National Defense and Army Construction, Writing a New Chapter of Strengthening the Army and Promoting the Army

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 National Defense and Army Construction, Writing a New Chapter of Strengthening the Army and Promoting the Army


National Defense and Army Construction, Writing a New Chapter of Strengthening the Army and Revitalizing the Army (Five Years of Comprehensive Deepening Reform)

Comments on the Fifth Anniversary of the Third Plenary Session of the Eighteenth Central Committee of the CPC

The Air Forces Bayi Flight Performance Team is conducting a flight performance.

Photographed by Li Jianbo (Image of China)

November 2013

The Third Plenary Session of the Eighteenth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China decided to incorporate the reform of national defense and the army into the overall deepening of reform. Deepening the reform of national defense and the army was written into the Plenary Session Decision as a separate part.

November 2015

The Central Military Commission Reform Conference was held in Beijing, and the unprecedented overall and revolutionary changes in the history of our army began.

December 2016

The reform of the size structure and strength composition of the army has been launched in an all-round way, focusing on solving structural contradictions and realizing the revolutionary reconstruction of our armys strength system.

August 2018

The Central Military Commission issued the Decision on Strengthening the Party Building of the Army in the New Era.

November 2018

The Central Military Commissions Working Conference on Policy and System Reform was convened to deploy and promote the reform of military policy and system

On January 4, Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, President of the State and Chairman of the Central Military Commission, signed Order No. 11, 2019 of the Central Military Commission and issued a mobilization order for the whole army to start training. From Lin Haixueyuan to Tianya Haijiao, from the northwest desert to the Southeast coast, the whole army with full political enthusiasm and high will to fight quickly set off a boom of combat-oriented military training. The Peoples Army has been rebuilt in an all-round way, showing the strong military style of the new era! uuuuuuuuu

A strong country must strengthen its army, and a strong army must reform.

In November 2013, the Third Plenary Session of the Eighteenth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China decided to incorporate the reform of national defense and the army into the overall deepening of reform, and to upgrade it to the will and conduct of the Party. Deepening the reform of national defense and the army was written in the Plenary Session as a separate part of the Decision. In March 2014, General Secretary Xi Jinping personally served as the leader of the Leading Group of the Central Military Commission for Deepening National Defense and Army Reform.

Deepening the reform of national defense and army is the requirement of the times to realize the dream of China and the dream of strengthening the army. It is the only way to strengthen the army and revitalize the army. It is also the key to determine the future of the army. Since the Eighteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China, President Xi has focused on the realization of the goal of two hundred years and the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. He has clearly put forward the goal of strengthening the Partys army in the new era. He has deepened the political army building, reforming the army, developing the army by science and technology, and ruling the army by law, and has made great efforts to strengthen military training and prepare for war, and actively promoted the

Over the past five years, guided by Xi Jinpings idea of strengthening the army, and closely surrounding the Partys goal of strengthening the army in the new era, a series of strategic layout and measures have been gradually promoted, and the Peoples Army has achieved a whole and revolutionary reconstruction: the new four beams and eight pillars have been uprooted, the pattern of the military commissions administration, the main battlefield and the main military construction has basically taken shape; the army has changed from a quantity-scale type to a quality-effectiveness type. The formation of the army will develop in the direction of enrichment, synthesis, versatility and flexibility, and the military policy system of socialism with Chinese characteristics will be gradually improved by governing the army according to law and strictly. Deepening the reform of national defense and the army has made steady progress. The peoples army has a new system, structure, pattern and appearance.

Strong roots, red genes blossom in a new era

In January 2015, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China forwarded the Decision on Certain Issues Concerning the Political Work of the Army under the New Situation; in August 2018, after the Central Military Commission Party Building Conference was held, the Central Military Commission issued the Decision on Strengthening the Party Building of the Army in the New Era, making a strategic plan for Comprehensively Strengthening the Party leadership and Party building of the Peoples Army in the New Era.

The Partys absolute leadership over the army is the soul and lifeblood of our army.

