# Last year, the per capita disposable income of Chinese residents increased by 6.5percent to 28,228 yuan.

In 2018, the per capita disposable income of Chinese residents was 28,228 yuan, an increase of 8.7% over the nominal level of the previous year, and a real increase of 6.5% after deducting the price factor. Among them, the per capita disposable income of urban residents was 39,251 yuan, increasing by 7.8% (nominal growth over the same period as the previous year, if not specified below). After deducting the price factor, the real increase was 5.6%. The per capita disposable income of rural residents was 14,617 yuan, increasing by 8.8%. After deducting the price factor, the real increase was 6.6%.

The median per capita disposable income of the whole country was 24,336 yuan, an increase of 8.6% over the previous year, and the median was 86.2% of the average. Among them, the median per capita disposable income of urban residents was 36413 yuan, an increase of 7.6%, which was 92.8% of the average; the median per capita disposable income of rural residents was 13066 yuan, an increase of 9.2%, which was 89.4% of the average.

Figure 1: Average and median per capita disposable income of Chinese residents in 2018

According to the income source, the per capita wage income of the whole country was 15829 yuan, an increase of 8.3% over the previous year, accounting for 56.1% of disposable income; the per capita net operating income was 4852 yuan, an increase of 7.8%, accounting for 17.2% of disposable income; the per capita net property income was 2379 yuan, an increase of 12.9%, accounting for 8.4% of disposable income; the per capita net transfer income was 5168 yuan, an increase of 8.9%, accounting for expendable income. The proportion of allotment income is 18.3%.

II. ResidentsConsumption Expenditure

In 2018, the per capita consumption expenditure of Chinese residents was 19853 yuan, an increase of 8.4% over the nominal level of the previous year, and a real increase of 6.2% after deducting the price factor. Among them, the per capita consumption expenditure of urban residents was 26112 yuan, an increase of 6.8%, with a real increase of 4.6% after deducting price factors; the per capita consumption expenditure of rural residents was 12124 yuan, an increase of 10.7%, with a real increase of 8.4% after deducting price factors.

In the whole year, the per capita expenditure on food, tobacco and alcohol consumption increased by 4.8% over the previous year, accounting for 28.4% of the per capita expenditure on consumption; the per capita expenditure on clothing and clothing consumption increased by 4.1%, accounting for 6.5% of the per capita expenditure on consumption; the per capita expenditure on residential consumption increased by 13.1%, accounting for 23.4% of the per capita expenditure on consumption of food, tobacco and alcohol; and the per capita expenditure on daily necessities The per capita expenditure on transportation and communications increased by 7.1%, accounting for 13.5% of the per capita expenditure on consumption; the per capita expenditure on education, culture and entertainment increased by 6.7%, accounting for 11.2% of the per capita expenditure on consumption; the per capita expenditure on health care increased by 16.1%, accounting for 8.5% of the per capita expenditure on consumption; He spent 477 yuan on goods and services, an increase of 6.8%, accounting for 2.4% of per capita consumption expenditure.

Figure 2 Per capita Consumption Expenditure and Composition of Chinas Residents in 2018

Table 1 Main Data of National ResidentsIncome and Expenditure in 2018

index

Absolute quantity (yuan)

Increase (%) over the previous year

(1) Per capita disposable income of residents throughout the country

Twenty-eight thousand two hundred and twenty-eight

8.7 (6.5)

On a permanent basis:

Urban residents

Thirty-nine thousand two hundred and fifty-one

7.8 (5.6)

Rural residents

Fourteen thousand six hundred and seventeen

8.8 (6.6)

According to income sources:

Wage income

Fifteen thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine

Eight point three

Net operating income

Four thousand eight hundred and fifty-two

Seven point eight

Net income from property

Two thousand three hundred and seventy-nine

Twelve point nine

Transfer of net income

Five thousand one hundred and sixty-eight

Eight point nine

(2) Median per capita disposable income of Chinese residents

Twenty-four thousand three hundred and thirty-six

Eight point six

On a permanent basis:

Urban residents

Thirty-six thousand four hundred and thirteen

Seven point six

Rural residents

Thirteen thousand and sixty-six

Nine point two

(3) National per capita consumption expenditure

Nineteen thousand eight hundred and fifty-three

8.4 (6.2)

On a permanent basis:

Urban residents

Twenty-six thousand one hundred and twelve

6.8 (4.6)

Rural residents

Twelve thousand one hundred and twenty-four

10.7 (8.4)

By consumption category:

food or smoke wine

Five thousand six hundred and thirty-one

Four point eight

Clothing

One thousand two hundred and eighty-nine

Four point one

live

Four thousand six hundred and forty-seven

Thirteen point one

Living goods and services

One thousand two hundred and twenty-three

Nine point one

Traffic communication

Two thousand six hundred and seventy-five

Seven point one

Education, Culture and Entertainment

Two thousand two hundred and twenty-six

Six point seven

medical care

One thousand six hundred and eighty-five

Sixteen point one

Other supplies and services

Four hundred and seventy-seven

Six point eight

Note:

(1) Per capita disposable income of residents = per capita disposable income of urban residents * proportion of urban population + per capita disposable income of rural residents * proportion of rural population.

(2) The nominal growth rate of per capita disposable income of residents is equal to (per capita disposable income in the current year/per capita disposable income in the previous year-1)*100%;

Real growth rate of per capita disposable income = nominal growth rate of per capita disposable income / consumer price index of the same period.

