Delegates with low school enrollment scores after comprehensive second-child appeal for the solution of fertility anxiety

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 Delegates with low school enrollment scores after comprehensive second-child appeal for the solution of fertility anxiety


Liyuan Primary School (North Campus), parents of students outside the school gate. Nandu reporter Liu Youzhi (information map)

Comprehensive two-child school score is a problem. Infant and child care services under 3 years old become reproductive anxiety. Facing the policy of comprehensive two-child, how to improve the fertility intention of citizens becomes the focus of attention. Delegates suggested taking the lead in solving the problem of comprehensive two-child enrollment score, formulating regulations and policies for kindergarten services in line with Shenzhens actual situation, and ensuring funding for early education and childcare services through legislation.

Solving the Problem of Entrance Points

After the liberalization of the two-child policy, the number of births decreased in 2018. During the two sessions in Shenzhen this year, encouraging births of two children has also become the focus of attention of the NPC delegates. Liang Huming, deputy to the Municipal Peoples Congress, said, The introduction of this policy requires all-round careful consideration. Every increase in population needs the corresponding follow-up of government management and public services. Local governments need to promulgate relevant supporting laws and policies to ensure that resources policies such as health and education are not planned and allocated in place to maintain them. Continuous fertility. However, Liang Huming also mentioned that if the policy is not in place, it will frustrate the enthusiasm of young couples to have children and affect the implementation of this important national policy.

For example, in education, a considerable number of two-child families have strong opinions about the fact that they have two children in response to the comprehensive two-child policy, which leads to lower school entry scores for children than for only-child children. According to the research and understanding, according to the entry policy of primary one point in Nanshan District in 2018, the only child scored 20 points, and the comprehensive two children scored 18 points. The other districts have similar situation, and the comprehensive two children scored lower than the only child.

This admission score policy has brought great troubles to all-round two-child families, leading to some children from all-round two-child families whose first-year admission score is too low to go to school nearby. Liang Huming believed that it was time to take the lead in resolving the problem of comprehensive two-child entrance score puzzlement by starting with the main public service items that the people concerned most, directly and realistically about in terms of peoples livelihood.

Nursery services under 3 years of age are a problem

Liu Xiaona, deputy to the Municipal Peoples Congress, said that with the liberalization of the comprehensive two-child policy, the number of newborns in Shenzhen increased year by year, reaching about 240,000 in 2017. At present, kindergartens in Shenzhen only accept children aged 3-6. Infants and young children under 3 years old are nowhere to be trusted. Infant and young child care services under 3 years old have become the blind spot of public security services of the government and the pain point of reproductive anxiety of the general public.

At present, there is no clear competent department in Shenzhen Childrens Service Institutions under 3 years of age. They can be registered in the municipal supervision departments (for business purposes), in the education and health departments (for non-business purposes), and in the Civil Affairs Bureau in the name of social organizations. Liu Xiaona mentioned that compared with the more pressing preschool children aged 3-6, the government and education departments can only give priority to solving the problem of kindergarten admission. The solution to the problem of kindergarten admission for children under 3 years old is often inadequate, which leads to the scarcity of public kindergarten resources under 3 years old, the lack of private resources and the continuing weakness of the overall strength.

Establishment of regulations and policies for kindergarten services

Liang Huming suggested that Shenzhen actively implement the comprehensive two-child policy advocated by the state, fully consider the educational rights and interests of the comprehensive two-child family when formulating the admission score policy, and in family planning, the children of the comprehensive two-child family have the same admission score as the only child, so as to solve the problem of the comprehensive two-child familys admission score, and encourage the one-husband with practical actions. The wife has two children.

Shenzhen should formulate regulations and policies for kindergarten services in line with Shenzhens actual situation, and ensure the funding of early education and childcare services through legislation. This paper studies in detail the forms and contents of the public nursery service system and other policies and regulations, including the planning of early education, the training of childbearing age knowledge, the construction of kindergartens, and the training of teachers. Liu Xiaona suggested that the industry standards and competent departments of early childcare institutions under 3 years old should be clarified, and the government management mechanism of childcare services should be established under the principles of who examines and approves who supervises and who is in charge who is responsible.

In addition, Shenzhen should encourage and support the downward extension of public kindergartens and inclusive private kindergartens and the establishment of kindergartens for children under 3 years of age. Liu Xiaona said that early childhood services can also be included in the scope of government community public services, utilizing peoples livelihood micro-factual and other projects, through the way of public and private construction, to introduce government purchasing services into professional social organizations to set up small mutual nursery service institutions in the community, and so on.

The representative suggested that the government social security should bear the wages during maternity leave.

Yesterday, in a group discussion in Nanshan District, Li Haijian, deputy to the National Peoples Congress, said that since the relaxation of the second-child policy, the situation of employees having two births has fluctuated one after another, which has had a greater impact on some enterprises. He hoped to submit a proposal to shorten the second-child maternity leave to three months. Du Ping, a deputy to the Municipal Peoples Congress and President of Nanshan Womens Federation, raised objections. She said that for Nordic countries, maternity leave lasted 480 days, while in Japan it lasted from one year to three years. Wages in one year are not borne by enterprises, but by government social security. This reduces the burden on enterprises. Du Ping believes that in order to reduce the concerns of more families with planned second births, the government should take the initiative to introduce relevant measures. Including the implementation of a tax relief for families with two births; learning from Nordic practices, family-based maternity leave, etc.

Yesterday, in a group discussion in Nanshan District, Li Haijian, deputy to the National Peoples Congress, said that since the relaxation of the second-child policy, the situation of employees having two births has fluctuated one after another, which has had a greater impact on some enterprises. He hoped to submit a proposal to shorten the second-child maternity leave to three months.

Du Ping, a deputy to the Municipal Peoples Congress and President of Nanshan Womens Federation, raised objections. She said that for Nordic countries, maternity leave lasted 480 days, while in Japan it lasted from one year to three years. Wages in one year are not borne by enterprises, but by government social security. This reduces the burden on enterprises. Du Ping believes that in order to reduce the concerns of more families with planned second births, the government should take the initiative to introduce relevant measures. Including the implementation of a tax relief for families with two births; learning from Nordic practices, family-based maternity leave, etc.