The new ministries and commissions that finally appeared in the institutional reform have answered a key question

 The new ministries and commissions that finally appeared in the institutional reform have answered a key question

Today (22), more than nine months after the listing, the Emergency Management Department held its first press conference. This is also the last public appearance of the new component after the institutional reform.

In fact, the delay of the first release of the Emergency Management Department is related to their complex institutional reform. Among the many departments of the State Council involved in institutional reform, the Emergency Management Department is the Department that involves the most functional integration and the most complex situation.

How complex is such a reform?

Political opinions were given answers to several key questions at the press conference.


The organizational reform of the Emergency Management Department involves the integration of 13 responsibilities of 11 departments, including 5 state-level emergency command and coordination agencies, as well as the integration of 200,000 people in public security fire and armed police forests.

This multi-sectoral integration can be reflected in the attendance list of todays conference:

Sun Huashan, Vice Minister of Emergency Management, Zheng Guoguang, Press Spokesperson, Director of the Department of Public Information, Shen Zhanli, and Liu Kehui, Director of the Department of Education and Training

Sun Huashan (middle), Zheng Guoguang (second right), Shen Zhanli (second left), Liu Kehui (first right)

Four people previously worked in different units.

Sun Huashan was the former deputy director of the State Security Supervision Bureau. After the institutional reform, he served as deputy director of the Emergency Management Department and director of the National Emergency Relief Command Center for Safety Production. At the beginning of the conference, he had a special opening remark:

Many of the journalists present here should be old friends, because there are many comrades who fought together on the spot. Its a pleasure to meet you here again.

What scene? Accident scene.

Sun Huashan often appeared at the scene of various accidents when he was in the former State Security Supervision Bureau. For example, in 2015, a particularly serious road traffic accident occurred in Chunhua County, Xianyang City, Shaanxi Province, causing 35 deaths and 11 injuries. At that time, Sun Huashan served as the head of the accident investigation team. On the second day of the accident, he led the working group to the scene.

Zheng Guoguang is not only the Deputy Minister of the Emergency Management Department, but also the Secretary and director of the Party Group of the Seismological Bureau of China. In the institutional reform, the Seismological Bureau is assigned to the Emergency Management Department, and the responsibility of earthquake emergency rescue of the Seismological Bureau is assigned to the Emergency Management Department.

According to Zheng Guoguang, after the institutional reform, the Ministry of Emergency Management has established a department linkage mechanism, the front is a joint working group, the rear is a joint business, joint command, changed the past various departments sent working groups, departments to carry out individual disaster relief and rescue.

For instance.

In October 2018, a landslide occurred in Milin County, Linzhi City, Tibet Autonomous Region, which resulted in the blockage of the Yarlung Zangbo River and the formation of a barrier lake. The Ministry of Emergency Management convened departments and units of the Ministry of Natural Resources, the Ministry of Water Resources, the Meteorological Bureau and the Energy Bureau to set up a joint working group, and Zheng Guoguang led the team to the scene. The Joint Working Group can co-ordinate the forces of Tibet and Sichuan. We have also established a joint military-civilian emergency rescue mechanism with the Joint Staff Department of the Military Commission to co-ordinate the forces of the army and the local authorities.

Shen Zhanli was formerly deputy director of the Press Bureau of the Ministry of Publicity and Propaganda of China. Last November, the 14th China? International Forum on Corporate Social Responsibility was held in Beijing. Shen Zhenli attended the event for the first time as a spokesman and director of the Department of Public Information and Publicity of the Ministry of Emergency Management.


Of the four, Liu Kehui was the only one in uniform to attend the meeting.

On November 8, 2018, fire rescue rank signs and new uniforms of firefighters were made public. The next day, firefighters wore new uniforms at the flag-giving ceremony of the national comprehensive fire rescue team.

Zheng Zhiyi observed that Liu Kehui had previously been interviewed as deputy director of the Department of Education and Training to interpret the new uniform and fire rescue ranks, but at that time they were all dressed in civilian clothes. Its also the first time to wear a new uniform at the press conference today. From the shoulder chapter, Liu Kehuis title has two golden horizontal bars and four golden hexagonal stars, belonging to the title of senior commander.

Another detail is that Liu Kehui was formerly the director of the Construction Department of the active service team of the Political Department of the Ministry of Public Security. Zheng Zhijun found that the full name of the active service office is the active service office, one of its functions is to exercise leadership and coordination of public security fire control, security and border forces.