The key to strengthening the army is the Party. Since the Eighteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee, with Comrade Xi Jinping as its core, has made a series of institutional arrangements and strategic decisions: the responsibility system of the Chairman of the Military Commission is written into the Party Constitution; the operational command system and leadership management system of our army are reconstructed; the armed police force is centralized and unified under the leadership of the Party Central Committee and the Central Military Commission; and the reform of the Party building

A strong army must first strengthen its heart, and the heart must build its soul. Over the past five years, the whole army has resolutely implemented Chairman Xis instructions, followed closely the pace of reform and strengthening the army, adhered to the highest political requirements of maintaining the core and keeping abreast of it, and handed over a qualified answer to the historical issue of political army building. Every army focuses on absolute loyalty, strengthens political forging, deepens political training, comprehensively and thoroughly eliminates the influence of Guo Boxiong, Xu Caihou, Fang Fenghui and Zhang Yangs poisoning; perfects the system of leading the army by the Party, comprehensively standardizes the Partys work and political work of the Peoples Army; strictly enhances political discipline and rules, strengthens four consciousness and four self-confidence, resolutely safeguards habits and proximity. General Secretary Pings core position of the Party Central Committee and the Party as a whole should firmly uphold the authority and centralized and unified leadership of the Party Central Committee, uphold and implement the responsibility system of the Chairman of the Military Commission, and ensure absolute loyalty, absolute purity and absolute reliability.

Faced with the complex ideological struggle, the whole army regards the firm ideals and beliefs of its officers and soldiers as the chief of strategic engineering, which solidifies the foundation, cultivates the yuan and unites the spirit. We will vigorously promote the project of Red Gene Generation from generation to generation, and carry out in-depth thematic education on Red Gene Inheritance and the Important Task of Strengthening the Army. Continuing the red blood and striving to become the value pursuit of the officers and soldiers, the red gene blossoms a new era light.

Focus on fighting and start again

In the new era, our country is at a critical stage of development from big to strong. How can national defense and army construction cope with the great changes, seize the great opportunities and achieve great development?

In November 2015, the Central Military Commission Reform Conference was held in Beijing. The unprecedented overall and revolutionary changes in the history of our army began. The reform of the leadership and command system took the lead, focusing on breaking down the institutional obstacles and establishing the four beams and eight pillars of the new system of the Peoples Army; a year later, the reform of the size structure and strength of the army was launched in an all-round way, focusing on resolving structural contradictions and realizing the revolutionary reconstruction of our armys strength system; in November 2018, the Central Military Commissions working conference on policy and system reform was convened to resolve the policy nature. To solve these problems, we should deploy and promote the reform of military policy and system.

This is an epoch-making reconstruction. The succession of reforms, the convergence of front and back, and the promotion of stubble suppression have taken decisive steps on the road of strengthening the armed forces with Chinese characteristics.

Four headquarters and seven military regions of the PLA bid farewell to the historical stage; 15 functional departments of the Central Military Commission (CMC) made new appearances, setting up army leadership, rocket army, strategic support force and joint logistics support force, dividing five war zones, establishing the operational command system of the Military Commission-theatre-army and the leadership management system of the Military Commission-category-army, deepening the reform of military academies and improving the three. One in One New Military Talents Training System... With the spirit of self-revolution and the courage of broken wrists, the peoples army has embarked on a brand-new journey of strengthening the army and revitalizing the army.

The Third Plenary Session of the Eighteenth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China decided to optimize the size and structure of the armed forces, adjust and improve the proportion of the armed forces, officers and soldiers, the proportion of troops and organs, and reduce the number of non-combatant organizations and personnel. Over the past five years, the Peoples Army has become more lean in scale, more optimized in structure and more scientific in composition. It has reduced 300,000 military posts, nearly half of all non-combat organizationsactive posts and 30% of its officers.

Focusing on building elite combat forces, adjusting and improving the proportion of military categories and optimizing the composition of the army, 18 army groups have been restructured and formed into 13 army groups. New combat forces such as strategic early warning, offshore defense, long-range strike, strategic delivery and information support have been strengthened.

Turn around and change your mind. All departments of the Military Commission organs have stepped up efforts to clarify the borders of power and responsibility and standardize the work flow; the war zones have moved from form alliance to shenlian alliance. Joint operations on duty and joint operations have become the norm; the military forces based on the integration of joint operations and peacetime and wartime are being constructed in an accelerated manner, and the newly formed forces are being adjusted in the course of reform, so as to shorten the running-in period and speed up the formation of combat effectiveness...

Winning battles is the logical starting point and core direction of this reform; strengthening the army and revitalizing the army has become the main theme of the peoples army in the new era.

