The coolest job in the world: research and development of robots and use cases.

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 The coolest job in the world: research and development of robots and use cases.


Programming and manufacturing these robots is a very attractive job. Many researchers repair the machines in the lab and write computer software to control them. Howey Josette, of Carnegie Mellon University, said: they are the best toys in the market. HowieChoset Josette is a robotics expert, mainly in robot design, programming and manufacturing. A magical snake like robot In order to continue his research in robotics, Josette studied computer science in University. But when he was a graduate student at California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, Josette found that his colleagues were studying something more cool than a remote car, the robot snake. Some robots can only move forward, backward or left and right. But snake like robots can twist into different directions and move on many different terrain. Josette concluded: robot snakes are much more interesting than cars. Photo 1: robot snake developed by Josette and his team can twist ahead in different directions. These snake like robots can roll forward, slowly climb up ones legs, and even swim. After working at Carnegie Mellon University, Josette and his colleagues began developing their own snake like robots. Typical serpentine robots are interconnected by metal containers, each part of which consists of motors and electronic components. Josettes team programmed snake like robots to move like real snake, such as gliding and moving slowly. This robot will also move in a way that does not belong to snakes, such as rolling. Josettes snake like robot can climb over the grass, swim in the pond, and even climb the flagpole. These robots have another characteristic: they can maneuver in narrow space. Josette said, snakes can get into places we cant reach, so this robot can also be used to save lives. For example, after the earthquake, serpentine robots may help people find people trapped in collapsed buildings. For rescuers, it is very dangerous and difficult to search those buildings. However, with the help of a snake like robot equipped with a webcam, rescuers can search for survivors outside the safe distance of the ruins. With the help of search and rescue personnel, Josette tested his robot at the rescue training base in Texas, known as the disaster city. But Josette wants to know if his snake robot is also useful in medicine. For some cardiac operations, doctors must open the chest and cut the sternum. And the recovery of these operations is very painful. If a doctor can open a small hole in his body and send a slender robot snake to complete the operation, what will happen? The Josette team is currently working with the heart surgeon of Harvard Medical School, Marco Zenadi (MarcoZenati), to study the idea. Snake like robots can even be used to search ancient antiques. Josette is exploring the possibility of sending robots to Egyptian archaeological sites, which are too small or too dangerous for people to enter. The snake like robot equipped with cameras can show scientists what is inside, or even find artifacts. Josette said: even after 15 years of teamwork, I will not be tired of watching our snake like robots move. followership Maurizio Porfiri, a mechanical engineer at New York Universitys science and Engineering Institute (MaurizioPorfiri), is also making robots similar to animals. But he has different aims to help real animals. Boflies team created robots that looked like fish. The researchers hope their machines will be convincing enough to allow real fish to accept robotic fish as part of their group. In this way, the robot can pull the fish away from the dangerous place, such as the oil spill area. Figure 2: the design and manufacture of a robot that mimics fish by the team and his team. Bo Fei has always been very interested in animals. One of his favorite activities during his growing up was going to the zoo. But she also likes robots seen in Japanese comics. So when he began to create his own lab, he decided to combine these two interests. The researchers put fish like robots in the ditch of the laboratory, allowing the tail of the robot fish to beat the water at different speeds. Then they joined the real fish, such as golden light fish, and measured the time of the golden fish in the vicinity of the fish shaped robot. They also observed that the fish was swimming in front or behind the robotic fish. If the tail of the robot fish is not swinging, the golden fish will not pay much attention to it. But when the tail of a robotic fish moves at a certain speed, the fish begins to swim behind it. Po Fei Li believes that fish will swim with robots, because that will save them more energy. ? However, not all fish follow the robotic fish, and the team is now trying to find out why. Engineers may need to use several different robots, each robot attracting or rejecting different fish to attract as many followers as possible. The team is also developing a robot submarine to help animals in captivity. A submarine with a propeller will hurt the animal. Therefore, researchers are developing a safe submarine with all its moving parts inside it. Aquarium trainers can use robot submarines to play with seals or walrus animals. For example, trainers can attach food to submarines and allow animals to prey, just as they prey on wild animals. A robot with character When Maya Matarik (MajaMatari?) went to high school, she wrote a computer program to talk to someone. The user can input messages in the computer, and the program will display the reply afterwards. Now, a robotics expert at University of Southern California in Losangeles is leading the project called social assistance robot. These devices can talk, gesture and walk around. Photo 3: Tariqs team is designing a robot that helps people with communication skills to practise social skills. Tariq wants her robot to help sick or physically handicapped people. For example, people with Alzheimers disease may have memory and brain function problems, and may need help with psychological exercises. People who try to regain their arm function after stroke may need encouragement to continue doing useful exercises. However, because there are not enough people to provide all kinds of help, we need technical intervention. Mar Tariq and her colleagues programmed the robot with high knees, urged the patients to exercise, and then monitored the movement of the patients. If the person takes the initiative to use his or her arm, the robot will give encouragement. The team tested the robot on 6 stroke patients. When robots are present, patients will exercise more often than they do without prompting and follow instructions. Next, the researchers tested whether the robots personality affected peoples reaction to it. Robots can be directly close to the patient, speak loudly, and make powerful statements, such as you can do it! at other times, the researchers will let the robot act in a more shy way. During this time, the robot kept a certain distance from the patient and offered some advice softly, such as I know its hard, but remember its for you. ? In this study, healthy adults exercise with their weaker hands. These tasks are similar to those of those who try to recover from stroke, such as moving pencils or reading newspapers. The team found that when the robots personality is similar to itself, people will practice their tasks for a longer time. Mar Tariq is also studying robots that help autistic children. Children with these diseases have difficulties in communicating and interacting with people. Tariq hopes that robots can help these children practice social skills. The advantage of robots is that they never feel tired, depressed or angry. The team of Tariq designed and programmed a 1 meter tall humanoid robot, Bandit, which can make noise, move around and blow bubbles. In one study, researchers looked at how 8 children with autism spectrum disorders cope with Bandit. Some children seem to like this device. They talk to the robot, play with it, and try to get the machine to follow them. The other children seemed uncomfortable with it, perhaps because of the sound of the Bandit motor. These children stay away from robots, close to their parents or wait against the wall. The Tariq team is working on improving Bandit so that robots can show good reactions or negative reactions to children. For example, if a child is hiding behind a wall, Bandit may step back, make an encouraging noise, or simply turn off the motor. Mar Tariq, Josette and Po Fei Li are just one of the engineers who are devotes to robot research and development today. Mar Tariq said: whether you want to create a robot to explore the ocean, or to travel to outer space, to help the elderly, or to carry out medical procedures, we can do almost nothing in this field. (small) source: NetEase science and technology report editor: Bai Xin _NT4464 The team of Tariq designed and programmed a 1 meter tall humanoid robot, Bandit, which can make noise, move around and blow bubbles. In one study, researchers looked at how 8 children with autism spectrum disorders cope with Bandit. Some children seem to like this device. They talk to the robot, play with it, and try to get the machine to follow them. The other children seemed uncomfortable with it, perhaps because of the sound of the Bandit motor. These children stay away from robots, close to their parents or wait against the wall. The Tariq team is working on improving Bandit so that robots can show good reactions or negative reactions to children. For example, if a child is hiding behind a wall, Bandit may step back, make an encouraging noise, or simply turn off the motor. Mar Tariq, Josette and Po Fei Li are just one of the engineers who are devotes to robot research and development today. Mar Tariq said: whether you want to create a robot to explore the ocean, or to travel to outer space, to help the elderly, or to carry out medical procedures, we can do almost nothing in this field. (small)