The pictures of the the Imperial Palace museum are all from the Nanjing issue WeChat public address. In May 2nd, the Nanjing Qinhuai district held the national tourism demonstration area construction promotion conference. It was revealed that the Southern new town had to build the Museum of the Imperial Palace south migration. There are many anecdotes about the story of moving southward. What kind of legends do they have behind them? Qianlong blue glaze painted gold pastel Qing Gao Zong Wai map to the heart bottle The magic of it is that if the inner bottle is rotated, it can be seen that the brigade and horse are like animation in the landscape forest, and the 12 carvings on the interlayer of the heart can still be active. If the characters are played with the hands, they will knock, make a bow and make a lifelike under the action of the pendulum. Calligraphy and painting, porcelain, copper, bronze mirrors, bronze, jade, numerous, as well as precious documents, such as the emperor history and the imperial collection of the Qing court archives, Ming and Qing Dynasties two emperors, living notes, and the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom archives of historical materials and so on. There are all kinds of good books and books, such as four library books, as well as the five generation of the earliest printed matter in China, the trun Jing, the oldest stone carvings Qi Yang Shigu in China. The origin of the southward migration of cultural relics in the Imperial Palace After the 918 incident, the Japanese invaders swallowed the northeast, coveted North China, and eyed the the Imperial Palace relics. Staring at his baby every day is staring outsiders, that taste is not easy. So that day, the palace museum every day. Everyone is trying to figure out how to preserve the national treasure when the country is in trouble. Li Shi once kissed the inscribed board of the the Imperial Palace Museum Ma Heng, the gold stone scientist of the the Imperial Palace Museum and the deputy curator of the ancient Museum, proposed that the cultural relics were moved south. At that time, many people could not accept it. After all, the cultural relics left behind, and the cultural relics moved out. However, the cultural relics can never be a bets on the war. As long as the cultural relics are in, the root of Chinese culture will not break, the spirit of the Chinese nation will not die, and the Chinese will not be the slave of the national subjugation. Slowly, cultural relics moved southward into the mainstream of society. A tortuous road to the South Late in February 4, 1933, Wu Ying, Secretary of the the Imperial Palace Museum, and many the Imperial Palace people stayed in the Forbidden City. Thousands of boxes of national treasures were beside them, and they were waiting for an order. Cultural relics are packed and packed in the Forbidden City In the early morning of February 5th, there was heavy fire and heavy security at the entrance of the Imperial Palace, and more than 2000 boxes of the Imperial Palace national treasures were secretly leaving Beijing on this day. When he left home, his wife asked, where are you going? Wu Yingyao shook his head and said he did not know. He was not the only Secretary of the presidency who did not know. At that time, no the Imperial Palace people could tell the final fate and fate of himself and his national treasure. Concentration of porcelain before packing In the early morning of February 6th, the two trains started from Beiping west station and headed for Pukou, Nanjing. A total of 18 cars, more than two thousand wooden boxes, each wooden box affixed with seals. The opening of the train was protected by the local army along the route, with machine guns around the roof. Except for the express train, the rest of the trains must give way to the train for cultural relics. In order to prevent the Japanese bombing, the train bypass the Tianjin, from the Ping Han line to the Longhai Road and then to the Jinpu line, on the way only when adding water and coal to stop, the car stopped, the escort quickly get off, and check the seals on each train. After the train finally arrived in Pukou, it was found that because of the rush, Pukou did not find a place to preserve the cultural relics, and a month later, the cultural relics were transported to Shanghai. South migration route map The cultural relics were first transported to Shanghais French concession for temporary custody. After that, another four batches of cultural relics were transported to Shanghai, with a total of 5 batches. The cultural relics were preserved for 4 years in Shanghai. Until 1936, the Nanjing branch of the the Imperial Palace museum was formed in the imperial palace of Nanjing, and all the relics in Shanghai were moved to Nanjing in peace. Unexpectedly, these antiques have just settled in Nanjing for half a year. In 1937, the Japanese launched the August 1 three incident in Shanghai. The southward migration of ancient relics was also threatened by the Japanese War and had to move from the south, the north and the south to the rear area. The transit of cultural relics Displaced, the the Imperial Palace national treasures scattered in Anshun, Emei and