What do you feel about living in a new NASA spacecraft? Crowding, vertigo is still dangerous

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 What do you feel about living in a new NASA spacecraft? Crowding, vertigo is still dangerous


(Figure): the artist envisions the Orion spacecraft returning to the atmosphere. Almost 60 years later, similar scenes are being staged at Houston. Currently, astronauts are negotiating with engineers on the final interior design and control system of the NASAs new four - man Orion spacecraft (Orion). In 2014, the first spaceship without crew was tested and manned flight is expected to take place in the next 5 years. Today, the role of John Glenn (JohnGlenn) is held by the former submarine commander and the veteran Steve Bowen (SteveBowen) who has carried out the three space shuttle mission. When asked about the first impression of the Orion spacecraft, he said: its really very narrow. Its really crowded for four people, and the two people behind can only see the seat floor of the pilot and the commander. On the surface, the Orion spacecraft looks like a Apollo spacecraft carrying three astronauts to the moon. It has a conical shape and a insulation layer that protects the circular surface, but the new spacecraft is much larger, but it still needs to be installed at the top of the rocket. Apollos mission lasted only a few days and took a walk on the moon, and the task of Orion would last for at least three weeks, and the astronauts could not leave the spacecraft. (Figure): NASA has built a model to test the internal condition of Orion spacecraft. Bowen spent most of his career in a closed environment. He said, I dont know if these four people can stretch their limbs comfortably at the same time. But this is something weve been through before. I dont think it cant be achieved. You have to make sure that you are used to the narrow space. Besides crew and control personnel, engineers also need to fill in the kitchen, entertainment places and toilets. Bowen said: we can make some adjustments, such as seat configuration. Once this is done, we will be able to better understand our living area and how we will operate in it. In spite of the long-term mission of Mars, there is almost certainly an additional living room, but the early Orion spacecraft has a total of 9 cubic meters of space, a place for astronauts to work, sleep, exercise and relax. Imagine that its like spending a few weeks and three colleagues living in a small room with toilets, but thats all happening in space. At some point in the future, we are going to get into the final design stage, which will give us a definite opportunity to tell us how to live in a spacecraft for several weeks, Bowen said. I dont think anyone thinks its very spacious, but I have not heard anyone complain about being too narrow. In addition to helping design the inside of the spacecraft, astronauts also participated in the launch and landing test procedures. For example, one of the biggest criticisms of the space shuttle (except for the early two person flight) is that if the rocket exploded during launch, there would be no escape system. In 1986, the Challenger spaceship disintegrated shortly after take-off, killing all 7 of its crew members. The Orion spacecraft will be launched by NASAs new giant rocket SLS. Like the Apollo, Orion spacecraft will also install small escape rockets above the capsule, so that the space capsule is far away from the faulty launcher. (photo): the spacecraft will be launched by NASAs SLS rocket, which has not yet been launched. Bowen said: in the next few months, the suspension of system testing will start, which is really exciting. We are also studying any problems in flight so that crew members can get more escape opportunities. When astronauts and spacecraft return to earth, Bowens submarine experience is particularly useful in helping to find them, which may be one of the most dangerous stages of any task. The shuttle can land on the runway, and the Orion spacecraft will enter the atmosphere at a speed of 11 kilometers per second and drop through the parachute and eventually spatter into the sea. Bowen was recently responsible for NASAs Orion Spacecraft Recovery Test on the coast of California. He said: the spaceship does not have a keel, nor does it have its own propulsion. It basically falls into the sea in a rolling way. I have accumulated enough experience in the sea, and I have seen that the most seasoned crew members suffer from serious seasickness, which is quite likely to happen. Because the Orion spacecraft is very heavy, the navy cant hoist the capsule onto the ship by helicopter. Although a few weeks later (maybe months or years later), the crew will be desperate to leave the ship, and they may have to wait inside to minimize the risk of drowning. Eventually, the spacecraft will be used in space for many years, Bowen said. If we go to Mars, the astronauts physical condition will be very different from earlier plans. So when does the problem come out of the crew? When they float on the sea, will you get them out? Or do we drag them onto the deck of the ship first and then land them on land? (photo shows: Orion spacecraft will carry 4 astronauts for several weeks of space missions). The Orion spacecraft was conceived more than 10 years ago, but with NASAs newly identified goal of returning to the moon, the plan has finally begun. With the formation of the SLS rocket and the great progress in the launch and spacecraft tests, it is a reasonable bet that the astronauts are expected to finish their maiden voyage in 2025. Last week, Bowen said, they began the first ships welding, which will be the first time in 50 years that the United States has sent humans to low earth orbit. The spaceship is being built. This is real hardware and exciting. Despite his discomfort, danger and seasickness, Bowen was willing to take advantage of the Orion spacecraft he helped develop. So, how big is his chance? Bowen explained, who knows? I stayed in the astronaut office, and my name was on the list. Ive been in the spaceship model for a while, and so far I feel good! (little) source: the editor of the NetEase technology report: Bai Xin _NT4464 The Orion spacecraft was conceived more than 10 years ago, but with NASAs newly identified goal of returning to the moon, the plan has finally begun. With the formation of the SLS rocket and the great progress in the launch and spacecraft tests, it is a reasonable bet that the astronauts are expected to finish their maiden voyage in 2025. Last week, Bowen said, they began the first ships welding, which will be the first time in 50 years that the United States has sent humans to low earth orbit. The spaceship is being built. This is real hardware and exciting. Despite his discomfort, danger and seasickness, Bowen was willing to take advantage of the Orion spacecraft he helped develop. So, how big is his chance? Who knows? said bower. I stayed in the astronaut office, and my name was on the list. Ive been in the spaceship model for some time, and I feel good so far. (small)