Beijing issues the instructions for the college entrance examination, stressing the importance of classical material selection and embodying traditional culture

 Beijing issues the instructions for the college entrance examination, stressing the importance of classical material selection and embodying traditional culture

New Beijing News Express January 22, 2019 College Entrance Examination Beijing Paper Examination Notes released. Comparing with last year, the single item of English subject filling in the blanks is adjusted to the text filling in the blanks, the political subject and biology subject adjusting the content of examination scope and requirements, and the reference sample questions of all subjects are replaced by some of the questions of Beijing paper in 2018.

Emphasizing Classic Reading Material Selection to Embody Chinese Traditional Culture

In the new edition of Examination Instructions, the structure of the test paper, the content and requirements of the examination, the recitation of ancient poetry and prose in Appendix 1 and the enumeration of classical reading in Appendix 2 remain unchanged. Reference sample questions have been slightly adjusted by deleting some old questions or test questions from previous years and incorporating the language part of the Beijing National College Entrance Examination in 2018.

Specifically, the sample questions emphasize the comprehension and application of knowledge, the integration of knowledge and ability, and the thinking of comprehensive examination based on specific situations in reading and expression activities.

It is worth noting that, similar to the adjustment of the entrance examination, the language of college entrance examination also pays attention to reading classical literature, requiring students to understand, feel and comprehend the image, theme and ideological connotation of the works on the premise of grasping the main content. Examining the Confucian classic The Analects of Confucianism in Question 13 of 2018, from two aspects of the content of the works and the authors thoughts, it is required to grasp the overall meaning of the selected materials first, and then to understand Confuciuseducational thought of teaching students in accordance with their aptitude.

Such adjustments are also reflected in the disciplines of mathematics and history. Among the new sample questions in mathematics, the subjects reflecting the excellent traditional Chinese culture are selected to guide candidates to establish correct values, aiming at highlighting the fundamental purpose of cultivating morality and cultivating people.

The setting of test questions is more open and exploratory.

Setting up selective and open topics is also a major adjustment facing Chinese, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, History and other disciplines.

In Chinese subject, reading and writing are set up in open topics. For example, some sample questions of micro-writing and large-scale writing give candidates space to choose. This kind of questions is intended to guide teaching to pay attention to studentsthinking quality, promote independent thinking, and enhance inquiry consciousness and ability.

In addition, in the Examination Instructions of mathematics, such as the 16th question of literature and history, the 13th question of science and engineering, and the 16th question of science and Engineering in 2018, different ways of asking questions are adopted to present the content of mathematics questions in an innovative way. Guiding teaching pays attention to the development of mathematics core literacy, strengthens the connection between knowledge, and can deeply understand and apply knowledge in different situations.

Historically, in addition to focusing on the openness and selectivity of the examination questions, the gradient evaluation criteria and scoring principles are supplemented to encourage candidates to think independently and innovate.

In addition, the setting of reference answers for political sample questions is more open, guiding students to think independently, encouraging new ideas, new methods and new answers, and testing the innovative ability of candidates.

Return to textbooks and focus on learning for application

In addition to advocating innovation and openness, this adjustment also further emphasizes the return of textbooks. The coverage and distribution of sample knowledge are reasonable. The examination of basic concepts, principles and methods should be paid attention to, and the core and backbone knowledge should be highlighted.

Taking history as an example, the replaced reference sample focuses on basic and main knowledge, and examines the basic literacy and thinking level of the subject. Specifically, the choice questions focus more on the basic abilities in the basic knowledge and ability goals, while the non-choice questions maintain the characteristics of Chinese-Western contrast, large-span and strong comprehensiveness. Examination examinees interpret graphic data, analyze specific problems and find their own path to solve the problem of high-level ability.

At the same time, we should pay more attention to guiding candidates to return to society from the perspective of examination questions, such as paying attention to childrens problems and the value of history learning from the perspective of world history, paying attention to major social issues such as traditional culture and education reform, and guiding candidates to observe everything from a historical perspective and think from a historical perspective.

Geography and politics also put forward that besides examining studentsbasic knowledge and basic ideological methods of disciplines, they should actively and flexibly apply what they have learned to analyze and solve practical problems, apply what they have learned to practice, and cultivate candidates ability of social practice and integrating theory with practice.

Source: Zhang Xianchao_NN9310, responsible editor of Beijing News