80percent Shenzhen Rental and Housing Commissioner: Publishing Rental Law and Publishing Rental Guidance Price

category:Society
 80percent Shenzhen Rental and Housing Commissioner: Publishing Rental Law and Publishing Rental Guidance Price


Tens of thousands of talented people are introduced into Shenzhen every year, but the saleable residential area can not meet the demand of talented people to settle down in the real estate industry. The housing problem has become a mental illness of many young people who want to take root in Shenzhen. At this years two sessions in Shenzhen, many NPC deputies and CPPCC members voiced the hope that under the background of rent first, rent and sale simultaneously, rent first and buy later, the advantages of the legislative power of the Special Administrative Region could be brought into play, the housing rental market could be standardized as soon as possible, and how to implement the same right of rent and purchase could be explored, and the management of rental housing could be strengthened.

Average rent rose by 12% last year.

Of the more than 20 million people in Shenzhen, 80% live in rental housing, and 70% of the 10.41 million housing units in stock are in rental status for a long time. Nie Zhuqing, member of the Shenzhen Peoples Political Consultative Conference, listed a set of data when talking about the rental market in Shenzhen: According to the statistics at the beginning of 2018, 79.5% of the tenants said that the rent increased, of which 5.5% increased by 500-1000 yuan; 3.6% increased by a large margin, and more than 1000 yuan per month. According to the Shenzhen Planning and Land Commission, as one of the most developed and active rental markets in China, Shenzhen has about 7.83 million rental housing units (apartments and dormitories), accounting for 73.5% of the housing stock.

Shenzhen Shell released big data of Shenzhen property market in 2018 last week. In 2018, the average rent per unit of commercial housing in Shenzhen was 77.6 yuan per square meter and the average rent per unit was 5692 yuan, up 12.3% and 12.0% respectively from 2017. According to the 13th Five-Year Plan for Urban Renewal of Shenzhen, the whole city will strive to complete 100 comprehensive renovation projects in urban villages, old residential areas and old commercial areas. Through comprehensive renovation of urban villages, the ancillary facilities and living environment of villagersrental houses have been greatly improved, and many rental house operators have taken the opportunity to raise rents substantially. In this case, Shenzhen provides less and less low-rent housing for low-income workers and graduates just out of school.

It is difficult to safeguard the legal rights and interests of tenants

Nie Zhuqing, member of the Shenzhen Political Consultative Conference, said that at present, Shenzhen Housing leasing has not yet formed a healthy and standardized market order. For example, the legal rights and interests of tenants are difficult to maintain. At present, Shenzhen lease is in the absolute sellers market. The position of tenants is passive and weak. The relevant laws and regulations are not perfect, and the legal support and system guarantee for tenants are far from enough. Tenants can not enjoy equal social welfare, and it is difficult for tenants to enjoy the same treatment as buyers in medical, educational and other social public services.

Some rental intermediaries purchase a large number of housing resources, take the contract as the basis, the leasehold as the mortgage, carry out social financing or make financing products, and create instability factors for financial security and social security. Nie Zhuqing believes that government departments should pay close attention to rental intermediaries, strengthen the supervision of financial markets, effectively safeguard the interests of tenants and landlords, and maintain the security and stability of the housing rental market and financial market. Strict administrative penalties shall be imposed on leasing intermediaries who speculate on leasing markets and drive up leasing prices and other illegal and irregular acts. Establish a blacklist of leasing market, increase punishment and deterrence, and prohibit the market entry of leasing intermediaries with malicious speculation and illegal competition.

Chen Xinru, a member of the Shenzhen CPPCC, said that Shenzhen has not yet had a standardized text of housing lease contracts, clarifying the rights and obligations of owners, lessors, intermediaries and lessees, and the situation of housing lease filing is not ideal.

Suggestions on the introduction of rental guidance price

How to standardize the housing rental market and build a livable Shenzhen? A number of members and delegates have taken the initiative. Cao Dieyun, member of the Shenzhen Political Consultative Conference, suggested that the law on rental of residential buildings be promulgated. Specifically, referring to the German Housing Rental Law, through the citys housing construction system to establish commercial housing rental and rural housing rental guidance prices, the guidance prices are updated and publicized in mid-year. The lessor must sign a lease contract according to the guidance price, allowing less than 20% of the guidance price, but not more than 20% of the guidance price, and the rent can not be increased during the lease period.

Nie Zhuqing believes that Shenzhen should make some contribution to the same right of rent and purchase, speed up the research progress of relevant policies and increase the implementation of policies, loosen the mechanism of linking housing property rights with public service resources, and allow tenants to enjoy public service rights such as childrens near-school enrollment, medical insurance and so on. At the same time, we should increase the effective supply of public service resources such as education and medical treatment, narrow the gap between regions, and ensure that the same right of rent and purchase is more operable. Nie Zhuqing suggested that government departments should increase the supply of rental housing resources, expand the construction scale of public rental housing such as public rental housing and low-rent housing, and keep low-cost rental housing such as peasant housing moderately. We should guide and control the orderly and restrained entry of social capital into the rental market, prevent and solve the drawbacks of the model itself, increase the supply of housing, and prevent the malicious entry of capital into the market.

