has always been loyal to the party and peoples cause. After resuming his work in 1974, he was successively appointed Deputy Minister of Propaganda Department of Autonomous Region Party committee, minister, standing committee of Autonomous Region Party committee, deputy director of national national affairs committee, first secretary and mayor of Hohhot municipal Party committee. After the party was held in the third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee in December 1978, comrade Buch led the Hohhot municipal Party committee and the municipal government to completely counter all kinds of wrongful and false cases, guided the wounds of the ten years of unrest to the ethnic groups, carried out the policies of the party and properly solved many of the problems left over by the history. It has promoted the national unity and social stability of the whole city. After serving as chairman of the autonomous region, comrade Buch always adhered to the unified leadership of the Party committee, combined with the reality of Inner Mongolia, fully exerts the functions of the government, and actively explored the way for the development of the border minority areas. He went deep into the grass-roots, investigated and studied the mountains and rivers of more than 100 counties and counties of the whole region. He went to the felt bags of the Mongolian and Han nationalities. He has always held the national work of the whole region on his hand, and repeatedly stressed that Inner Mongolia is a multi-ethnic border area. If the problem of national unity is not handled well, the society is unstable and nothing can be done. The Mongolian cadres should get along well with the cadres of the Han nationality and cooperate with each other in order to jointly carry out the reform and opening up and modernization drive of Inner Mongolia. Under his advocacy, in September 1983, the Autonomous Region Party committee and government first convened the advanced collective and advanced individual recognition commendation conference of national unity. Since then, the national commendation Conference on national unity and progress has been held every 5 years, and by 2017, there have been 9 convening sessions. From 1984 onwards, the autonomous region will be designated as the national unity and progress month of September each year, and it will continue for 34 years in 2017. National unity has promoted the reform and opening up of Inner Mongolia and promoted the economic and social development of the whole region. In 1992, before the work of the Standing Committee of the National Peoples Congress, the total output of Inner Mongolia was 42 billion 168 million yuan, the total grain output reached 20 billion 940 million jin, and the grain self-sufficiency target was realized three years ahead of time, and the history of grain transfer to the province since 1969 was completed. In animal husbandry, the number of livestock reached 55 million 580 thousand, the best in history and remarkable achievements. Comrade Buch has been highly concerned about the cause of national culture for a long time, and has made outstanding contributions to the prosperity of our national culture. During the period of the Yanan National Academy of nationalities, comrade Buch participated in the colleges literary and artistic propaganda team, wrote poems and short articles, propagated Chairman Maos spirit of speech at the Yanan Forum on literary and art work, and went deep into Jiefang Districts performances, such as catching the mule and horse meeting, going to the Eight Route Army, going to the good place, resistance and so on in Mongolia. . In March 1946, comrade Buch returned to work in Inner Mongolia, serving as a teacher of the Inner Mongolia Institute of autonomy (Chifeng), the captain of the amateur literary and art propaganda team, the head of the League of literary works, and the Secretary and deputy head of the Party branch of the Inner Mongolia cultural Corps. Under difficult conditions, he wrote many Mongolian Chinese programs and went on to perform in Jiefang District. On the day of the establishment of the Inner Mongolia autonomous government, the ensemble performed many wonderful programs, which greatly encouraged all the delegates. It was later ordered to go to Harbin and Shenyang to consolate the performance, and to attend the first plenary session of the Chinese peoples Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) and the celebrations of the opening ceremony of the Chinese peoples Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), and received by Chairman Mao and other party and state leaders. During this period, comrade Buch, as a consultant, participated in the filming of the film Inner Mongolia spring, which reflected the revolutionary struggle of the people of Inner Mongolia, the film Inner Mongolia spring, starred by the Mongolian performers. This is the first film of the ethnic minorities in the new China, and then, according to Chairman Mao, the title is changed to the victory of the people of Inner Mongolia. In 1953, the Inner Mongolia literary troupe was changed to a national opera and dance troupe. Comrade Buch served as head of the group. From September to December, he took part in the delegation of the third national condolences of the volunteer army, and the rate of three groups went to the front to consolate the performance, which greatly stimulated the vigorous fighting spirit of the volunteers of the volunteers. Before the Cultural Revolution from 1954 to 1966, comrade Buch was the deputy director of the the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Cultural Bureau, the party secretary and the director of the Literary Federation, the Standing Committee of the Party committee of the autonomous region, and the Secretary and director of the Party committee of the Committee for the culture of the autonomous region. During the 12 years, he worked actively and innovating, and founded the Inner Mongolia national drama troupe, Beijing Opera Troupe, drama troupe, acrobatic troupe, and founded the Inner Mongolia Museum, library, national quyi Museum, art gallery, storytelling Museum, exhibition hall, Ulam Chartres (red Theatre), art school, film studio, to make the whole area literature, Music, dance, drama, music, film and other fields are colorful, and a large number of famous literary and artistic masterpieces and excellent works have emerged. At the same time, various kinds of mass cultural activities are becoming more and more abundant. It is especially commendable that Comrade Buch directly led the formation of Inner Mongolia Ulan pastoral (Mongolias red culture task force). He looked back at the literary troupe of the year. He was both a literary and artistic