According to Voice of China News, Santaizi Reservoir in Kangping County, Liaoning Province, is one of the important wetlands in Liaoning Province, which was established in 2012. According to local protection regulations, important wetlands at the provincial level can only be constructed for tourism and ecological agriculture, except for large-scale infrastructure projects and public service projects approved by the municipal government.
However, residents near the Santaizi Reservoir reported to China Voice that since 2016, more than 6,000 mu of Santaizi Reservoir with more than 29,000 Mu has been drained and a large number of photovoltaic power projects have been built. Reporters learned that because the project has not been approved for construction, Kangping County has organized four expert reviews, the first three failed to pass the review, after the completion of the photovoltaic project, the fourth expert review through the EIA to get formalities.
Santaizi Reservoir in Kangping County, Liaoning Province is an important wetland at the provincial level. There are endless photovoltaic panels and pipelines beside the reservoir. Pouzi next to the reservoir told reporters along the village, here was a clear water, with seasonal changes, the water level has risen and fallen. The photovoltaic project occupied the place in the reservoir. After the construction, the reservoir in front of the village was drained out.
Reporter: What was it like before photovoltaic was built?
Villagers: Its water. Its all water. The elder slipped away and went to the village over there. Now the photovoltaic building has drained the water.
Reporter: How many years?
Villager: Ah, mama, the water has been old for years. Now all that was before this photovoltaic project was water.
Villagers told reporters that in order to build photovoltaic, the water was pumped for a long time, and the water was drained away. The wetland creatures also suffered from seedlings:
Villager A: It has to be pumped for several months to move the water elsewhere or somewhere else. Now the place with water is quite deep.
Villager B: All the clams under it are dead.
Villager C: All the big fish and whatnot have been smoked out. They are all dead. What else?
Villager D: Thats pure destruction of the natural environment.
Local villagers also told reporters that before the whole wetland of Santaizi Reservoir was managed by Kangping County Water Department, local villagers were strictly prohibited from pulling sand or planting land within the reservoir area, but then the reservoir sold the land to a number of photovoltaic development enterprises:
Villager: Since I was a child, my father has lived for more than 80 years. When he was a child, he was a bubbles. They were all reservoirs.
Reporter: Was there management before?
Villager: Yes, its sold by Santaizi Reservoir to build photovoltaic now.
Mr. Li, a person familiar with the situation, told reporters that, because Liaoning Province has subsidies for photovoltaic projects, the profits of photovoltaic projects can even double after subsidies, and subsidies are first come, first served, so many enterprises in order to catch up with the progress, ignoring environmental protection laws and regulations, did not approve the construction first. What does it mean to build first and get first? Its who you build first and who you give the indicators to. Indicators mean that the state gives you a subsidy of 0.75 yuan. Finally, Liaoning enterprises began to build that photovoltaic, where a variety of irregularities began to emerge. The typical wetland occupying and provincial important wetlands is the Kangping Santaizi Reservoir photovoltaic project, which occupies more than 6,000 mu of land and should be about 10 companies.
Mr. Li told reporters that his enterprises had considered building here at that time, but when they saw that it was a wetland reserve, they changed places. Now, the wetland was destroyed. They repeatedly asked the local government to reflect the problem, but could not get the answer. No one asks about the violation and gives subsidies. Why not build it? If you are a new energy source, the competent authorities say that I am responsible for it. If you violate the rules, I will not let you build it. Or if you finish building it, I will not give you state subsidies. If I strictly control it, he will not be able to build it.
Yang Guang reporter Ren Mengyan
A deputy director of Kangping County Water Conservancy Bureau, the management department of Santaizi Reservoir, explained to reporters that the reservoir discharged water because the reservoir itself was dangerous. In 2012, there was a mine beside the reservoir. Long-term mining caused the foundation to sink and destroy the dam. Santaizi Reservoir became a dangerous reservoir. In order to ensure the safety of the reservoir, they released the water. In 2012, we found that our dam was sunk by it. The reservoir can no longer store water. You are in danger of storing the dam again. The dam sinks. Including our gates, the tail gates have sunk. In this way, we will empty the reservoir and release all the water that can be released.
