As in previous years, it is a headache to call a car when the year is approaching.
At 6:50 on Tuesday morning in Beijings North Five Ring Road, its not easy to call a car. Take turns calling on three platforms and place an order for more than 20 kilometers. Finally, the order was successfully placed at a price of 1.5 times.
Its better now. Its hard for drivers from other places to call in two days when they all go home. It will not be good after the year. Many foreign drivers will not come back home this time. Anyway, it is not in line with the compliance policy, and it is estimated that they will not work long. The feedback from Zhang Shifu, the driver of the online car appointment service, is that the full-time online car appointment service drivers around him have begun to transform and return to their hometown, even if few of them are willing to continue driving in the next few years.
According to a national market survey conducted by the Institute of Policy and Economics of China Information and Communication Research Institute, as of July 2018, the number of compliant network vehicles was 170,000, accounting for 0.54% of the total number of network vehicles, and the number of compliant drivers was 340,000, accounting for 1.1% of the total number of drivers.
Previous media have disclosed that nearly 31 million registered drip platform drivers, and the proportion of compliance drivers is very low, if the full cleaning of irregular vehicles, it is bound to be more than one car less, which will cause serious shortage of transport capacity.
Despite the fact that the proportion of compliance drivers on the platform has not yet been announced, on December 18, 2018, DDT publicly stated that it was overcoming difficulties, continuing and accelerating the clearance of drivers and vehicles on the platform that did not meet the requirements of the Interim Measures for the Management of Network Reservation Taxi Operations and Services, strengthening the guidance of compliance in dispatching orders, and gradually reducing the dispatch of non-compliance personnel and vehicles until the end.
On the same day, Yida also made a public announcement that in the four months ending December 18, 2018, the company had completed the liquidation of more than 500,000 irregular drivers.
Even though the 500,000 data is still a drop in the bucket for the platform, the drivers have reached the critical point where they have to make decisions.
If two or three years ago, drivers complained more about the sharp reduction of subsidies to drive cars without making money, but now these drivers are facing the question of whether to go or stay ahead of the red line of the standardized policy. Of course, some people have to sigh, If you want to stay, you cant stay.
The standardization of online car booking is the trend of the times. It helps to ensure the safety of passengers and make the market competition benign and orderly. At the same time, it is also of great significance to help the original drivers of online car appointments to get on the job with certificates as soon as possible and alleviate the difficulty of taxi.
Cartography: Jiang Haoming
Drivers forced to run away
Zhang Kai still drives his Beijing GL8.
From the beginning of 2014, he joined Yizhi. This car accompanied him through Yizhouyou, Youbu, Drop Drive and Shenzhou Premier Drive.
In the past few years, Zhang Kai has been an early businessman, earning money and taking advantage of the cheapness of the bus driver.
Like many people, Zhang Kai still remembers the good days between the end of 2014 and the Spring Festival of 2015: a smartphone, a drivers license for more than three years, a local license car with a car price of more than 100,000 RMB and a service life of less than five years. With these three basic equipments, no matter which platform is accessed, many drivers can easily enter 10,000 yuan a month and envy the brakes. Others.
At that time, all the special-purpose car companies were able to pick out the drivers with a monthly income of 230,000. At that time, subsidies were the direct driving force for many drivers.
In spite of the cost of oil, we can earn 16,000 yuan in the first month, and then the subsidy comes up. When the subsidy is more, we can get more than 20,000 yuan in one month. Zhang Kai recalled.
But such a good outlook will only remain in 2016, before dropping and advancing Chinas merger.
You know, there was an enviable 8,000 yuan per week for 80 tickets in the subsidies given to special-purpose drivers by Ubuntu in that year. At that time, the excellent drivers could earn 20,000 yuan per month only with the prizes.
However, after the merger of the two companies, the subsidy for the special vehicle platform has been sharply reduced.
