According to the Information Office of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Areas, the eight ministries, namely, the Central Agricultural Office, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Areas, the State Health and Health Commission, the Ministry of Housing, Urban and Rural Construction, the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, the State Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Ecological Environment, jointly issued the Guiding Opinions on Promoting the Special Action of the Rural Toilet Revolution. Opinions pointed out that in accordance with the basic idea of orderly promotion, overall promotion, equal emphasis on construction and management, and long-term operation, we should first pilot demonstration, then promote the overall upgrading, promote the standardization of rural toilet construction, standardization of management, marketization of operation and maintenance, and socialization of supervision, guide farmers to develop good toilet-like and hygiene habits, and effectively enhance farmerssense of access and harmony. Happiness.
According to the Opinions, by 2020, the basic and conditional areas such as the eastern region and the suburbs of the central and western cities will basically complete the harmless transformation of rural household toilets, the treatment or resource utilization of toilet manure, and the preliminary establishment of a long-term mechanism for management and protection; in the areas with better foundation and basic conditions in the central and Western regions, the popularization rate of sanitary toilets will reach about 85%, and the sanitation will be achieved. The basic norms of toilets are that the dung tanks are impermeable and clean in time. Located in remote and underdeveloped areas, the popularization rate of sanitary toilets has gradually increased to meet the basic requirements of clean and tidy toilet environment. By 2022, toilet excrement in the suburbs of eastern and central and western cities will be effectively treated or recycled, and a long-term mechanism for management and protection will be established. Located in remote areas, underdeveloped economy and other areas, the popularity of sanitary toilets has increased significantly, the harmless treatment or resource utilization of toilet manure has gradually increased, and the long-term mechanism of management and protection has been preliminarily established.
In order to achieve the set goals as scheduled, the Opinions put forward seven key tasks. One is to find out the bottom number in an all-round way. Take County as a unit to find out the number, distribution and mode of rural household toilets, public toilets and tourist toilets. The second is to scientifically formulate toilet improvement programs. According to local conditions, proving and compiling special implementation plans, defining annual tasks, financial arrangements and safeguards. Thirdly, the standard and mode of toilet improvement should be rationally selected. We will speed up the research and revision of technical standards and relevant norms for rural sanitary toilets, and actively promote sanitary toilet improvement models, technologies and products that are simple, practical, cost-effective and acceptable to farmers. Fourth, promote the whole village and carry out demonstration construction. Supporting the whole village to promote the demonstration construction of rural toilet revolution, adhering to the principles of whole village promotion, classified demonstration, voluntary declaration, first building, later testing, awards instead of supplements, and advancing in an orderly manner, in order to point to face, accumulate experience and form norms. Fifth, strengthen technical support and strictly control quality. Enterprises and research institutes are encouraged to develop new technologies and products of sanitary toilets that are suitable for rural reality, economical and affordable, and popular. Sixth, improve the construction of management and protection operation mechanism. We should attach equal importance to both construction and management, give full play to the main role of village organizations and farmers, encourage the government to purchase services, and establish a follow-up management mechanism that combines government guidance with market operation. Seventh, promote the treatment of toilet excrement at the same time. Promote the management of rural toilet excrement and rural domestic sewage as a whole, and actively promote the utilization of rural toilet excrement resources.
In order to promote the effectiveness of key tasks, the Opinion stresses the need to strengthen organizational leadership, further improve the work promotion mechanism of central deployment, provincial overall responsibility and county implementation, and strengthen the linkage and coordination between the upper and lower levels. To increase financial support, governments at all levels should encourage farmers to voluntarily improve toilets, support the whole village to promote rural toilet improvement, and focus on toilet renovation, follow-up management and maintenance, harmless treatment of manure and resource utilization. We should strengthen supervision and guidance, carry out the State Councils general inspection and supervision of rural toilet improvement, and organize and carry out the evaluation of rural human settlements improvement including rural toilet improvement. We should pay attention to publicity and mobilization, strengthen publicity and education on civilized toilets, daily management of sanitary toilets and knowledge of hygiene and epidemic prevention, encourage and guide grass-roots Party members and cadres to take the lead in demonstrating, guide farmers to take the initiative to improve toilets, and stimulate the initiative and enthusiasm of farmers to improve their living conditions.
Source: Zhang Xianchao_NN9310, responsible editor of Beijing News