Nowadays, a ban on Trump has allowed the whole nation to popularize semiconductor and IC knowledge overnight. Such a feat was easily carried out by him. Last month, the WeChat public micro Tsinghua issued by Tsinghua Universitys Micro Electronics Department sent the above sigh. Visual China In fact, the IC industry is not only a technology intensive, capital intensive industry, but also a talent intensive industry. At the same time, while the domestic market has invested heavily in the IC industry, the next two data are worrying. The China integrated circuit industry white paper (2016-2017) published in May 2017 (hereinafter referred to as white paper) shows that the total number of integrated circuit practitioners in China is less than 300 thousand at present, but the total output value of the Chinese integrated circuit industry is less than 700 thousand people, and the total amount of talent training is seriously inadequate. According to lookout, Wei Shaojun, vice president of the school of information science and technology of Tsinghua University, said that every year, the Tsinghua University microelectronics graduates have a loss rate of about 30% to 40%. Lack of integrated circuit graduates enjoy family allowance According to the news of the Xiamen daily, May 2nd: Xiamen will set up an IC industry investment fund, which will be less than 50 billion yuan, as the parent fund, to guide the social capital, industrial capital and financial capital to the integrated circuit industry. In addition, in the Xiamen integrated circuit enterprise as the core member of the senior management and technical team, the annual salary (pre tax) is 300 thousand yuan (including), and it is rewarded by 25% of the local remaining part of the individual income tax in three years salary income. It is used for the talent to purchase (rent) room, car, decoration, furniture and household appliances, training, Consumer spending on the education of minor children. Integrated circuit industry related to the shortage of professional graduates will also enjoy a home subsidy, including 800 yuan / month, 400 yuan / month for housing subsidies, 1200 yuan / month for a masters home subsidy, 600 yuan per month for rental housing subsidies, 2000 yuan per month for doctoral students and 1000 yuan per month for rental housing subsidies, and 2 years for the enjoyment of subsidies. Visual China (unrelated to graphics) According to Xinhua News Agency previously reported that Xiamens integrated circuit industry has developed rapidly in recent years. Along with a batch of leading industries, such as Lian Xin, San an, purple light, Tongfu micro electricity and Shi LAN micro, the Xiamen integrated circuit industry has basically formed a whole industry chain covering IC design, manufacturing, sealing, equipment and materials, as well as upstream and downstream applications. In 2017, the output value of the integrated circuit industry was nearly 15 billion yuan, with a growth of nearly 40%. The output value of these enterprises ranks the top six in China, and the output value of design industry ranks fourth in the whole country. Industrial chain investment has made remarkable achievements. At present, there are a total of 170 integrated circuit enterprises in the city, initially forming industrial agglomeration. The latest policy in Xiamen can be regarded as a cardio for students who are studying or planning to study integrated circuits. According to China Youth Daily, the talent pool of chip industry in Colleges and universities is worrying. Almost everyone is doing things that are computer applications, not basic things. Li Yidong, an associate professor at Beijing Jiaotong University, understands the objective difference between the basic and applied fields of computer science, the rate of employment in Colleges and universities, the expectations of the students, but he believes that both salary and talent are far too different. According to the white paper published last May, it is noted that the annual salary of R & D professionals for integrated circuit enterprises is nearly 300 thousand yuan, and the production and manufacturing professionals are nearly 200 thousand yuan. The average annual salary of the undergraduate students in the chip design is nearly 150 thousand yuan, and the doctorate degree is nearly 300 thousand yuan. According to the survey, 80% of enterprises pay a yearly salary, and the proportion of salary adjustment is between 5% and 10%. However, this salary level is obviously less than that of the hot posts of Internet companies, especially the salaries of big data and artificial intelligence. The recruitment information of the Internet talent recruitment website, such as La hook net, shows that the computer professional graduate with 4~5 years of work experience can get the maximum salary of 40 thousand yuan a month. Considering that many Internet Co will pay more than 12 months salary, the final annual salary can exceed 500 thousand yuan. Zhang Yongfeng, an associate professor of Dalian Neusoft Information Institute, said that the IT assessment system should be changed. We should not take all professions in one size fits all, especially the national title assessment and performance appraisal. He thinks, in the field of chip, our country is behind the European and American countries, it is impossible to produce a lot of achievements and make a lot of money in a short time. If the assessment of the chip talent at this time is the same as in other fields, only the academic papers and the performance theory, there may be a lot of people leaving this field to choose better treatment. According to the economic observation network, in April 27th, at the Tsinghua future technology EMBA release ceremony, Wei Shaojun said that the number of students in the microelectronics is not enough. More importantly, a considerable proportion of the students who are already short of their own numbers will be engaged in other fields after graduation, such as the Internet finance field or civil servants. Wei Shaojun estimated that nearly 15%-20% of microelectronics students finally entered the civil service sequence. Visual China (unrelated to graphics) In