After the market competition returned to rationality, the subsidy policy at the drivers end was shrinking. As a result, Zhang Kai had to make a careful calculation of the water in the car. Sometimes he would secretly change Kunlun Mountain into Master Kang, or if the passengers did not want to let it go. We have to buy the mineral water for our passengers. Although the price is cheaper than that on the market, on average, some of them will run away in vain one day.
As a matter of fact, some drivers have given up taking orders on special platforms after their subsidies have been shrinking. The most direct reason is not to make money. In the past, when subsidies were high, nearly 1,000 yuan could be earned at a peak in one evening. Now the subsidy policy is too harsh.
Wang Lifeng gave up driving a special car at that time.
As the earliest group of full-time drivers in Shenzhou, Wang Lifeng earned a minimum salary of more than 6,000 yuan at the beginning of 2015. Its easy to earn more than 10,000 yuan a month on the basis of daily receipts. Later, the base salary of the special train dropped again and again. In order to save costs, various examinations became more and more stringent. In 2017, he chose to change careers and became a coach of a 1-to-1 company in Beijing.
Because of more than two yearsexperience in driving a special car, Wang Lifengs service attitude and driving skills are still very popular among the students. Its a harvest, too. Wang Lifeng said half jokingly.
The main reason why Zhang Kai has been sticking to the platform is that his GL8 is a Beijing brand. In the Beijing market where the license plate resources are scarce, this is also his small advantage.
However, according to the previous New Deal for Special Vehicles, the individuals and vehicles of the online car registration platform must be audited. Drivers need to pass the examination to obtain the drivers qualification certificate for online car registration. Only after they have the relevant qualifications, they can go on the road to participate in the operation.
The premise of the certification is to change the vehicle into an operating vehicle, which means that the vehicle will be obligated to scrap for 8 years.
Zhang Kais car has been running for nearly five years, and it would not be worthwhile if it was forcibly scrapped for eight years. But if we dont change the vehicle into an operating vehicle, its a black car.
In 2018, Beijing Traffic Law Enforcement Team launched many attacks on black taxis and black net car appointments. According to the new regulations, the law enforcement team will detain the black cars for 30 to 60 days and impose a fine of 10,000 to 30,000 yuan on the drivers.
Such penalties are strict enough to withhold a car for 1 to 2 months. Basically, net-appointed drivers do not have to continue to work on orders. As a result, many drivers are afraid to go out to work again for fear of being checked.
At the end of 2018, Zhang Kai finally chose to give up and joined a fleet with his Beijing brand GL8. Every day, he received some business orders and rested at home when he was not alive.
Cartography: Jiang Haoming
Beijing-born drivers who are stumped by exams
In July 2016, Guiding Opinions on Deepening Reform and Promoting Healthy Development of Taxi Industry and Interim Measures for the Management of Network Reservation Taxi Operations and Services were officially released, which also made Uber finally see the legal identity which had been in the forefront of public opinion because of destructive innovation.
As a result of the new policy, the access conditions of online car are formulated by the local government, and the policy of one city, one city, one city is adopted. This also makes the compliance of online car in different cities have different standards.
Among them, Beijing requires Beijing people Beijing car, and Shanghai also requires local registered permanent residence, local license. Shenzhen, Guangzhou, Hangzhou and other places require local licenses, but not limited to local household registration, residents with residence permits can also.
However, for a long time after the new policy was issued, the online car market has remained in the grey area of the new administration. There are a large number of non-Beijing drivers and non-Beijing private cars.
Since July 1, 2018, the Beijing Municipal Regulations on the Investigation and Treatment of Illegal Passenger Transport has broken this situation, and irregular drivers have begun to reduce orders and wait-and-see.
According to the data released in 2016, less than 10,000 of the 410,000 drivers who had been activated in Shanghai at that time had local residence registration in Shanghai, accounting for about 2.4%. In Beijing, the proportion of local household registration is also very small.