(3) The per capita disposable income of residents in China is based on the basic data of the national sample survey of more than 100,000 households and weighted by the number of households represented by each sample household. Affected by urbanization and population migration, the population composition of urban and rural areas and regions has changed in different periods, sometimes leading to the phenomenon that the growth rate of national residentsincome exceeds the growth rate of urban and rural residents income. Mainly in the process of urbanization, a part of the population with higher income in rural areas enter urban areas, but the cities and towns belong to the lower income groups, their migration has a low effect on the income of urban and rural residents; but whether in urban or rural areas, its income growth effect will be reflected in the income growth of all residents.

(4) Compared with the previous years growth column, the data in parentheses are actual growth rate and the others are nominal growth rate.

(5) The average and median income are the statistics reflecting the trend of income concentration. Means can not only directly reflect the overall situation, but also reflect the overall structure, which facilitates the comparison of income levels among different groups, but is vulnerable to the impact of extreme data. The median reflects the situation of intermediate objects, which is more robust and can avoid the impact of extreme data, but can not reflect the structure.

Table 22018 Main Data of Urban and Rural ResidentsIncome and Expenditure

index

Absolute quantity

(yuan)

Nominal growth over the previous year

(%)

(1) Per capita disposable income of urban residents

Thirty-nine thousand two hundred and fifty-one

Seven point eight

According to income sources:

Wage income

Twenty-three thousand seven hundred and ninety-two

Seven point two

Net operating income

Four thousand four hundred and forty-three

Nine point three

Net income from property

Four thousand and twenty-eight

Eleven point seven

Transfer of net income

Six thousand nine hundred and eighty-eight

Seven point one

(2) Per capita consumption expenditure of urban residents

Twenty-six thousand one hundred and twelve

Six point eight

By consumption category:

food or smoke wine

Seven thousand two hundred and thirty-nine

Three point four

Clothing

One thousand eight hundred and eight

Two point nine

live

Six thousand two hundred and fifty-five

Twelve point four

Living goods and services

One thousand six hundred and twenty-nine

Six point eight

Traffic communication

Three thousand four hundred and seventy-three

Four point six

Education, Culture and Entertainment

Two thousand nine hundred and seventy-four

Four point five

medical care

Two thousand and forty-six

Fifteen point one

Other supplies and services

Six hundred and eighty-seven

Five point five

(3) Per capita disposable income of rural residents

Fourteen thousand six hundred and seventeen

Eight point eight

According to income sources:

Wage income

Five thousand nine hundred and ninety-six

Nine point one

Net operating income

Five thousand three hundred and fifty-eight

Six point six

Net income from property

Three hundred and forty-two

Twelve point nine

Transfer of net income

Two thousand nine hundred and twenty

Twelve point two

(4) Per capita consumption expenditure of rural residents

Twelve thousand one hundred and twenty-four

Ten point seven

By consumption category:

food or smoke wine

Three thousand six hundred and forty-six

Six point seven

Clothing

Six hundred and forty-eight

Five point nine

live

Two thousand six hundred and sixty-one

Thirteen

Living goods and services

Seven hundred and twenty

Thirteen point six

Traffic communication

One thousand six hundred and ninety

Twelve

Education, Culture and Entertainment

One thousand three hundred and two

Eleven point one

medical care

One thousand two hundred and forty

Seventeen point one

Other supplies and services

Two hundred and eighteen

Eight point seven

Note appended

1. Interpretation of Indicators

The disposable income of residents refers to the sum of the final consumption expenditure and savings that residents can use, that is, the income that residents can use freely, including both cash income and physical income. According to the source of income, disposable income includes wage income, net operating income, net property income and net transfer income.

Resident consumption expenditure refers to the total expenditure that residents spend to meet their daily consumption needs, including both cash consumption expenditure and physical consumption expenditure. Consumption expenditure includes food, tobacco and alcohol, clothing, housing, daily necessities and services, transportation and communications, education, culture and entertainment, health care and other goods and services.

Median per capita income refers to the average per capita income of all households in the middle of the survey, ranked from low to high per capita income level.

Quarterly income and expenditure data do not include the income and consumption of the self-produced and self-used part of residents, and annual income and expenditure data include.

2. Investigation methods

The data of income and expenditure of the whole country and the urban and rural residents come from the household income and expenditure and living condition survey organized and implemented by the National Bureau of Statistics, which is published quarterly.

The National Bureau of Statistics adopted the method of stratified, multi-stage and probability sampling proportional to the size of the population, and randomly selected 160,000 households from 1800 counties (cities and districts) in 31 provinces (districts and municipalities) as households.

In accordance with the unified system and method, the direct investigation teams stationed by the State Statistical Bureau in various places organize household accounts to collect data on residentsincome, expenditure, household operation and production investment. At the same time, according to the unified questionnaire, they collect other surveys on household members and labor employment, housing and durable consumer goods ownership, residents enjoyment of basic social and public services, etc. Content. After data acquisition is completed, the investigation teams at the city and county levels use unified methods and data processing procedures to code, verify and input the original survey data, and then transmit the household-based data directly to the National Statistical Bureau for unified summary calculation.

Source: Responsible Editor of the National Bureau of Statistics: Li Hang_BJS 4645