Hundreds of deaths caused by super dust storms in India

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 Hundreds of deaths caused by super dust storms in India


The India meteorological department says there will be worse weather next year, and the death toll is expected to continue to rise. A spokesman for Uttar Pradesh relief office warned people to be vigilant. The two hardest hit states, northern states and Rajasthan, storm caused power disruption, more than 8000 poles were knocked down, hundreds of trees were uprooted, houses were flattened, livestock died, and large blackouts and water resources were scarce. When the sand storm happens, the wind speed can reach 130 kilometers per hour, so you dont know where to hide it. The residents of the village of Khakhawali in Rajasthan said: In a few minutes, dust is gathering at a very fast speed, with visibility less than 1 millimeters, and even eyes can not be opened. The motorbike was blown away. Kitchenware and clothes seemed to have left everything. A big tree killed a 8 year old girl. A 12 year old girl was shot dead by a piece of iron wrapped in a strong wind. Many people are sleeping at home when sandstorms hit. Houses are suddenly collapsed by lightning or gale. Many people are too late to escape. The Uttar Pradesh government announced that the family members of the deceased will receive compensation of 400000 rupees (US $6000). Modi, Prime Minister of India, said in a statement on twitter that he was sad about losing his life. I have asked officials to coordinate with all government departments to help affected countries. HemantGera, who is responsible for disaster management in Rajasthan, says the storm is the worst in nearly thirty years. In summer, dust storms are common in these areas, but this kind of large-scale death is rare. The magnitude and intensity of the storm surprised everyone. Meteorologist Maher MaheshPalawat called the storm an anomaly. Over the past few years, the number of deaths caused by sandstorms has been less than a dozen. The India Stan Times said the unusually warm weather in the area could exacerbate the storm. This week, the temperature in Rajasthan reached 113 degrees Fahrenheit (45 degrees Celsius). Many meteorologists also say that the abnormal high temperature in northern India has led to the formation of this severe storm. The meteorologist said: Storm formation requires three conditions: humidity, high temperature and an airflow that pushes warm, humid air upward. Without water, the strong upward movement of air will only take away dust and cause sandstorms. However, because of the invasion of moisture, it brings thunderstorms. All the consequences are the accumulation of antecedents, and the environmental problem in India is very serious. According to the New York Times, about 1 million 100 thousand people in India have died early every year because of environmental pollution. From 1990 to 2015, the number of premature deaths caused by particulate matter in India increased by nearly 50%. Trees, agricultural waste and animal manure are the main sources of energy in India families, and almost all rural families keep the habit of storing branches, corn stalks, and cow dung. These traditional fuels account for 90% of Indias rural fuel consumption and about 1/4 of urban consumption. Automobile exhaust is another major cause of air pollution. In addition, Indias garbage disposal methods are also very backward. Burning garbage is still one of its main means. RoxyMathewKoll, a climate scientist at the India Tropical Meteorology Institute, said, in India, the temperature is very high, even if they are not driving factors, they make the climate more unstable and aggravate the extreme weather. The frequency of extreme events is increasing with global warming. This is one of the sandstorms in India. Facing the threat of dust storms is crucial to human beings. Particles not only contain sand, but also absorb artificial pollutants, poisons and biological molecules such as spores and bacteria in sports, said Professor PanayiotisYiallouros of University of Cyprus. There is now solid evidence in the scientific community that short-term exposure to sandstorms is associated with more deaths and more frequent hospitalization. In 2014, the global asthma report pointed out that there were many gaps in the statistics of respiratory diseases. But the number of people suffering from asthma worldwide is between 235 million and 334 million. If sandstorms and other air pollution problems continue to increase, the mortality rate of asthma may rise again in recent years. The source of this article: Foreign Affairs Author: Si Qi responsible editor: Li Hang _BJS4645 Facing the threat of dust storms is crucial to human beings. Professor PanayiotisYiallouros of University of Cyprus said: Particles not only contain sand, but also absorb artificial pollutants, poisons and biological molecules such as spores and bacteria in motion. There is now solid evidence in the scientific community that short-term exposure to sandstorms is associated with more deaths and more frequent hospitalization. In 2014, the global asthma report pointed out that there were many gaps in the statistics of respiratory diseases. But the number of people suffering from asthma worldwide is between 235 million and 334 million. If sandstorms and other air pollution problems continue to increase, the mortality rate of asthma may rise again in recent years.