propaganda team and a working team to propagandize the masses. He met the enemy or the fighting team. It was able to sing and dance, to be able to propagandize, to fight, and to be well received and praised by the masses. In order to inherit this fine tradition, comrade Buch, based on the cultural life in the half agricultural and half pastoral areas of the banner of Xilinguole Mengs Right Banner and the Zhao Wuda League (now Chifeng city), instruct the two places to set up a small literary and artistic work team, which is suitable for flow, light equipment, short, small and small, and a professional and multi skill. It also serves as propaganda, guidance and service. After promoting the experience of these two flags, Ulan pastoral rooting everywhere in the grasslands. In 1964, comrade Buch led Ulan shepherd to a performance in Beijing, and was highly praised by the party and state leaders such as Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai and Deng Xiaoping. In 1965, according to Premier Zhou Enlais instructions, comrade Buch organized 4 tours of Ulan pasture to 27 provinces and municipalities in the country. Comrade Buch said: to sum up the experience of Ulan grazing, it comes down to the point that our literature and art must adhere to the service of the people and serve socialism, deeply rooted in the masses, rooted in the soil of the nation, and reflect our great times and the voices of the people. Since the beginning of reform and opening up, the region has developed 75 teams to more than 3000, with more than 7000 performances annually. It is generally believed that the spirit of Ulan pastoral is concentrated in the grass-roots level, serving the masses, and it is worth learning from all walks of life in the whole region. In November 21, 2017, general secretary Xi Jinping sent a letter to the first Ulan Lulan rode, the first member of Inner Mongolia, on the Right Banner of the Right Banner. He praised uran rode as a flag of the national literature and art front, and encouraged to carry forward the fine tradition of uran rode in the new era, and always be the red literature and art light cavalry on the prairie. In his life, Buchs life, his writing consolation bag song and dance dramas, Uligis birthday, sending army grain, Wang Wenhuan, Begonia and so on, has been collected by Chinese Local Opera Collection and Inner Mongolia Opera Collection. He persisted in writing poetry for more than 50 years, and wrote poetry and sea travel and Buchs poetry collection. His poems are in sync with the times, eulogizing for the people. Even in the way of the wind and snow, the cold, the way to drive the front line of the disaster relief, the car is in the danger of the snow pit, and he writes the cold and the cold, the frozen snow and the ice. The road was silent and the birds were silent. The snow covered the earth, and the evening glow lightly smeared the sky. The journey is long and the days are short. The writers Association of China has held a special seminar on the book of poetry, praising his poetry for its meaning, ease, simplicity, simplicity and profound taste. Buch has practiced calligraphy for decades, and has been constantly focusing on regular script, accompanied by Li Cao, and published a collection of Buchs calligraphy. It has a dignified character, strong brush strokes, harmonious composition and elegant appeal. In 2016, comrade Buch donated more than 4000 calligraphy works he made to his hometown, Inner Mongolia, and was kept in the Inner Mongolia Museum. Comrade Buch pays great attention to the study of literary theory and literary criticism, and has published many literary theories, such as literature and art of prosperity of socialism, culture to serve farmers and herdsmen better, the new culture of building a nation, and the author of a collection of literary works of Buch, a collection of cultural work, to our nation. Cultural prosperity and development play a strong role in promoting. Three. Carrying out duties and implementing the system and regulations of regional autonomy for ethnic minorities Since March 1993, comrade Buch has continuously served as vice chairman of the eighth and Ninth NPC Standing Committee, and has worked with the National Peoples Congress of the National Peoples Congress and the agricultural and Rural Committee. In the past 10 years, he used to unite the comrades and do good, abide by the law, study hard, keep up with the times, keep up with the times, to pass on the generation from generation to generation, and to realize the ideal with the comrades of the peoples Congress. He always adheres to the partys leadership, the peoples ownership and the organic unity of the rule of law, and the correct way to solve the national problems with Chinese characteristics, and actively promote the implementation of the national regional autonomy system. In August 1997, comrade Buch stressed in the article basic principles, policies, experiences and tasks on solving national problems: national regional autonomy system is a basic political system in our country, which not only embodies a major characteristic of socialist national politics, but also an important political guarantee for building socialism with Chinese characteristics. Barrier. He summed up the six basic experiences of the implementation of the system of regional autonomy for ethnic minorities in China in the past 50 years: the most fundamental is to adhere to the leadership of the Communist Party of China, adhere to the principle of unity and autonomy, strengthen the construction of the socialist national legal system, accelerate the development of the economy of the ethnic autonomous areas, vigorously cultivate the cadres of ethnic minorities, and adhere to the politics of all ethnic groups. On the basis of economic and cultural characteristics. In March 1998, comrade Buch put forward in the article studying the theory of the national problems of Deng Xiaoping and promoting the economic and social development of ethnic regions, we put forward that we should attach importance to the national problems and attach importance to the problems of national economic and social development from the long-term stability of the country and the prosperity and prosperity of all ethnic groups, and to make a national reform policy, and must be from the people. In order to ensure the support and help of the state, the ethnic areas should further emancipate their minds and gradually realize the transformation from the traditional planned economic system to the socialist market economy system, from the extensive economic growth mode to the intensive type. Under the active promotion of Buch, the twentieth meeting of the Standing Committee of the National Peoples Congress (NPC) in February 