[NetEase intelligence May 4th] we are about to change the most fundamental component of a society: manufacturing. The development of new technology has laid the foundation for manufacturers to achieve product customization. These agents are rapidly helping consumers transform into inventors. About 5000 years ago, after the agricultural revolution, mankind promoted the vigorous development of society by specialized production, and the entire human society has made great breakthroughs. For each individual, it is meaningless to make daily goods and bear the cost of corresponding production equipment. So soon, we saw shoemaker, carpenter, silver Smith and tailor near us to do these things. Fast forward thousands of years, big companies have created huge new product lines and expanded production. Now, we can use the assembly line, the lab driven giant machine, the manual operation machine and so on to achieve the duplication of similar products. But today, technological convergence is ending the cycle of history. Although we used to specializes in manufacturing capacity and tool availability, these limitations will disappear. With the emergence of 3D print farms (3Dprintingfarms), intelligent factories, and automated cooperative robots, concepts are converted into reality overnight, and we will witness the three major paradigm shifts: 1. Mass Customization: as the fixed cost in the production field begins to turn to variable costs, the company will no longer produce millions of identical products or components. Customer data driven design makes it possible to customize goods, and one-time production will become cheaper. 2. popular invention and creation: incubator studio (Incubatorstudios) and manufacturing equipment laboratory (fabricationequipmentlabs) deserve our attention. These urban workshops, with artificial intelligence assisted robots and 3D printers, can turn your digital design into reality overnight. These devices are a new test application platform, providing auxiliary and directional guidance for design. Forget about operating costs, manufacturing equipment, prototypes, tools and remote manufacturing plants. Whether internal or outsourcing, design to production technology allows anyone to invent. 3. intelligent and automatic chemical plant: has a factory that meets production quota? The industrial Internet of things (IIoT) and intelligent factories are leading a new era of independent production, which means the recall risk is reduced to a minimum, and the enterprise can freely design and expand the product line. Mass customization Technology integration has enabled start-ups and enterprises to personalize product manufacturing on an unprecedented scale. The idea of Autodesk is that AI will turn from pure automatic production to product customization to meet individual needs. But perhaps the biggest factor driving mass customization is 3D printing. Coupled with massive consumer data and artificial intelligence, millions of disposable custom products have flooded the market. 3D printing was previously a niche market, and the price was prohibitive. This year has reached an exponential growth stage. In 2015, the scale of the manufacturing industry increased to nearly $5 billion 200 million, and 3D printers exceeding 25 million of the unit price were less than 5000 US dollars. IDC analysts predict that by 2021, global spending on 3D printing will be close to $20 billion. With the latest design software, we can customize anatomical scaffolding, personalized dental products, adaptive aircraft and auto parts, or micro manufacturing products, such as sensors, drug delivery techniques, and laboratory chip applications. In the past year, Carbon3D and Adidas have launched their first version: applying specific sports data and personal buffering preferences to 3D printing to provide a perfect medium for each runner. Carbon3D can control product elasticity, strength, weight ratio and countless other mechanical and material properties. But the printing method is more than that. In a previous article, we talked about MX3D, a Holland company whose printed steel bridge has excellent structural integrity. MX3D is also using its six axis manipulator to print 3D ArcBicycle bicycles. This is a futuristic bicycle with steel frame. The biggest breakthrough in the manufacturing process may be MX3Ds multi axis printing capability, which can print any direction in mid air. Traditional 3D printing requires some form of object support, and multi - axis printing almost completely eliminates this dependency, making it possible for an incredible new structure to be made. But it doesnt stop there. In the past, smart products and electronic products had to be embedded into the circuit manually. Its not now. By using conductive ink, new players can directly print circuits into their products. In this new era of customized and on-demand customization of electronic products, start-ups such as NanoDimension and Voxel8 use conductive ink to print advanced circuits. Based on the high thermal stability and the thickness of several microns, the continuous development of conductive ink may have a revolutionary impact on hardware production. Forget the lengthy design process, multi-stage prototyping, expensive tools and unified production. In the case of a linear decline in cost, 3D printing will take us from design to production, where the design becomes adaptable, and production will increase in magnitude. Popular invention In 6Ds index growth (6Dsofexponentialgrowth), when an accessible user interface appears, a technology will increase exponentially. The public platform (Democratizedplatforms) is the name of the game. With the new CAD design software and the easy-to-use interface, everyone can become an inventor. Although cheap and advanced 3D printers will enter thousands of households, a new ecosystem is emerging