Reform and renovate the shortcomings, consolidate the style of work and promote the construction of regularization

At the beginning of 2018, shortly after the opening training mobilization meeting of the Central Military Commission, a special surveillance was launched in the whole army. Some officers were vetoed by one vote because their military qualities were not limited to promotion, some leading cadres of military divisions were warned to talk because they were unable to prepare for military training, and some officers and soldiers were held accountable for improper style in training assessment, which effectively promoted the implementation of military training preparation. All levels of the army have carried out extensive activities to clean up the accumulated ills and abuses in peace. The peoples army has taken on a new look by striking hard at them, launching force targeting them, and promoting the standard of combat effectiveness to take root on the ground.

Since the Eighteenth Congress of the Party, the Central Committee of the Party and the Central Military Commission have made great efforts to rectify the Four Winds and eliminate the principles and disciplines. The army has launched a combination of anti-corruption punches, hit tigers, eliminate accumulated shortcomings, strict system and positive orientation, stop the paid service of the army in an all-round way, eradicate the soil where corruption breeds, and zero tolerance for violations of laws and disciplines... All construction in the field of national defense and the army has been brought into the orbit of the rule of law, and all activities strictly abide by the standards of the rule of law.

Over the past five years, the whole army has vigorously strengthened the rule of law and strictly administered the army, constantly reformed and perfected the military legislative system and mechanism. A number of laws and regulations urgently needed for reform and preparation for war have been enacted, promulgated or revised and implemented. Especially in the field of military human resources, the army has integrated the management functions of officers, soldiers and civilian personnel, organized and revised the law on officers, promulgated regulations on civilian personnel, and focused on fighting. With the gradual introduction of the policy and system of military force construction, which encourages innovation and integrates military and civilian forces, the military management system with precision, efficiency, comprehensive standardization and rigid restraint is being perfected to provide a strong guarantee for the promotion of military regularization. Priority of military personnel according to law has become a hot word. The belief and concept of rule of law of officers and soldiers have been constantly strengthened. The rule of law environment of respecting law and abiding by law has gradually formed. The barracks are clear and the officers and soldiers are in good spirits. Those who really want to win and do business have the courage to move forward. They are united and energetic.

Civilian-Military Integration, Innovation-Driven Achievement of Full-scale Leap

Not long ago, the routine press conference of the Ministry of National Defense responded to our armys 15-type light tank, which is now equipped with troops; from design to construction, the first domestic aircraft carrier independently completed by our country went to relevant sea areas to carry out maritime test tasks; at the 12th China Air Show, the formation of Air Force J-204 appeared in the blue sky; the new generation of medium and long-range ballistic missiles Dongfeng-26 officially loaded rocket troops. ...

Deepening the reform of national defense and army, accelerating the pace of renewal and replacement of weaponry and equipment, loading a number of advanced weaponry and equipment into the army, and constantly upgrading the modernization level of the peoples army.

Faced with the earth-shaking changes brought about by science and technology in the military field, the Peoples Army keeps up with the development trend of world military science and technology, insists on fighting effectiveness for scientific and technological innovation, and vigorously promotes the development of military science and technology. Developing new combat forces, promoting the transformation of logistics to information technology, accelerating the development of high-tech weapons and equipment, and strengthening major technical research and new concept research... A series of strategic deployments have been introduced one after another, and the engine of innovation-driven development of the Peoples Army has been fully launched.

To boost the army through science and technology, we need to integrate the resources of the whole society and promote the all-round leap of equipment. The field of national defense science and technology and weapons and equipment is the focus of the development of civil-military integration, and also an important symbol to measure the level of development of civil-military integration. The development of civil-military integration has become a national strategy, which is not only an act of rejuvenating the country, but also a policy of strengthening the army. The Central Committee for Civil-Military Integration and Development should be established to strengthen the unified leadership of civil-military integration and development at the top level. Provincial (regional and municipal) institutions for civil-military integration and development should be set up to accelerate the formation of a comprehensive, multi-disciplinary and highly effective pattern of in-depth development of civil-military integration.

The drums of war are loud and the songs of war are loud. Guided by Xi Jinpings idea of strengthening the army, the Peoples Army has made great strides towards realizing the Partys goal of strengthening the army in the new era and building a world-class army in an all-round way. Take the road of strengthening the armed forces with Chinese characteristics and strive to promote the military industry in the new era. Chinese Army, all the way forward!