According to the regulations, the legal entry of online car booking must have three certificates. That is to say, the platform of online car booking must have a business license, the vehicle must have a transport license, and the driver must obtain a practicing qualification certificate.
Among the many special-purpose car drivers, the landlord is the one who is most likely to become a compliance network contract driver.
The Post-70s homeowner, a Beijing native, had a Beijing license car that met the requirements, but finally fell on the test of the drivers qualification certificate of the Internet-appointed car.
Generally speaking, it takes about 6 steps to obtain an online car registration certificate. They are online registration - online booking - on-site confirmation and appointment - taking an examination - inquiring results - on-site obtaining an online car registration certificate. If you are a social worker applying for online car appointment, you need to take two examinations, one is the national public subjects examination, the other is the Beijing regional subjects (theory + practice), while the taxi transfer owners only need to take the Beijing regional subjects examination.
Among them, the national unified examination syllabus is implemented for subjects throughout the country, and the examination question bank is implemented according to the regulations of the Ministry of Transportation. It mainly examines traffic knowledge, laws and regulations, professional ethics, service standards and so on. It is similar to the first subject of driving licence examination.
The regional subject examination is more regional. The transportation management departments of the traffic committees of different regions will compile the examination questions according to the local regional characteristics. The regular examinations include some geographical knowledge of the main streets, ring roads, tourist attractions, business blocks, passenger stations and so on.
It is worth mentioning that English listening is also included in the regional examination in Beijing.
English listening tests are the daily expressions of the owners. The scope of the tests is simple expressions such as Good morning, Good afternoon and Its my pleasure to serve you.
But it is these simple English that stumps the master.
There was a question bank before, just memorize it by rote. Now we dont even have a question bank. The homeowner who boasts that driving is first-rate in practice, but he cant really learn English, has failed twice in the exam of the drivers qualification certificate of online appointment, and he hesitates a little whether to take the third time. Im a Beijing-born Beijing car, but I think the future policy will certainly be liberalized. Its not possible for local people to drive a special car. Thats not the same as a taxi.
Fangyu, from the northeast, is as determined to relax its policy as the homeowner. Fang Yu has a Beijing license car. Recently, he went back to his hometown in Northeast China and got the drivers qualification certificate for online dating car.
I dont know whether this certificate is useful or not. Id better wait for the nature of the vehicle transfer operation. Anyway, the household registration conditions are not good now. I have a small restaurant in Huilongguan. Now my wife is in Zhangluo. Ill go out to run a sports car if Im not busy. If I really dont, Ill go back and open a restaurant.
It is worth mentioning that in his speech on November 28, 2018, Cheng Wei, founder and CEO of Drip Travel, said that according to the requirements of the New Deal of Online Car Appointment, he would formulate a phased compliance target for cities. Up to now, three certificates of uneven online contract cars can also receive orders in dripping platforms. However, drivers generally reflect that the list of platforms will be given priority to the three-certificate online appointment car. However, it is emphasized that more investment has been made in compliance, special funds have been set up for certificate processing, full-time personnel have been organized to speed up certificate processing, driver training has been actively organized, and partners have encouraged and guided drivers to handle certificates. (Zhang Kai, Wang Lifeng and Fang Yu are aliased names.) This article is from: First Financial Responsibility Editor: Wang Fengzhi_NT2541
It is worth mentioning that in his speech on November 28, 2018, Cheng Wei, founder and CEO of Drip Travel, said that according to the requirements of the New Deal of Online Car Appointment, he would formulate a phased compliance target for cities.
Up to now, three certificates of uneven online contract cars can also receive orders in dripping platforms. However, drivers generally reflect that the list of platforms will be given priority to the three-certificate online appointment car.
However, it is emphasized that more investment has been made in compliance, special funds have been set up for certificate processing, full-time personnel have been organized to speed up certificate processing, driver training has been actively organized, and partners have encouraged and guided drivers to handle certificates.