2001 revised the law of Peoples Republic of China national regional autonomy issued in 1984, making this important law more adaptable to the national conditions of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new century. Comrade Buch often penetrated into the five major autonomous regions and the national autonomous prefectures and autonomous counties (flags) to investigate and study the development of the economic and social culture of the ethnic regions, the implementation of the strategy for the development of the western region, the training of the cadres of ethnic minorities, the use and development of ethnic language and characters. He personally wrote a number of well - informed research reports, summed up the new experience in the promotion of national work, and promoted the improvement of national work policy and the proper handling of practical problems. At the same time, in accordance with the constitution of the Peoples Republic of China and the law on regional autonomy for ethnic minorities in Peoples Republic of China, the autonomous areas are carefully guided to formulate autonomous regulations, single line regulations, and improve the system of local laws and regulations. Comrade Buch is more concerned about Inner Mongolias ethnic work and has visited Inner Mongolia for many times. He earnestly hopes that Inner Mongolia should seize the opportunity of historical development and implement the opportunities for the development of the west, deepen the reform and open up and accelerate the development of economy, society and culture. In particular, we should protect grasslands and forests and provide important ecological protection for Inner Mongolia and the whole country. In May 1, 1997, it was the 50th anniversary anniversary of the founding of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Comrade Buch wrote a commemorative article, welcome the new historical leap, reviewed the development process and great achievements of the autonomous region for half a century, summed up the basic experience of Inner Mongolias long-term development, and looked forward confidently to the future development prospects. . Later, he wrote the article persisting in the system of regional ethnic autonomy and promoting national unity and prosperity published in the peoples daily in July 22nd of that year. The article emphasizes that the system of ethnic regional autonomy is an important political system in China, and Inner Mongolia is the first place to begin the implementation of the system of regional autonomy under the leadership of the Communist Party of China. It is of great significance to carefully summarize the experience of ethnic regional autonomy in Inner Mongolia, to further adhere to and perfect the system of ethnic regional autonomy, to promote the overall economic and social development of ethnic autonomous areas and to maintain the socialist national relations of equality, unity and mutual assistance. The article summarizes the five basic experiences of Inner Mongolias adhering to the system of national regional autonomy: it is necessary to strengthen the leadership of the party; it must be centered on economic construction; the great unity of all ethnic groups must be strengthened; the cadres of ethnic minorities must be cultivated vigorously; and the construction of national legal system must be strengthened. During the establishment of Daqing for 50 years in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, comrade Buch, as the deputy head of the central delegation, joined the people of all ethnic groups in Inner Mongolia to celebrate this glorious Festival. At the same time, an important speech was made at the fifth national unity and progress commendation conference held jointly by the National Committee of the National Peoples Committee and the the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. It was pointed out that the commendation of national unity and progress is a pioneering work of the people of all ethnic groups in the great practice of building socialism with Chinese characteristics and the building of a socialist spiritual civilization. The important part of the plan is of great significance for strengthening the great unity of all nationalities and realizing the common prosperity of all nationalities. He stressed that the development of national unity and progress commendation activities must take national unity as a prominent theme, and must promote the development of economic and cultural undertakings as a fundamental purpose. At the end of the main celebrations in the capital of the autonomous region, comrade Buch sent the central delegation to Xingan Meng to condolence to the establishment of the Inner Mongolia autonomous government, giving the people of the revolutionary old areas the concern of the party and the government. After leaving the leadership position, comrade Buch still pays attention to the reform and opening up of our country and the development of the ethnic areas, and is concerned about the lives of the people of all ethnic groups in our country. It is deeply respected and loved by the masses of cadres and enjoys high prestige among the people of all ethnic groups. His revolutionary spirit, good moral character, lofty demeanor and love of his son always inspire posterity. In his speech on Inner Mongolias work in January 29, 2014, general secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that we should always hold high the banner of national unity, uphold and carry forward the good traditions of the hearts and hands of all ethnic groups, carry out the propaganda and education of national unity and progress, and do a good job of national work. The nineteen major party of the party portrays a grand blueprint for the development of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, and further clarifies the goal and task of adhering to the national regional autonomy system and carrying out the national regional autonomy law. Comrade Buch, as a leader of the national minority, loves the work of the nation, works well for the national work and sets an example for the future generations, and is a model for us to learn forever. We must closely unite around the Central Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, guided by the socialist ideology of the Chinese characteristics of the new era of Xi Jinping, not forgetting the initial heart, keeping in mind the mission, keeping the hope of helping each other, uniting and striving for the fine tradition of the model autonomous region, inheriting Comrade Buchs remains, and constantly compose the construction Brilliant chapter of Inner Mongolia, the great Chinese dream, let the Chinese characteristic regional autonomy system shine forever.