Leshan were concentrated in Chongqing in 1946. In 1947, the national treasure of the Imperial Palace finally waited for the loading back to Nanjing. According to the local old man recalls, the national treasure of the Qin state period of the Shigu was transported by car, in Jiangjin Township, the driver accidentally hit a tree, the car suddenly turned, fortunately, Shigu packing solid, not damaged. After leaving Qianjiang, the car overturned again to avoid another car. The car broke down, but Shigu was still intact. More than 10000 boxes of the essence of the Imperial Palace relics, because the outbreak of Anti Japanese War forced to be transported from the Beiping, first to Nanjing, then to the southwest, three ways toss and flow, spanning twenty thousand miles, 10 years of time. How to ensure that the cultural relics are not damaged during the transportation process? Now people may not think that, in order to ensure that the cultural relics will not be damaged on the way, it takes half a year to pack the Imperial Palace people for half a year. The packaging of every cultural relic has at least 4 layers: paper, cotton, straw, wooden box, and sometimes a large iron box. This step ensures that no loss of water is lost in the course of transportation. The staff are packing the selected porcelain. The cultural relics such as porcelain, bronze and Shigu are most afraid of transportation and bumps. At that time, in order to make a good bag, the people of the Imperial Palace specially customized a batch of thick wooden boxes with long three feet, one and a half feet and a half, and learned the tricks for the boxing of cultural relics from the antique shop of Liulichang, which opened the unmoved porcelain boxes from Jingdezhen to the palace, and every 10 bowls were opened. The straw rope was tightly tied into a bundle, separated by Chaff between the bundles, and no loosening of the whole box porcelain. The box was dropped from the wall, and the porcelain inside was not damaged. After repeated air drop tests and confirmation, the seal of the government and the Beiping the Imperial Palace museum was placed outside the box. The seal was recorded on the seal. In addition, the warehouses chosen by the Imperial Palace Bao Bao people are very natural, not ancestral temples, temples, or caves. To prevent termites, the Imperial Palace people put pebbles on the bottom of the box. Termites are photophobia. The only way they can get into boxes is to build tunnels on cobblestones. Once in the morning and in the afternoon, the people of the Imperial Palace were lying on the ground two times a day, holding a flashlight to see if there was a tunnel on the cobblestones. Once the tunnel was found, a pile of boxes should be unloaded to check, dig deep pits under the pebbles, dump anti ant drug water, and then fill in the mud. Where is the cultural relic in Nanjing? In the red courtyard wall of the Imperial Palace, the east side of the mountain is carved on a stone plate, the branch of the Imperial Palace, which is the house of the palace of the Nanjing Museum, and has been hiding a lot of cultural relics in the south. There are more than 2000 boxes, more than 100 thousand pieces, and the value is quite high. The Imperial Palace branch today, in 1931, Beijing the Imperial Palace planning in Nanjing to build a repositories of storage relics, selected the position of the temple, completed in November 1936. Viewed from the outside, this warehouse is more like a strong big bunker. Out of the walls, the little windows are set inward, just like the small launch windows of the bunker. It is said that the storeroom is well equipped with special skid tracks for cultural relics. At that time, the Chao Tien Gong library was one of the most advanced cultural relics storehouses in the world, equipped with air conditioning facilities. They could not carry guns, but they carried cultural relics. They could not prevent the land from falling down, but they committed themselves to guard the endless context. The relocation of the Imperial Palace relics is a miracle in the history of the worlds cultural heritage. We hope that one day, we can appreciate the style of these relics again. Source: Nanjing issued a responsible editor: Xun Jianguo _NN7379 In 1931, the the Imperial Palace of Beijing planned to build a storehouse for cultural relics in Nanjing, and selected the location of the court. It was completed in November 1936. Viewed from the outside, this warehouse is more like a strong big bunker. Out of the walls, the little windows are set inward, just like the small launch windows of the bunker. It is said that the storeroom is well equipped with special skid tracks for cultural relics. At that time, the Chao Tien Gong library was one of the most advanced cultural relics storehouses in the world, equipped with air conditioning facilities. They could not carry guns, but they carried cultural relics. They could not prevent the land from falling down, but they committed themselves to guard the endless context. The relocation of the Imperial Palace relics is a miracle in the history of the worlds cultural heritage. We hope that one day, we can appreciate the style of these relics again.