Data released yesterday by the Beijing Bureau of Statistics and the Beijing Investigation Team of the National Bureau of Statistics show that Beijings economic performance was stable and steadily improved last year.
According to preliminary calculation, the total regional GDP of the whole city in 2018 was 3032 billion yuan, which increased by 6.6% year-on-year in terms of comparable prices, and achieved the expected annual target of about 6.5%. According to data released yesterday, the tertiary industry in Beijing contributed nearly 90% to the economy last year. The data also show that in 2018, the added value of the tertiary industry in Beijing increased by 7.3% over the previous year, which is higher than the 0.7 percentage point growth rate of the regional gross domestic product, and the contribution rate to economic growth reached 87.9%. Among them, the proportion of financial, scientific and technological services, information services and other dominant industries in the citys regional GDP for the first time exceeded 40%; the total contribution rate reached 67%, a substantial increase of 12.9 percentage points over the previous year.
Permanent Resident Population Reduced by 165,000
Negative growth for two consecutive years
According to data released yesterday, by the end of 2018, Beijings permanent population was 21542,000, a decrease of 165,000 from the end of last year, a decrease of 0.8% over the same period last year. It is understood that at the end of 2017, the number of permanent residents in Beijing decreased by 22,000 people, that is to say, the permanent population in Beijing has achieved negative growth for two consecutive years.
In terms of age composition, there are 2.266 million permanent residents aged 0-14 in Beijing, accounting for 10.5% of the citys permanent population; 15.628 million permanent residents aged 15-59, accounting for 72.6%; 36.448 million permanent residents aged 60 and over, accounting for 16.9%. In terms of urban and rural composition, the urban population is 18.634 million, and the rural population is 2.98 million. The urban population accounts for 86.5% of the permanent population in the whole city.
The data also show that in 2018, Beijing residentsincome and economic growth basically synchronized. Last year, the per capita disposable income of Beijing residents was 62,361 yuan, an increase of 9% over the previous year. After deducting the price factor, the real increase was 6.3%. At the same time, Beijing residentsconsumption continues to upgrade, and the proportion of service consumption in total consumption expenditure has reached 54.9%, which is 2.4 percentage points higher than the same period last year.
Last year, the total retail sales of social consumer goods in the city reached 117.47 billion yuan, an increase of 2.7% over the previous year. Among them, wholesale and retail enterprises above the quota realized online retail sales of 263.29 billion yuan, an increase of 10.3%, which stimulated the retail sales of the whole city to increase by 2.1 percentage points, accounting for most of the contributions. It is worth mentioning that the growth rate of catering income in Beijing last year was much higher than that of retail merchandise income, which was 7.3% and 2.2% respectively.
Sales area of commercial housing
14% year-on-year decline
Last year, the sales area of commercial housing in Beijing was 6962,000 square meters, down more than 20% from the same period last year. Among them, the sales area of residential buildings was 5.268 million square meters, down 14% from the same period last year; the sales area of office buildings and commercial buildings declined even more, reaching 30% and 53.1% respectively.
Judging from the construction of Beijing real estate market last year, the new construction area of commercial housing in the whole city fell by 6.2% compared with the same period last year, of which the new residential construction area increased by 0.6% slightly, while the construction area of office buildings and commercial commercial commercial buildings continued to decline substantially, with the declines ranging from 30% to 40%. Last year, the completed area of commercial housing in the city was 15.579 million square meters, an increase of 6.2% over the same period last year. Among them, the completed area of residential buildings increased by 21.1%, the completed area of office buildings decreased by 22.2%, and the commercial commercial housing decreased by 2.5%.
In addition, Beijings intensive in 2018 has improved efficiency and efficiency. In terms of production efficiency, in the first 11 months of last year, the labor productivity of Industrial Enterprises above Beijings scale was 448,000 yuan per person, up by 50,000 yuan per person over the same period of last year. In terms of energy utilization efficiency, the value-added energy consumption of industrial units above the scale decreased by 2.5% in 2018, and the degree of energy cleanliness has been continuously improving. The proportion of natural gas and electricity in energy consumption of industrial units above the scale has exceeded 70%, up by 3 percentage points over the same period last year.
Consumption upgrading is obvious
The economy runs smoothly
Relevant officials of the Municipal Bureau of Statistics said that in 2018, the economy of the whole city maintained a steady development trend, and the city achieved positive results in promoting reduction and intensification, transforming the driving force of development, optimizing the functions of the capital, improving the quality of the city and improving the well-being of the people.
In terms of optimizing the development space for reduction, 361 legal entities above the citys scale were closed down and relocated last year, of which 83.4% were manufacturing, wholesale and retail enterprises and accommodation and catering enterprises.
At the same time, according to the data of the Municipal Market Supervision and Administration, 88 716 new enterprises of science and technology service industry and sports entertainment industry were set up in the whole year, accounting for 48.4% of the new enterprises in the whole city.
In terms of promoting transformation and upgrading, the proportion of the added value of the new economy in GDP of the whole city remains around 1/3. Among them, the added value of high-tech industries accounts for 23% of the citys GDP, which is 0.2 percentage points higher than the previous year. The trend of consumption upgrading is more obvious. Service consumption accounts for 53.8% of the total consumption in the market and contributes more than 80% to the growth of the total consumption in the market. In addition, industrial investment in line with the citys strategic positioning has grown rapidly, and fixed assets investment in information services and science and technology services has increased by 31.2% and 7.7%, respectively.
In terms of social security, expenditure on urban and rural communities, medical and health care and family planning increased by 20.2% and 14.5% respectively, which was higher than the average level of expenditure on general public budgets. With the acceleration of the construction of social security housing, investment in social security housing increased by 44.1% in the whole year, and new construction area of social security housing accounted for 45.2%.
Source: Author of Beijing Youth Daily: Zhang Qins Responsible Editor: Han Jiapeng_NN9841