How to deal with sensitive targets such as residential buildings?

category:Society
 How to deal with sensitive targets such as residential buildings?


How should the EIA documents of subway, light rail, monorail, tram traffic, medium low speed maglev and other urban rail transit projects be examined and approved? The Ministry of ecological environment has formulated the principle of examination and approval. For the housing and other sensitive target environment vibration exceeding the standard, the examination and approval principles put forward that the optimization of line position and laying method, demolition, function replacement, the selection of seamless rail, track damping and other measures. With regard to the principle of examination and approval, the Ministry of ecological environment, in addition to the public opinion of the environmental protection departments in various places, also included the construction parties such as the development and Reform Commission and the infrastructure investment company of Beijing. The Ministry of ecological environment has made clear that the site selection and selection of metro, light rail, monorail, tram, middle and low speed maglev construction projects should not occupy the natural protection area, scenic area, drinking water source protection area and other ecological protection red lines and other environmental sensitive areas. The area to be occupied should be coordinated with the protection requirements of the worlds cultural and natural heritage sites and cultural relics protection units. For the sound environment quality prediction of the noise sensitive target along the elevated and ground section, the measures of optimizing the line position and laying way, selecting the low noise vehicle and reducing the damping track are put forward, and the sound insulation window and other auxiliary measures are still not satisfied. The project after the planning of residential, education and scientific research, medical and health, office and other noise sensitive buildings concentrated area, put forward the planning adjustment and control, reserve sound barrier and other noise reduction measures to implement the technical conditions for noise prevention and control suggestions. For the adjacent areas, schools, hospitals and other noise sensitive targets, a closed enclosure, the optimization of the construction layout and process, the reasonable arrangement of the construction time, etc. The examination and approval principle said that the condition of the examination and approval of the EIA report is that the sound environment quality of the noise sensitive target is up to the standard after taking the above measures. The project is still in conformity with the standard of sound environment quality; the sound environment quality is not satisfied with the requirement of the functional area, and the quality of the sound environment is up to the standard after the project is implemented or does not deteriorate. The environmental noise of factories, vehicle depots, parking lots and substations meets the corresponding standards. For the housing and other sensitive target environment vibration exceeding the standard, the examination and approval principle requires that the optimization of line position and laying method, demolition, function replacement, the selection of seamless rail, track damping and other measures. For the vibration sensitive target of underground passing through the environment, the requirements of increasing the buried depth, adopting the vibration damping measures of the steel spring floating plate bed and adopting the non blasting or mute blasting construction method are put forward. The measures of optimizing the line position, increasing the buried depth and reducing the vibration protection should be put forward for the vibration of the cultural relic protection units. The project after the planning of residential, education and scientific research, medical and health, office and other environmental vibration sensitive building areas, and put forward the planning adjustment and control and control suggestions. The principle of examination and approval points out: after taking the above measures, the vibration environment of the sensitive targets of the house conforms to the urban regional environmental vibration standard, and the two structural noise of the sensitive buildings caused by urban rail transit conforms to the relevant standards, and the vibration effect of the cultural relic protection units conforms to the anti industrial vibration technical specifications of the ancient buildings. The EIA documents can be approved. The principles of approval for metro, light rail, monorail, tram, middle and low speed maglev are involved in special and important ecological sensitive areas, such as natural reserves, scenic spots, world cultural and natural heritage sites, important wetlands, three fields of important aquatic organisms and migratory channels. Water drinking water source protection area or class I and class II sensitive water bodies, and related environmental sensitive targets, such as groundwater drinking water source protection area, residential area and so on, have put forward clear requirements. The principle of examination and approval especially puts forward that the location of the main substation should be reasonable, and the electromagnetic environment of the sensitive targets of its boundary and surrounding environment must meet the relevant standard requirements. At the same time, such EIA reports should carry out information disclosure and public participation in accordance with relevant regulations. The source of this article: editor in charge of Legal Daily: Guo Ping _B7442 The principles of approval for metro, light rail, monorail, tram, middle and low speed maglev are involved in special and important ecological sensitive areas, such as natural reserves, scenic spots, world cultural and natural heritage sites, important wetlands, three fields of important aquatic organisms and migratory channels. Water drinking water source protection area or class I and class II sensitive water bodies, and related environmental sensitive targets, such as groundwater drinking water source protection area, residential area and so on, have put forward clear requirements.