in the city center - hardware studios and accelerators. By working with digital startups and designers, companies like PlaygroundGlobal and LulzBot are growing to provide real building space and manufacturing capabilities for unconstrained entrepreneurs. AndyRubin, the founder of the Android mobile operating system, hopes to solve substantive constraints such as engineering, manufacturing, supply chain management and distribution with PlaygroundGlobalLLC. Flexs LabIX provides internal expertise in exchange for small shares, helping dozens of start-ups developing transformational technologies - such as UAV Systems, ultra-thin batteries and sensors that make your brain calm or active. Big companies like 3DSystems and Stratasys are also embracing distributed manufacturing. Stratasys provides modular 3D printers with its continuously built 3D demonstration device, all of which are carried out through cloud based architecture. Although Vc firm like Bolt uses similar prototype equipment labs to support start-ups entering YCombinator and other accelerators, Kickstarter and other public websites want to help entrepreneurs through initial financing. With Internet connections covering the world, when it comes to emerging demand, I ask: what do these new consumers want? Now we can ask: what will new inventors build today? With the dramatic decline in the cost of distributed manufacturing and automated manufacturing, we will see the explosive growth of innovative designs. Intelligent and automatic chemical plant Industrial Internet of things, artificial intelligence, collaborative robots, and Li-Fi are the next frontiers for old companies with high output quotas. You have heard of the Internet of things, through the device connection, intelligent products can achieve seamless communication and automation. But what is more suitable for intelligent products than intelligent factories? As new sensors, machine learning tools and UAVs enter the market, manufacturing equipment can not only instantly correct errors, but production also meets the changing needs in real time. As a leading enterprise in the field of industrial IOT, TE interconnection is one of many sensors used to communicate data between devices and intelligent devices. TEs products are aimed at various fields from medical to electrical, aerospace and defense industries, making communication between machines and machines possible. In the long run, they want to provide factories that can adapt to workflow in real time. In more remote areas, machines are especially liberating to machines because they enable decentralized data transmission between intelligent robots. Companies like Filament are promoting this movement with low-power industrial sensors and block chains. Others, such as the Kepler communications (KeplerCommunications), use satellite based solutions to cope with isolated production plants and use space based communication networks to assist industrial sensors. In order to eliminate the risk of recall, for large manufacturers, it is one of the most expensive and terrible disasters - new players will also bring artificial intelligence. The Silicon Valley - based venture company land.ai now produces machine vision tools that can find tiny flaws in circuit boards and products that are hidden outside our visual range. With accurate field quality analysis, errors will be conveyed immediately, and the IIoT-connected machine can stop any output before it becomes a burden. But what about a defective machine? However, when cloud connected collaborative machines start self-management, how can we prevent fully automated factories from running in darkness or without heating? Equipped with 9 3D printers and a huge mechanical arm, Voodoo manufacturing is interfering with 24/7/365 production with Skywalker (ProjectSkywalker) project. When Voodoos 3D printing farm keeps printing parts, a general robot UR10 arm unloads the product according to instructions. After a turbocharging (TurboBoost), Voodoos CPOJonathanSchwartz explains, according to the cluster of our 9 printers, it is now estimated that one single arm will be able to handle about 100 printers. We saw the amazing integration of 3D printers, collaborative 3D printing farms, collaborative robots, 3D printers, and 3D printers for manufacturing robots. And this is just the beginning. The last idea Although many people worry that pure automation and smart manufacturing will bring losses to the job market, popular tools and unmaterialized companies will enable anyone to succeed in inventions. This means the rise of individual operators, the products needed for the creation of creative thinking, and the customized and customized products are built at a record speed, and the economic scale is flourishing. We see a rapidly developing software industry, which brings millions of job opportunities and excellent services to our economy. With the physical limitations of manufacturing vanishing, design platforms are everywhere, and we will usher in the second boom. (selected from: singularityhub Author: PeterH.Diamandis compilation: NetEase intelligence participation: nariiy) focusing on the NetEase intelligent public number (smartman163) for you to interpret the big events in the AI field, new ideas and new applications. Source: NetEase intelligent editor: Ding Guang Sheng _NT1941 We see a rapidly developing software industry, which brings millions of job opportunities and excellent services to our economy. With the physical limitations of manufacturing vanishing, design platforms are everywhere, and we will usher in the second boom. (selected from: singularityhub Author: PeterH.Diamandis compilation: NetEase intelligent participation: nariiy) Pay attention to NetEase intelligent public address (smartman163), to interpret the big events, new ideas and new applications of large companies in AI field.