China-Singapore longitude and latitude client January 21, 21, Ning Jizhe, director of the National Bureau of Statistics, said in response to the question unemployment rate at the end of last year was 4.9%, Foxconn had a large-scale dismissal phenomenon before the end of last year, the case is correct. He also pointed out that the impact of Sino-US economic and trade frictions on Chinas economic operation is generally controllable.
On the 21st, the State New Office held a press conference on the operation of the national economy in 2018. Ning Jitao, director of the National Bureau of Statistics, was invited to introduce the operation of the national economy in 2018 and answer questions from reporters. At the meeting, some journalists asked: Chinas economic changes have worries, which aspects of these worries come from? How many are trade frictions with the United States? Foxconn laid off workers on a large scale before the Spring Festival. Can the 4.9% unemployment rate accurately describe the unemployment situation in China?
Ningjizhao responded that since the second quarter of last year, Sino-US economic and trade frictions have begun to emerge. In the face of economic and trade frictions, the Chinese government has adopted six stable policies in time, namely, stable employment, stable finance, stable foreign trade, stable foreign investment, stable investment and stable expectations. It should be said that the impact of Sino-US economic and trade frictions on economic operation is indeed there, but the impact is generally controllable.
Ningjizhao further pointed out that the import and export trade data also showed this point. From the data of Chinas economic operation, it is generally believed that the fourth quarter was more affected by the international situation.
Ningji Zhe said that in the past two months, the main economic indicators have risen or fallen, but in general, they have tended to be moderate and stable. In December, for example, the main indicators of investment, consumption, industry and service industry were either flat or slightly increased, which was generally stable. Fixed assets investment increased by 5.9% in January-December compared with the same period in January-11. In December, the total retail sales of social consumer goods increased by 8.2% year on year, 0.1 percentage points faster than in November; the added value of industries above scale increased by 5.7% year on year, 0.3 percentage points higher than in November; the production index of service industry increased by 7.3% year on year, 0.1 percentage points faster than in November; although the PMI of manufacturing industry declined, the business activity index of non-manufacturing industry increased, and the service industry continued to be in a boom zone. The construction industry index has risen sharply.
Ningjitao pointed out that economic and trade frictions have an impact not only on the economies of China and the United States, but also on the global economy.
Overall, we are moving forward to overcome this influence. China and the United States will benefit from a combination of economic benefits and losses, while a combination will lead to a win-win situation. All countries in the world will benefit, while a fight will lead to a loss. Ningjitao said that the working groups of China and the United States have maintained close communication, conducted extensive consultations and made positive progress, which is important news for both countries, including the world economy.
Personally, I have noticed that both the stock market and Twitter on the other side of the ocean have some positive effects on the negotiations. Looking from the long-term development trend, the trend of globalization of world economic development has not changed. Chinas economy has been deeply integrated into the world economy. The volume of Sino-US trade in goods has exceeded 630 billion US dollars. The essence of mutual benefit and win-win situation will not change. The potential of cooperation demand is huge. At the same time, it should be noted that Chinas overall economic growth is dominated by domestic demand. In 2018, the contribution rate of consumption growth and investment growth together exceeded 100%, while the contribution rate of net exports was negative. Moreover, Chinas domestic market has a vast space to open up. Economic and trade frictions have not changed and will not change the basic aspects of Chinas economic development. The resilience of Chinas economy to resist pressure and the stamina to cope with shocks will remain unchanged in the long run.
Regarding the unemployment rate, Ningjizhao said that before, the unemployment rate was mainly registered in cities and towns, which was registered in the labor department. Since last year, the National Bureau of Statistics has published a survey of unemployment in cities and towns. This data has been tested internally for five years. Regardless of the system, method and sample distribution, it is carried out in accordance with the standards of the International Labour Organization and is representative.
Ningjizhao further explained, Because ILO is more affected by Europe, our method and system of surveying unemployment rate are consistent with those of European countries, and the caliber of the United States may be a little narrower than ours. In December, the unemployment rate was 4.9% in Chinas urban survey, 3.9% in the United States, 3.4% in the third quarter, and 6.6% in the whole year of 2018. The average unemployment rate in European countries is about 8%. In some countries, the unemployment rate is more than 10%. The economic growth rate is about 2%. Japans economic growth rate is about 1%. Of course, Japan is facing a shortage of labor force. Its unemployment rate is the lowest in the major developed economies. If we make an international comparison of the unemployment rate surveys, the situation will be very clear.
As for Foxconns dismissal, Ning said, There are cases.
At the same time, Ningjizhao pointed out that new enterprises are still entering China, whether in service industry or manufacturing industry, including 10 billion yuan in scale. It is normal for foreign capital to have access to and out. The global adjustment of the layout of multinational enterprises will bring about the transfer of employment and re-employment of some workers.
At the same time, we should also see that the shortage of skilled workers, skilled workers and new talents has also occurred in quite a number of enterprises, whether in the coastal areas or in the central and Western regions, so the structural contradiction of employment is still relatively large. Ningji Zhe said. (Sino-Singapore longitude and latitude APP)
Source of this article: responsible editor of Sino-Singapore longitude and latitude: Yao Liwei_NT6056