Ning Jizhao, director of the National Bureau of Statistics, introduced at the press conference that the total population grew steadily in 2018 and the urbanization rate continued to increase. At the end of the year, the total population of the mainland of China (including 31 provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the Central Government and servicemen of the Chinese Peoples Liberation Army, excluding Hong Kong, Macao Special Administrative Region, Taiwan Province and overseas Chinese) was 1395.38 million, an increase of 5.3 million over the end of the previous year. There were 15.23 million births and a birth rate of 10.94, 9.93 million deaths and a mortality rate of 7.13 and a natural population growth rate of 3.81.
In terms of gender structure, the male population is 713.51 million and the female population is 681.87 million. The sex ratio of the total population is 104.64 (with 100 females).
In terms of age composition, 897.29 million people of working age aged between 16 and 59 accounted for 64.3% of the total population; 249.49 million people aged 60 and above accounted for 17.9% of the total population, of which 166.58 million people aged 65 and above accounted for 11.9% of the total population.
From the perspective of urban and rural structure, the permanent population of cities and towns is 831.37 million, an increase of 17.9 million over the end of last year; the permanent population of villages is 564.01 million, a decrease of 12.6 million; and the proportion of urban population in the total population (urbanization rate) is 59.58%, which is 1.06 percentage points higher than that at the end of last year. The population of household segregation in China (i.e. the population whose residence and registered residence are not in the same Township street and who have left the registered residence for more than half a year) is 286 million, a decrease of 4.5 million over the end of last year, of which 241 million are migrants, a decrease of 3.78 million over the end of last year.
Statistical Bureau: The effect of the comprehensive two-child policy in 2017 continues to show.
BEIJING, Jan. 21, according to the website of the National Bureau of Statistics, Li Xiru, director of the Department of Population and Employment of the National Bureau of Statistics, said that the birth population of 17.23 million people in 2017 was the second highest in history since 2000. In particular, the number of births of two children increased significantly compared with 2016, and the proportion continued to rise. The effect of the comprehensive two-child policy continued to show.