Last October, the public security fire brigade handed over to the Emergency Management Department. China has implemented 53 years of active fire service history to the end. On December 27 of the same year, the Ministry of Human Resources, Social Security and Emergency Management issued the National Comprehensive Fire Rescue Team Firefighters Recruitment Measures, which are open to the public.

This change brings two key issues.

First, how has the training mode of firefighters changed?

Liu Kehui said that the first batch of firefighters planned to recruit 30,000 people, including 18,000 people for the society, and more than 10,000 people were recruited by direct train for the retired compulsory soldiers of the public security fire and armed police forest forces.

He told the government that firefighters had been recruited by recruits and had been trained for a short period of two years. Now the minimum length of service has changed to five years. In the first year, it is necessary to train collectively in Colleges and universities. In the second year, it is necessary to intern with classmates in the ranks. Only in the third year can it participate in the task implementation independently.

Second, how to ensure combat effectiveness after fire professionalization?

The public security fire forces and the armed police forest forces have withdrawn from active service and restructured to form a national comprehensive fire rescue team.

Unlike before the transition, the functions of the national comprehensive fire rescue team have changed from the original single disaster response to the comprehensive rescue responsibility of preventing and resolving major security risks and dealing with various disaster accidents.

But without active service status, how to solve the problems that firefighters may have such as lack of sense of honor, lack of dedication and so on?

After the meeting, in questioning, Liu Kehui answered the question of political opinions. He said that after the restructuring, the team still carried out 24-hour on-duty combat readiness, built and managed according to the standards of the disciplined forces, and implemented a system of unified leadership and hierarchical command.

At the same time, in order to maintain the teams vitality and combat effectiveness, the Ministry of Emergency Management has also implemented a special management and security policy, adopted a rank sequence in line with its own characteristics, and established a special rank system for fire rescue. At present, the work of identity conversion, Title Conversion and dressing of collective transformation personnel, including the reform of job ranks, has been completed.

Transition time difference

Speaking of the restructuring of the fire brigade, according to the relevant plan announced in March last year, five other forces have withdrawn from the active service of the armed police force with them:

After the Golden Force of the Armed Police Force was transferred to a non-active professional force, it was merged into the Ministry of Natural Resources and transferred to the establishment of financial subsidies.

After the conversion of the Armed Police Forest Force into a non-active professional team, it is merged into the Emergency Management Department and transferred to the administrative establishment.

After the Armed Police Hydropower Force has been converted into a non-active professional force, it has been established as a state-owned enterprise and managed by the State Assets Management Commission of the State Council.

The frontier defense forces of public security are no longer listed in the armed police force sequence, and the formed system is assigned to the public security organs and transferred to the peoples police.

The public security forces are no longer listed in the armed police force sequence, and all the active personnel are transferred to the personnel of the peoples police.

Considering from common sense, it must be simple before complicated to transfer from one department to another.

In addition to fire protection, a survey of the six armed police units that have withdrawn from active service shows that they have mysterious ideas about the time of restructuring.

The Ministry of Defense was the first to announce the transfer schedule. In June and October 2018, Wu Qian, a spokesman for the Ministry of Defense, disclosed the specific timetable for the restructuring of the Armed Police Force at two public meetings:

By the end of 2018, the forestry, gold and hydropower forces will be transferred to the Ministry of Emergency Management, the Ministry of Natural Resources and the SASASAC of the State Council as a whole; the armed police forces participating in customs duties will be withdrawn as a whole; and the restructuring of the frontier defense and security forces of the public security will be completed by the end of 2018.

Obviously, the public security frontier defense and security forces need a longer transitional period in this rotation system.

The actual conversion time has been publicly reported.

Forestry, gold and hydropower units completed their transfer around September last year. The formal transfer date of fire fighting units was October 9 last year. Border and security forces completed their transfer at the end of 2018 and jointly held a collective conversion and police entry ceremony on New Years Day 2019.

Conversion of Xinjiang Public Security Guard Force into a Collective Shift of Officers and Soldiers uuuuuuuuu

Why is there such a time lag?

The army is the army, the police is the police, and the people are the people. Readers who are concerned about political opinions are not unfamiliar with this sentence. As the purpose of this round of reform of the armed police force, straightening out the attributes and management system should be the first priority. From the point of view of the attributes after the transformation, the forest, hydropower, gold and fire forces or the conversion to administrative establishment or to SASASAC management, clearly in line with the definition of people. Border guards and security forces are transferred to the peoples police force after they are assigned to the local areas, which belongs to the police.

This explains why the transition of border and security forces came the latest.

Source: Author of Political Opinion: Dong Xin, responsible editor of Li Yan: Li Hang_BJS4645