US Amphibious Attack Ships will act as Mothership in the Great Power Conflict
After nearly 20 years of anti-terrorism war, the U.S. Army, barely adapted to anti-guerrilla warfare, began to turn its attention to national rivals. The Pentagon believes that Russia and China pose the greatest national threat to the United States and that future military expenditures will place greater emphasis on projects useful for conflicts with these major powers. To this end, the U.S. military has begun to transform from the concept of operations to military training, and even equipment development.
Developing a new concept of amphibious landing
Were talking about the U.S. Navy, which consists of 355 ships, but what if the enemy faces 30,000 ships in the future? US National Interest website 21 entitled The Ultimate Weapon of the US Navy: Mother Ship Attack? As the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps move toward a new and more powerful threat environment, future U.S. amphibious attacks may include thousands of decentralized manned and unmanned surveillance vessels, landing craft for transportable armored vehicles, mine sweepers and small attack boats, according to reports.
This new concept of ship-sea operations includes the deployment of a landing fleet consisting of decentralized but interconnected next-generation hovercraft and other small vessels. These small vessels are carried by amphibious mother ships on large decks, which are used for command and control, with sensors, long-range firepower and fifth generation air support fighters. Major General David Koffman, Secretary of Naval Expeditionary Operations of the United States, presented the idea at the Naval Surface Association Symposium. Koffman interpreted it as integrating the family of manned and unmanned combat boats into distributed naval operations.
Reported that because China and Russia now have more long-range weapons, better sensors and faster computers, amphibious forces close to the enemys coast need to be dispersed, making it more difficult for the enemy to target. Therefore, the dispersed but closely linked attack forces are not easily attacked by the enemy, and can break through the enemys defense in many ways.
To support this new concept of operations, the US Navy will develop a series of new warships, such as future air cushion landing craft, unmanned surface warships, amphibious combat vehicles, ship-borne Underwater Unmanned vessels, which will help the US Navy introduce a more effective and lethal ship-to-shore attack capability beyond visual range. The F-35 stealth fighter, carried by an amphibious attack ship, will solve the air-to-air and air-to-ground threats of the enemy, discover and destroy the enemys shore-based defense system and pave the way for landing operations.
The Seals began to transform
The American special operations forces, which have gained great popularity in the war against terrorism, are also beginning to transform. US News Reporting website reported on the 22nd that the US Seals commandos are returning to themselves. Reported that in recent years, the US Navy Special Operations Command, which commands the Seals commando team and the special combat boat forces, has quietly started national exercises and increased training with the Navy surface fleet.
It is reported that hydrology, special reconnaissance and secret underwater infiltration are the core parts of the training of SEALs, and their parachuting ability at high altitude is also well known in the world. Therefore, in the event of conflict with China, the SEALs may use these special skills as eyes and ears of combat missions, or even directly participate in attacks. There is evidence that this is exactly what they are trained for.
Reported that the training needs of SEALs in Hawaii increased exponentially. Up to now, there are about 100 training sessions in Hawaii every year, most of which are diving training. However, the Special Operations Command has requested 330 maneuvers in 2019, most of which will be parachute infiltration and then sea operations.
U.S. military transformation is not easy
Compared with the U.S. Navy, which is far away from the front battlefield of anti-terrorism, the U.S. Air Force and Army, which are more deeply involved in anti-guerrilla warfare, are also in transition at present, but face more challenges and difficulties. According to Janes Defense Weekly, in the war against terrorism, the main targets of US Army tank forces are low-level guerrillas and armed elements, and their daily tasks are mainly patrols. Therefore, there are few opportunities to use main guns to bombard armored targets, and even less experience in dealing with modern high-tech armored forces. The Pentagon acknowledges that after a long period of informal warfare, the U.S. Army has lost its skills in confronting traditional land powers. In 2018, U.S. Army Chief of Staff Mark Millie said that the Army would prepare for the transformation of the Great War. To this end, it would examine the tactics needed for large-scale conventional warfare, identify, refine and integrate technologies specifically used in big-country warfare, and pay more attention to preparing for large-scale mechanized warfare between big powers when developing weapons, technologies and platforms. The US Army Armored Forces began to rotate to Irvinburg National Training Center for large-scale armored combat training to improve their ability to deal with powerful enemies. The U.S. Air Force also suffered. The U.S. Air Forces repeatedly tangled light attack aircraft procurement program is the victim. Previously, the envisaged combat environment of the aircraft was a public order war with no air defense threat. But now the US Air Force requires them to endure more dangerous formal combat environment in the future, not just anti-terrorism operations. Recurrent changes in operational requirements lead to slow progress of the project.
Analysts believe that although the Pentagon has recognized the negative impact of the war on conventional U.S. military operations, but 20 years of ice can not be melted in a day. Not only does the U.S. military need a comprehensive transformation in strategic and tactical areas, daily training and even weapons and equipment, but it also faces the biggest problem of lack of money. A kind of
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