In May 3rd, the web site of the American dialogue magazine published the report of Caroline Rivers, a doctoral student at Yale University, entitled the forgotten war in the Panama Canal in April 16th. In 1914, after 10 years of construction, the 77 kilometer the Panama Canal was formally navigated. At that time it was the greatest infrastructure project in the history of the world. It realized a dream that people had dreamed for hundreds of years but seemed to have been unrealistic. Reporter Arthur Brad filled with awe, wrote: human beings have never thought that we can grasp nature like this. However, this project is not only arbitrary in nature, but also in human life. The whole project hired more than 40 thousand labor. Thousands of labor died. The official figure is 5609, but many historians believe that the actual number of deaths should be several times higher. In addition, there are at least hundreds of people who are disabled for thousands of lives. On the one side is a great achievement and a shocking number of casualties. Then, as a project responsibility party, how does the US government reconcile the two? Engineering forces in the United States The the Panama Canal project has been aiming at highlighting the exceptionalism of American power and capability from the very beginning. In 1880s, the French tried to build the canal. After years of fighting against the untamed dangerous mountains and the raging diseases, the French finally gave up after the cost of about 20 thousand labor was sent away. The United States bought the equipment of the French company and threatened another way. The US government first tried to reach agreement with Columbia, which controls the land needed to build the canal. After the failure, the United States turned to support the separatist forces of Panama to rebel and quickly signed an agreement with the newly established country, which completely controlled the 16 kilometer wide canal zone. In order to control the moody River and provide electricity for the sluice system of the canal, the largest dam in the world must be built. And formed a huge lake of 1/3, which covers the transport section between the Atlantic and the Pacific Ocean. The construction of the canal brought devastating destruction. Villages and forests were submerged throughout the whole area, and a railway built in the 50 year of nineteenth Century had to be diverted. However, the most difficult part is Cu Laib La Naal, the current canal, which is an artificial canal in about 13 kilometers of mountainous area. For this reason, more than 100 million cubic meters of soil had to be dug up. In only 3 years, the project consumed about 8000000 kilograms of explosives. The non cherished labor force The jubilant propaganda covers the creepy working conditions. They were obedience to a Jim croo regime, a day of two citizens, a bad meal, a long job, and a small salary. There is a constant danger. Forster took the movie excavator (1984), and now there are only a small number of films in the libraries all over the world. The film contains some single handed testimony to illustrate how hard it was for the US empire to dig up the backbone of Panama. One of the workers who told Forster about that years experience was Konstantin Parkinson. Although he had a steady voice, he could hardly face the camera. Parkinson began digging the canal from the age of 15. Like many people, he probably lied about his age. Before long, he worked as a maintenance worker and probably worked on a train transporting stones to a breakwater. July 16, 1913 is the day he will never forget. On that day, he lost his right leg and his left foot was crushed. Parkinson said his grandmother went to George Gossels, the chief engineer, hoping to get some help. But, as Parkinson said, Gore Searless reply was very straightforward: Dear Madam, Congress has not passed any laws... It is stipulated (for the labor of the severed limb) to compensate. But dont worry. As long as your grandson can work, you will be taken care of, even in a wheelchair. At first, the US government did not make laws to protect tens of thousands of foreign laborers from Barbados, Jamaica and Spain. Gore Searles and other managers believe that labor is desperate to make money and there will be no excessive disturbance. A cold consolation After several years of construction, the isthmus canal committee finally began applying for more specific compensation policies in 1908. They also signed a contract with the New York manufacturer A A Marx, which provides artificial limbs to workers who have been injured, and the principle should be no color, no nationality, no division of work, no distinction. However, such compensation is still far from enough. Many people can not enjoy compensation because the United States deliberately tightens the terms of compensation. Conquering the dangerous waters and realizing the cargo access and the mobilization of military power, for these dreams, the flesh and blood of these people paid a heavy price. (compiling / Yu Xiaohua) In August 15, 2014, at the 100th anniversary ceremony of the the Panama Canal navigation ceremony held in Panama City, people were standing beside the cake made in the miniature landscape of the Panama Canal. This article source: Reference News Network Editor: Lee Ying Ying _NBJS5961 In August 15, 2014, at the 100th anniversary ceremony of the the Panama Canal navigation ceremony held in Panama City, people were standing beside the cake made in the miniature landscape of the Panama Canal.