Mainland China has 31.64 million more males than females in the media: rural leftovers are a real crisis

category:Society
 Mainland China has 31.64 million more males than females in the media: rural leftovers are a real crisis


_Picture/Visual China.

According to the data of the National Bureau of Statistics, by the end of 2018, according to the gender structure, there were 71.35 million males and 68.87 million females, with a sex ratio of 104.64 (100 females). According to the total population, there are 31.64 million more males than females in mainland China. With 1.4 billion people, there are 30 million differences between men and women, which does not seem to be much, but what is more crucial is the age structure of the differences between men and women.

Rural young men have become the main bearers of the evil effects of gender imbalance

According to the data of the National Bureau of Statistics, the sex ratio between 60 and 64 years old is 100.03, which is the most balanced stage in China. After the 1950s, the imbalance of sex ratio gradually increased, reaching its peak at the time of birth after 00.

According to the data of the sex ratio of men and women in all age groups published by the National Bureau of Statistics in 2017, the sex ratio of men and women in the population born after 1994 has exceeded 110. Among them, the sex ratio of 20-24 years old is 110.98; that of 15-19 years old is 117.7; that of 10-14 years old is 118.46; that of 5-9 years old is 118.55; and that of 0-4 years old is 114.52.

That is to say, Chinas age imbalance is mainly concentrated in young people who are entering marriage. In the post-90s age group, the gender ratio has exceeded 110, but in the post-00s age group, it is more exaggerated. The highest sex ratio is 118.55 - about 18% of boys can not match girls of the same age.

Besides the structural problems of age revealed by statistics, there are also gender imbalance and regional structural problems among young people in China.

Nowadays, the marriage problem of high-knowledge, high-income older women and young people in cities is a common topic in social media, and occasionally there will be the issue of money explosion. After the gender data came out, there was also a joke: Why am I still single with more than 30 million men? This heated discussion is because young urban women live in cities, get more attention and have stronger topic setting ability.

In contrast, young men in rural areas who cannot marry their daughters-in-law because of poverty are outside the social perspective. Outside the mainstream vision, they are often easily overlooked by policies and countermeasures, but their ability to cause social problems is not necessarily small.

Many people think that the disparity of sex ratio between men and women is not a problem. Older women are young because women can only find men older than themselves, while men can find women of any age. The imbalance of sex ratio in their own age group only needs to go to the younger age group to find a spouse.

Needless to say, the idea that women can only find men older than themselves is very wrong. When men look for a spouse at a younger age, they will squeeze men of this age. In such a cycle, the proportion imbalance will only become more and more serious. Whats more, if you cant find a spouse among women of your age, why can you find younger women?

In fact, age squeeze does not necessarily exist. What really exists is the squeeze of wealthy and resourceful men on relatively disadvantaged young men. So, in the case of urban-rural differentiation still exists, on the whole, it is the squeeze of urban male youth on rural male youth.

Therefore, in the end, the main bearer of the consequences of gender imbalance in China is often the young men in rural areas. Its amazing that the view that boys are more important than girls is often in the countryside. So, to some extent, it is the parents of these young men in the countryside who created their present predicament at first hand.

In 2018, in Yangsimiao Village of Qinling Mountains, Shaanxi Province, the wedding photography advertisements at the head of the village seem old. Picture/Visual China

Left-behind women are a group problem, while left-behind men are a class problem.

When men reach the age of marriage, their sexual and physiological needs cannot be addressed, which may contribute to the potential growth of the sex trade industry. Besides, the demand of unmarried young men for women will also lead to the development of the industry of trafficking in women, even transnational trafficking in women, and increase the crime rate.

Older urban women often fail to get married because they are demanding and unable to meet their expectations. They will not complain about society. Left-behind women are a group problem, but not a class problem.

In contrast, because young men in rural areas can not marry their wives, they find themselves at the bottom of the society are not competitive in marriage, and they are likely to be dissatisfied, thus embarking on the criminal road of destroying society. From this point of view, leftover men are a class problem.

Therefore, Chinese society needs to be vigilant against the consequences of gender imbalance in stratum differentiation and actively respond to it.

Eliminating male preference over female is a long-term task. Urbanization and the rise of tertiary industry are conducive to this process.

According to the data of the National Bureau of Statistics, the imbalance between men and women in China has eased year by year since 2006, and the proportion of men and women has declined for 12 consecutive years. According to the data, the gap between the number of men and women decreased from 34.01 million in 2011 to 32.66 million in 2017. By the end of 2018, there were only 31.64 million more men than women in China. The recovery of this gender imbalance is precisely due to the process of economic transformation and urbanization, which makes the difference between men and women smaller, and people are no longer so persistent about childrens gender. Although it is a long-term process to change ideas and restore the proportion of population, it still needs a step-by-step effort. In the short term, the introduction of large-scale immigration and other programs to alleviate gender imbalance is obviously worth studying. Source: Author of New Beijing News: Liu Yuanju, Editor-in-Charge: Su Honghong_NBJ9980

According to the data of the National Bureau of Statistics, the imbalance between men and women in China has eased year by year since 2006, and the proportion of men and women has declined for 12 consecutive years. According to the data, the gap between the number of men and women decreased from 34.01 million in 2011 to 32.66 million in 2017. By the end of 2018, there were only 31.64 million more men than women in China. The recovery of this gender imbalance is precisely due to the process of economic transformation and urbanization, which makes the difference between men and women smaller, and people are no longer so persistent about childrens gender.

Although it is a long-term process to change ideas and restore the proportion of population, it still needs a step-by-step effort. In the short term, the introduction of large-scale immigration and other programs to alleviate gender imbalance is obviously worth studying.