Is oseltamivir a miracle for influenza? The Health Commission issued guidelines for its use.

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 Is oseltamivir a miracle for influenza? The Health Commission issued guidelines for its use.


During last years flu outbreak, oseltamivir painted screens in circles of friends. In particular, the National Health Commission issued the Influenza Diagnosis and Treatment Program (2018 edition) recommending it for the prevention and treatment of influenza. This drug has become a darling in the eyes of doctors and patients, even in some cities, one drug is hard to find.

Today, the Beijing Municipal Health Commission said that the supply of oseltamivir in Beijing is abundant. At the same time, it reminded the general public that oseltamivir is a prescription drug that needs to be used under the guidance of doctors and should not be purchased or stored at will.

Oseltamivir is a prescription drug that requires medical guidance

Oseltamivir is not the magic drug on the internet. It is an antiviral drug, which can be used for the treatment and prevention of influenza A and B. It can inhibit the spread of virus in vivo and reduce the pathogenicity by inhibiting the further increase of the number of viruses.

It should be noted that oseltamivir is a prescription drug, which also has side effects and adverse reactions. It requires clinicians to judge whether it is suitable for use from a professional point of view. Therefore, patients should purchase and use prescriptions issued by clinicians. For individuals, annual influenza vaccination is the best way to prevent influenza; once you get influenza, you can choose the appropriate treatment plan after the doctors evaluation, and follow the doctors instructions.

Not everyone needs oseltamivir

Oseltamivir is only effective against influenza viruses, but not everyone needs oseltamivir treatment. Influenza Diagnosis and Treatment Program (2018 edition) recommended that high-risk groups of severe cases should be treated as soon as possible. Include:

Children under 5 years of age (under 2 years of age are more likely to have serious complications)

Older people over 65 years of age

And patients with the following conditions or diseases, such as chronic respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases (except hypertension), nephropathy, liver diseases, blood system diseases, nervous system and neuromuscular diseases, metabolic and endocrine system diseases, etc.

Obese population

Pregnancy and perinatal women

Other non-high-risk groups, the risk of serious complications is relatively low, oseltamivir can alleviate symptoms, shorten the course of disease, not taking most will also self-healing.

Beijing has abundant supply of oseltamivir

After Beijing entered the influenza season, the Beijing Municipal Health Commission and the Municipal Drug Administration closely cooperated, paying close attention to the market supply of antiviral drugs such as oseltamivir, and urging drug production, business enterprises and medical institutions to fully stock up to ensure clinical use.

Since the high incidence of influenza, according to the comprehensive monitoring results of influenza case information and drug supply information in Beijing, the relevant drug supply reserve can meet the clinical needs.

It is understood that the Beijing Municipal Health Commission has established a daily influenza drug information monitoring and statistics system, and established a communication linkage mechanism with the Municipal Drug Control department. Once the shortage of supply is found, it can timely warn, coordinate and coordinate to ensure the clinical demand for influenza medication.

Can oseltamivir prevent influenza?

The Influenza Diagnosis and Treatment Program (2018 edition) mentioned that anti-influenza drug prevention can not replace vaccination, but can only be used as a preventive measure for those at high risk of severe influenza who have not been vaccinated or have not been immunized after vaccination.

Two conditions should be met before preventive medication is recommended:

(1) The high-risk population mentioned above has not been vaccinated with influenza vaccine or has not been protected after vaccination;

(2) Contact with patients suspected of influenza or recent visits to public outbreak sites.

There are many problems in drug abuse.

Oseltamivir can be used for the treatment and prevention of influenza virus, but it is also prone to adverse reactions in the course of medication. The most common symptoms are gastrointestinal tract symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, stomach discomfort, etc. In addition, it is easy to cause nervous system symptoms, such as headache, and the incidence rate in minors is much higher than that in adults. In addition, oseltamivir can also lead to confused nightmares, especially in children under 16 years of age when using delirium, hallucination, self-injury and other nervous system abnormalities.

ummary

1. Influenza-like symptoms should be treated as symptomatic as possible in the hospital.

2. oseltamivir is a prescription drug for influenza and must be taken under the guidance of a doctor.

3. Do not blindly hoard influenza drugs and obtain oseltamivir from non-medical institutions.

4. It is not suitable for all groups, and recommended for high-risk groups.

Source: Yang Yi_NBJ10647, Responsible Editor of Beijing Newspaper