What are the implications of expanding the soybean planting area in Northeast China?

category:Society
 What are the implications of expanding the soybean planting area in Northeast China?


The official network of the Changchun Agricultural Committee of Jilin province showed that in April 28th, the Changchun Agricultural Commission issued urgent notice on the rapid implementation of the 2018 soybean planting area, which will expand the soybean planting area as the primary political task for the current agricultural production. According to the news of the news, the Agricultural Committee of Heilongjiang province has held a special meeting to the provinces in the province in 2018 to expand the province of soybean and new cultivated land rotation pilot task table. In April 29th, Heilongjiang issued the urgent notice on expanding the soybean planting area in the whole province. Li Guoxiang, a senior researcher at the Rural Development Institute of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said in an interview with the daily economic news (nbdnews) reporter that the primary aim was to solve the structural contradictions in the past, the shortage of serious soybean production and marketing in the past, and the adoption of expansion. To improve the supply and demand relationship, to ease the pressure of inventory. Another goal is to reduce dependence on imported soybeans, which has a long-term significance in revitalizing the rural economy. Over the past few years, China has taken several measures to expand soybean planting area. According to the National Bureau of statistics, in 2017, the soybean sown area was 117 million mu, an increase of 8 million 710 thousand mu over the previous year, an increase of 8.1%. But it is undeniable that in recent years, Chinas soybean import growth has shown an upward trend. According to customs data, Chinas soybean imports reached 95 million 540 thousand tons in 2017, an increase of 13.9% over the previous year, a record high. In 2017, Chinas top three soybean importing countries were Brazil, the United States and Argentina, with imports of 50 million 930 thousand tons, 32 million 850 thousand tons and 6 million 580 thousand tons respectively. Customs data also showed that foreign imports of soybeans were 5 million 661 thousand and 700 tons in March 2018, down 10.51% from the same period last year. Among them, 3 million 99 thousand and 600 tons were imported from the United States, accounting for 55%, and 2 million 332 thousand and 500 tons from Brazil accounted for 41% of total imports. In April 9th, Langshan port branch of Nantong port group in Jiangsu was busy unloading Brazils imported soybeans. (source: visual China) There are many reasons for Chinas soybean dependence on imports, Li Guoxiang said. On the one hand, with the development of urbanization, the arable land is decreasing and the cultivated land resources are insufficient. On the other hand, imported soybeans are basically genetically modified soybeans with high yields. Our domestic non GM soybean yields are relatively low and do not have a price advantage. The last point is that the low level of large-scale planting of soybean in China leads to a relatively low profit of soybean farmers, which affects the enthusiasm of soybean farmers. In addition to easing domestic inventory pressure, expanding soybean planting area can also prevent the risk of international market price fluctuations, Li Guoxiang said. Because of the large import volume of domestic agricultural products, the fluctuation of unit price will lead to a big change in total price. By expanding domestic demand to meet domestic demand, we can reduce the risks arising from imports. According to information from China aquaculture network, traders revealed that last week (end of April) Brazil imported soybeans for 467 US dollars, compared with the US quoted price of 435 US dollars. The quotation of Brazil beans is really not competitive, and there is suspicion of sitting at the starting price. Bean farmers will enjoy more policy subsidies It is reported that the Heilongjiang Agricultural Commission issued the expansion of the provinces soybean planting area of emergency notice content shows, the state has reached 5 million mu of soybean area in our province this year, and on the basis of an arrangement of 11 million 500 thousand mu rotation experiment on the basis of an additional 2 million mu of cultivated land rotation experiment expansion soybean, 150 yuan per mu subsidy. The urgent notice on the rapid implementation of the 2018 soybean planting area issued by the Changchun Agricultural Committee of Jilin province emphasizes that expanding the planting area of soybean as the primary political task of current agricultural production is emphasized. However, the specific coverage area and subsidy policy were not published in the document. Data map (source: visual China) According to the news of the surging news, in April 27th, the relevant state departments held a special meeting to study the problem of adjusting the planting area to expand the planting area of soybean, and clearly put forward to expand the planting area of soybean. Heilongjiang province is one of the provinces that the state has decided to undertake. According to the public information, the soybean planting area in Heihe, Heilongjiang province accounts for about 1/6 of the total soybean area in the country, which is the largest and the highest total output of soybean in the country. According to the news network of Heihe, the city of Heihe held a conference on expanding soybean planting area and cultivated land rotation in April 30th, and conveyed the spirit of the national and provincial special meeting, and carried out the task of implementing the pilot work of expanding soybean planting area and cropland cropland in Heihe city. Li Guoxiang told the daily economic news reporter that the Heilongjiang province mentioned on the basis of the original 11 million 500 thousand mu rotation test, and added another 2 million mu rotation test. The so-called rotation, refers to the rotation of corn and soybeans cropping, in order to compensate for the loss of farmers in the year of corn, the state to participate in the pilot rotation of farmers subsidies. With the arrival of the policy of expanding seed production, farmers are expected to enjoy more policy dividends, thereby stimulating the enthusiasm of planting. The reporter learned from the Heihe Municipal Peoples government website that in April 30th, the local government held a pilot meeting to expand soybean planting area and crop rotation. The meeting requested that, in principle, the subsidy standard for soybean producers per mu is higher than that of corn producers, which is more than 100 yuan. Soybean producers earn more than 200 yuan per mu, and corn producers subsidize about 100 yuan. In 2018, the government network announced the pilot task table of soybean expansion and new cultivated land rotation, which showed that the largest area of soybean expansion in Heihe was reached to 1 million 150 thousand mu, and the experimental area of the new cultivated land rotation was 400 thousand mu. Source: Daily Economic News Editor: Xun Jianguo _NN7379 The reporter learned from the Heihe Municipal Peoples government website that in April 30th, the local government held a pilot meeting to expand soybean planting area and crop rotation. The meeting requested that, in principle, the subsidy standard for soybean producers per mu is higher than that of corn producers, which is more than 100 yuan. Soybean producers earn more than 200 yuan per mu, and corn producers subsidize about 100 yuan. In 2018, the government network announced the pilot task table of soybean expansion and new cultivated land rotation, which showed that the largest area of soybean expansion in Heihe was reached to 1 million 150 thousand mu, and the experimental area of the new cultivated land rotation was 400 thousand mu.