Reference News Network reported on January 23 that the website of the Austrian Standard newspaper published an article entitled The Rejuvenation of Aircraft Carriers on January 21, saying that more and more countries are seeking to enter the Carrier Club.
According to the article, Russia has only one old conventional carrier, Admiral Kuznetsov, France has a nuclear-powered carrier, the United States has the largest nuclear carrier fleet in the world, and China wants a lot. The aforementioned is an aircraft carrier, a floating airport weighing tens of thousands of tons at sea. More and more countries are seeking to enter the Carrier Club. Not long ago, Japan announced that it would transform a cloud-class helicopter carrier to enable it to take off and land F-35B stealthy short-hanging fighter aircraft from the flight deck in the future. Turkey also wants to keep up with the pace and has purchased the design drawings of Spains Strategic Delivery Vessel. The number of countries developing aircraft carriers has thus reached a new high.
In the past, only a very few countries could join the Carrier Club. As is often the case in the navy, the British are the leader in this field. The aircraft carrier Huge Hundred Eyes should have helped the Royal Navy win World War I. However, this goal has not been achieved, and the Baiyan Giant was not completed until after the end of World War I (construction started in 1917, serving in September 1918). However, this idea persuaded many officers. The United States, Japan and France followed suit, investing heavily in the construction of this new type of warship.
Information Picture: Russian Navy Admiral Kuznetsov aircraft carrier. (Pictures come from the Internet)
DATA PICTURE: Britains first aircraft carrier, the Hundred Eyes Giant. (Pictures come from the Internet)
On December 7, 1941, the power of the new idea was demonstrated. Japan used six carriers to carry hundreds of fighter planes to sneak into Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, forcing the United States to join the Second World War - and laying the groundwork for its failure.
During the cold war, the number of aircraft carriers continued to decline despite the arms race in all countries. The reason is that the Soviet Union has never built a large aircraft carrier formation in the true sense (the Soviet Union has actually built three large aircraft carriers, only Admiral Kuznetsov completed in 1991, and the Moscow and Kiev class cruisers built before can only take off and land short vertical fighters and helicopters, which do not meet the standards of large western aircraft carriers. Today, the Russian Navy has only one large aircraft carrier, Marshal Kuznetsov. But this old aircraft carrier, which people like to talk about, needs to be repaired.
With the help of 11 super aircraft carriers, the United States today has the largest carrier fleet in the world. In addition, the U.S. Navy has nine helicopter carriers (Hornet class and U.S. class amphibious assault ships, this note), they can also take off and land AV-8B and F-35B short vertical take-off and landing fighters.
DATA PICTURE: Liaoning Ship Carrier Formation of the Chinese Navy. (Pictures come from the Internet)
But there is one country that will almost surpass all of the above: China. In an interview with reporters, Heinz Dieter Jopp, a German naval expert, said, The consideration behind Chinas plans is that all three of the countrys major economic centers are located in the coastal areas. It is therefore logically correct to protect these economic zones from potential threats from the sea. So its meaningful to build an aircraft carrier fleet, Yopp said.
Smaller countries such as South Korea, Turkey and Japan are also increasingly focusing on aircraft carriers as part of their navies. For Joppe, such decisions involve more prestige than military interests. Politicians often recall Clintons famous saying, Wheres the nearest carrier we have [from hot spots]? But Jopp said, I dont think this issue will make any sense in the future.
Source: Responsible Editor of Reference Message Network: Yao Wenguang_NN1682