As a pilot city of housing rental in China, Shenzhens long-term rental apartment market has developed rapidly. Tian Huiyu, a member of the Shenzhen CPPCC, believes that supporting policies and regulatory measures should be introduced, and the rent loan business should be improved, commercial banks should be encouraged to invest in high-quality long-Rent apartment projects, and personalized loan products should be designed and launched for high-quality talents.

Interview with big coffee

To clarify the difficult problems of management through law

Golden Sheep Reporter Li Xiaoxu

Shenzhen has a street with 60,000 registered rental houses, involving 120,000 people, but only 500 grid workers collect relevant information by door-to-door way. Speaking of the safety management of rental housing, Pan Zhengyan, a member of the Shenzhen CPPCC, said that due to the backward management means, the public security management of rental housing has become a difficulty.

According to the official data of Shenzhen Planning and Land Commission, the rental housing and industrial dormitories in urban villages accounted for 83% of the rental housing resources in the city. The relatively low rent of urban village housing reduces the impact of housing prices on residentsliving and living and becomes the first stop for university graduates and outsiders to come to Shenzhen. Sixteen functional departments, such as public security, security, fire control, health, market supervision commission, have become nerve endings of all government departments. They undertake 106 risk assessments and predictions, and become everything to be managed, but nothing to be managed well. Pan Zhengyan suggested that Shenzhen should set up a special agency to coordinate the management of rental housing, build a professional rental housing management team, and integrate it into the public security management system, so as to make the work of police co-governance efficient and form a synergy.

At present, there are 15906 grid workers in Shenzhen, with a minimum monthly income of 2600 yuan and a maximum of 4000 yuan, and the standards of each district are not uniform. Pan Zhengyan suggested that Shenzhen should improve the treatment and business ability of grid workers, establish a reward mechanism for grid workers, and turn Wanjin Oil into an expert in rental housing management. Moreover, it is suggested to implement face-brushing access control in urban villages, improve the efficiency of information acquisition in urban villages by means of science and technology. Video access control system can automatically push the residential information of floating population to the handheld information acquisition terminal of the grid worker, and change the working mode of the grid worker from traditional floor-sweeping to targeted door-to-door verification, which greatly improves the working efficiency. Pan Zhengyan said that Shenzhen can implement hotel-style management of rental housing, which is to visualize the decentralized rental housing as a virtual hotel room, and set up a hotel terrace with the basic functions of rental auditing, information collection, supervision and inspection, situation submission, rental transaction, rental deposit management, housing resources, credit evaluation of both sides of the lease, so as to achieve the goal. Regulate the role of the market.

Pan Zhengyan also said that Shenzhen rental housing management involves many departments. The rental housing management center belongs to the Municipal Law Commission. At present, the management is mainly dominated by police stations. Emergency command departments coordinate the emergence of fire control, security supervision and other issues, and the emergence of two custody and one rent disputes belongs to the management category of the market supervision committee. Due to the imperfection of laws and regulations and the weakness of punishment, the law enforcement is not strict. At present, Shenzhen rental housing management regulations for owners to fulfill the terms of responsibility is less, the owner participation is not high. For a large number of problems of second-hand landlords, there is no corresponding legal provisions as a basis for punishment, involving law enforcement because of the lack of corresponding legal provisions to protect, resulting in law enforcement officers shrunk. In this regard, Pan suggested that Shenzhen should improve the effective legal system, clarify the current difficulties of rental housing management through law, clarify the responsibilities of the government, owners and tenants, clarify the responsibilities of grid staff, not the only problem is to investigate the responsibility of grid staff. Moreover, we should further clarify the contents of leasing contracts, clarify the law enforcement process in the process of rental housing management, add penalty provisions for owners and second landlords who violate the law, fail to perform their safety duties, or even price fraud, and shall not set the target task of penalty. Source: Author of Golden Sheep: Li Xiaoxu, Editor-in-Charge of Wang Lei: Li Xi_NN2587

Pan Zhengyan also said that Shenzhen rental housing management involves many departments. The rental housing management center belongs to the Municipal Law Commission. At present, the management is mainly dominated by police stations. Emergency command departments coordinate the emergence of fire control, security supervision and other issues, and the emergence of two custody and one rent disputes belongs to the management category of the market supervision committee. Due to the imperfection of laws and regulations and the weakness of punishment, the law enforcement is not strict. At present, Shenzhen rental housing management regulations for owners to fulfill the terms of responsibility is less, the owner participation is not high. For a large number of problems of second-hand landlords, there is no corresponding legal provisions as a basis for punishment, involving law enforcement because of the lack of corresponding legal provisions to protect, resulting in law enforcement officers shrunk.

In this regard, Pan suggested that Shenzhen should improve the effective legal system, clarify the current difficulties of rental housing management through law, clarify the responsibilities of the government, owners and tenants, clarify the responsibilities of grid staff, not the only problem is to investigate the responsibility of grid staff. Moreover, we should further clarify the contents of leasing contracts, clarify the law enforcement process in the process of rental housing management, add penalty provisions for owners and second landlords who violate the law, fail to perform their safety duties, or even price fraud, and shall not set the target task of penalty.