fact, the appeal for talent training in Colleges and universities has existed for many years. Lookout, Wei Shaojun analyzed the difficulties faced by the training of integrated circuit talents: most schools set up colleges according to the classification of the first class, but the microelectronics specialty belongs to the two level subject, and it is difficult to set up independent colleges, and the school still has the problem of allocation of resources according to the administration, because the enrollment scale of the microelectronic specialty is limited. There are about 30% to 40% loss rates for graduates each year, and talent training is a long-term process. It takes at least 3 years after a masters graduation to be a real talent. He suggested that domestic universities should consider market demand more in terms of discipline setting. Now people are much more difficult than ten years ago, Mao Chenglie, deputy general manager of Wuxi Li Xin microelectronics Limited by Share Ltd, sighed. Yao Donghan, deputy general manager of Huarun Microelectronics Co., Ltd. described the current talent competition as white hot: Many areas are speeding up the construction of integrated circuit production lines. There may be hundreds of thousands of talent gaps in the next five years, but thousands of graduates can be trained only in Colleges and universities each year. In terms of structure, the industry needs to build a talent echelon, not only for top talents, but also for engineers with professional knowledge and craftsmen spirit. According to the XinDa Securities Research Report, since this year, China has set off another wave of integrated circuit investment boom, such as Hunan, Yunnan and other provinces and cities, Alibaba, Hengda and other enterprises have entered the semiconductor industry. Wei Shaojun pointed out that there should be four conditions for the development of integrated circuits, namely, whether there is a corresponding industrial base in the local area, whether there is enough financial support in the local area, whether there is enough human resources in the local area, and can form the agglomeration effect. These four conditions are indispensable. Therefore, while stepping into the integrated circuit industry, we should be cautious of overheating investment. Visual China Chinas integrated circuit industry has the best opportunity in history Every Xiaobian understands that the integrated circuit, known as modern industrial food, is the cornerstone of the new generation of information industry, such as Internet of things, big data and cloud computing. In the government work report of March 5th this year, we pointed out that we should speed up the construction of a manufacturing power. The development of integrated circuits, fifth generation mobile communications, aircraft engines, new energy vehicles, new materials, etc., among them, integrated circuits are put in the first place, reflecting the great importance of our country to the development of the integrated circuit industry. In addition, in the 13th Five-Year national strategic emerging industry development plan issued by the State Council in 2016, integrated circuits have been included in one of the national strategic emerging industries. And now the situation is not optimistic. Our country is a big consumer of integrated circuit products, but the overall self-sufficiency rate is low, and the import dependence is serious. In recent years, the trade deficit of integrated circuit products in China has been expanding. Ni Guangnan, a 79 year old academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering, recently interviewed China and new longitude and weft, pointing out that the chip industry is mainly divided into two pieces of design and manufacture. Chinas short board is mainly made in manufacturing, and it will take at least ten years and eight years in manufacturing to catch up with the United States. But now the environment is really different. According to lookout, Huang Anjun, Secretary General of Wuxi Semiconductor Industry Association, believes that Chinas IC industry will usher in the best golden opportunity in history. One is Moores law approaching physical limits, and the industry is driven from technology driven to application driven. Two, China has become the largest market in the world, and the IC industry will usher in the third international shift. Three, there are decades of industrial accumulation in China, and the state attaches great importance to the IC industry. There are also analysts from foreign institutions holding the same view. Asia commentary quoted BernsteinResearch analyst MarkLi as saying: Today, compared with decades of frustration in building semiconductor industry in China, the situation is quite different now. This time, for China, it is a completely new story. Because China now has all the appropriate development elements, including a huge consumer market, and strong local manufacturers of local smart phones, televisions, computers and cars. In April 25th, President Ma Yun, the chairman of the board of directors of Ali, said that China and Japan need to develop autonomous semiconductor core technologies to get rid of the US control of the global chip market, according to Ma Yun, who first responded to the takeover in Waseda University. The road may be rugged, but we do need to own our own chips, and at the initial stage, we dont care about whether its profitable or whether we can cause a price collapse on the market, Ma Yun said. Source: Daily Economic News Editor: Guo Ping _B7442 Today, compared with decades of frustration in building semiconductor industry in China, the situation is quite different now. In April 25th, President Ma Yun, the chairman of the board of directors of Ali, said that China and Japan need to develop autonomous semiconductor core technologies to get rid of the US control of the global chip market, according to Ma Yun, who first responded to the takeover in Waseda University. Ma Yun said: The road may be rugged, but we do need to own our own chips, and at the initial stage, we dont care about whether its profitable, or whether we are going to cause a price collapse in the market.