According to the water department, the reservoir will lose its function in 2012. According to the Liaoning Provincial Government Bulletin, in December 2014, Santaizi Reservoir was still a key wetland in Liaoning Province. Villagers also said that the water released in 2017. The deputy director explained that since 2016, because the reservoir had no revenue, they had negotiated with photovoltaic enterprises to lease Beach revenue. He introduced that, including retirement, the reservoir has more than 280 workers. In the second half of 2016, two photovoltaic enterprises and water conservancy departments came to negotiate to rent the remaining beaches for photovoltaic projects. The Water Conservancy Bureau asked the county government and agreed that it could not store water. The beach was desolate and the workers had no benefit. So the Water Conservancy Bureau rented the beach to photovoltaic enterprises, Lets collect land rent to maintain staff expenditure.
Network Map of Santaizi Reservoir Photovoltaic Power Generation Project in Kangping, Shenyang
The Water Conservancy Bureau said that according to the regulations, the reservoir is managed by the water conservancy department, but the three Tai Zi reservoir is an important wetland at the provincial level, where is the wetland, and where is not the forestry bureau has the final say. Although the reservoir is rented out by them, the laws and procedures should be found by Kangping County Forestry Bureau.
In Kangping County Forestry Bureau, the deputy director of Forestry Bureau interviewed by reporters admitted that the construction of photovoltaic projects occupying more than 6,000 mu of wetland was not approved first. Although the reservoir was drained at that time, the ecological red line formulated by the government was still in existence. In 2016, the local government entered the construction of the ecological red line without formalities. The county government invited experts to comment four times in order to remove the ecological red line. But in the first three times, they were unsuccessful: The EIA did not approve the construction before approval. You cant put the EIA behind it. I think it belongs to the construction before approval. We have passed four expert reviews. The core purpose of the review is to draw the reservoir from the important wetlands in the province. Because of its zero water level operation, it gradually terrestrial photovoltaic construction, loss of important ecological functions. Is it the loss of ecological function before the red line is removed, or the ecological damage caused by the drainage of reservoirs in order to build photovoltaic? Local villagers and water conservancy bureaus do not agree, but the Forestry Bureau believes that in any case, no formalities to enter the ecological red line construction, is not approved first.
Yang Guang reporter Ren Mengyan
The fourth expert review agreed to move the ecological red line out of the reservoirs photovoltaic construction area, but Liaoning Province formally issued documents to implement wetland area changes in July 2018, when the photovoltaic project has been completed for more than half a year. The deputy director of Kangping County Forestry Bureau said that the local development and Reform Commission had already reported to the provincial development and Reform Commission for the record. When the County Environmental Protection Bureau went to the provincial Environmental Protection Bureau for the record, the problem appeared. Kangping actively invited experts to review, This part of photovoltaic mainly demonstrates that it has lost the function of ecological wetland.
As for why the first three expert reviews failed, the Deputy Director of Forestry Administration said: Experts, he started, because it said terrestrial, he did not recognize, and what aquatic plants are growing here, and then gradually... uuuuuuuuuu Its about guidance.
Kangping County investment attraction projects, built in the ecological red line, this red line can also be used for photovoltaic projects. If Santaizi Reservoir becomes a dangerous reservoir in 2012, why can it still become an important wetland in Liaoning Province in 2014? Why do many villagers reflect that there is still a lot of water in 2016?
What are the economic accounts of the reservoirs occupied and the environmental accounts of the wetlands protected? Kangping counties calculated a sum of money, first started construction, and then asked experts to remove the red line four times. After the completion of the photovoltaic project, it can continue to generate electricity for 25 years, but what about the environmental accounts left to future generations?
Source: Author of Voice of China: Ren Mengyan, Editor-in-Charge: He Yufang_NN5632