State run: Rural Grade 1-3 students do not go to boarding school for less than half an hour.

category:Society
 State run: Rural Grade 1-3 students do not go to boarding school for less than half an hour.


State Office [2018] No. 27 The peoples governments of all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government, ministries and commissions under the State Council, and institutions directly under the State Council: The rural small scale schools (the village primary school and the teaching points for less than 100 people) and the boarding schools in the villages and towns (hereinafter referred to as the two types of schools) are the important components of the compulsory education in rural areas. To run the two types of schools is an important task for implementing the strategy of rejuvenating the country by science and education and accelerating the modernization of education. It is the basic requirement for the implementation of the strategy of Rural Revitalization and the equalization of basic public services in urban and rural areas. It is a powerful measure to win the fight against poverty and to build a well-off society in an all-round way. In recent years, the state has adopted a series of major policy measures to continuously strengthen compulsory education in rural areas, and the school running conditions of the two kinds of schools have been significantly improved. But the two category of schools is still a short board of education and needs to be further strengthened. With the consent of the State Council, the following suggestions have been put forward to strengthen the construction of the two types of schools in order to effectively solve the lagging problems of the development of the two types of schools and make a good effort to run a fair and high quality compulsory education in rural areas. 1. General requirements (1) guiding ideology. We should carry out the nineteen spirit of the party in an all-round way, adhere to the ideology of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era of Xi Jinping, adhere to the new concept of development, adhere to the people as the center, focus closely on the implementation of the strategy of rejuvenating the country by science and education and the strategy of rural revitalization, conscientiously fulfill the legal responsibilities, attach great importance to the compulsory education in the countryside and adhere to the bottom line thinking. At the bottom, we should carry out the bottom of the work, promote the integrated reform and development of compulsory education in urban and rural areas, strengthen the construction and management of the two types of schools, improve the quality of rural education, make the basic education better and better, speed up the construction of a powerful education country, and lay a solid foundation for the Chinese dream of building a well-off society in an all-round way and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. (two) basic principles. Overall planning and rational layout. We should co-ordinate the construction of new socialist countryside and rural schools, optimize the layout of rural education planning, set up two kinds of schools scientifically and rationally, properly handle the relationship between students near school and accepting good compulsory education, and effectively protect the rights of the rural students to receive a fair education. The key guarantee and the bottom line. We should give priority to the development of compulsory education in rural areas, and the allocation of public resources is the key guarantee for the two schools. Strengthen the classification guidance, precision policy, based on the provincial situation, county situation, school situation, from the most urgent needs, promote the construction of school infrastructure and teaching equipment, to complement the two types of school conditions short board. We should strengthen the management of funds, and ensure the normal operation of the two kinds of schools. The connotation is developed and the quality is improved. We should strengthen the education and teaching management of the two types of schools, deepen the reform of the mode of educating people, adhere to the students as the center, carry out the fundamental task of the people of Lide tree, and carry out the quality education in depth. Complete with strong efforts to improve the quality of rural teachers, rural teachers, the use of Internet plus education, to enhance the level of running. (three) main objectives. By 2020, two types of school short boards are basically completed, and rural education is further revitalization. The layout of the two types of schools is more reasonable. The conditions for running schools have reached the basic school standards determined by the provinces where they are located. The investment and use system is more sound, the education and teaching management system is more perfect, the urban teachers allocation is basically balanced, and the two types of learning are met. The teaching of school education and the improvement of the quality of education are actually needed, the quality of rural education has been greatly improved, the integrated development of compulsory education in urban and rural areas in the county is basically realized, and a fair and quality education is provided for the rural students. Two. Overall layout planning (four) accurately grasp the layout requirements. The layout of rural schools is not only conducive to providing a fair and quality education for the students, but also respecting the law of the mental and mental development of the minors and convenient for the students to enter the school. In principle, primary school 1 to 3 grade students do not lodge, go to school near the school, the road time is generally not more than half an hour; 4 - 6 grade students to go to read, in accommodation, life, traffic, safety and so on under the premise of proper boarding, specific by the County Peoples Government in accordance with the actual situation. (five) scientific layout planning. At the county level, the county peoples government should integrate the local population distribution, geographical features, traffic resources, the process of urbanization and the flow and changing trend of the school age population, co-ordinate the county educational resources, strengthen the construction of urban schools in an orderly way, and actively eliminate the large classes of urban schools. On this basis, we should co-ordinate the rural small scale schools and the boarding school of villages and towns. School and rural complete primary school layout, revision and improvement of the rural compulsory education school layout special plan, according to the procedure public consultation, and according to the procedures of the provincial peoples government for the record. In the village, where the population is more concentrated and the village is guaranteed, the whole primary school is set up jointly or with the neighboring villages; in the remote and few places, the small scale schools in the low grade school are set up in the village, and the boarding school is set up in the villages and towns to meet the needs of the local students boarding and learning. We should persist in running schools, national schools and border schools in ethnic minority areas. (six) properly deal with the problem of withdrawal. The layout planning involves the withdrawal of small scale schools by the peoples government at the county level according to local conditions, but should be strictly controlled in accordance with the principle of scientific assessment, stay must stay, first build back, positive and stable. In principle, schools should only aim at small schools with very little source and should have appropriate transitional period, and make necessary adjustments to the situation of students. We must strictly perform the procedures of drawing up, demonstrating, and publicized the withdrawal plan, and do a good job in ideological work for students and parents. The idle school buildings after the merger should be mainly used for the development of rural pre-school education, off campus education, care and protection for left behind children. For small schools which have been disintegrated, it is necessary to resume schooling due to the increase of local students. All localities should resolutely prevent students from school difficulties and even dropping out of school by meeting the needs of near enrolment, solving the transportation services of the upper and lower schools, and increasing the financial support for the students with family economic difficulties. Three, improve the conditions for running a school (seven) improving the standard of running a school. The provinces (districts and cities) should conscientiously implement the standards for the construction of the national ordinary primary and secondary schools, equipment and equipment standards, and comprehensively improve the basic requirements of the basic conditions for the weak schools in poor areas. According to the principle of practical, sufficient, safe and frugal, combined with the local reality, the two types of schools are rationally determined in accordance with the characteristics of the two types of schools. The basic school running standards for school buildings, equipment, information and safety precautions. For small scale schools, we should ensure information, equipment, equipment, teaching instruments and books, and set up necessary functional classrooms to improve the conditions of living and health. For boarding schools, the basic living conditions of beds, canteens, drinking water, toilets, bathrooms and other basic living conditions must be further defined on the basis of the basic education and teaching conditions, and the conditions and facilities necessary for the development of the Communist Youth League, the young pioneers and the recreational activities are necessary. (eight) to speed up the standardization of construction. All over the country should co-ordinate rural infrastructure projects, strengthen road construction to two types of schools, improve traffic management and safety facilities, and carry out comprehensive management of the environment around the campus so as to ensure the safety of students. In accordance with the requirements of building one place, reaching the standard one place and using a good one, the central and local schools, such as the basic conditions of school running of the weak schools in the poor areas, the construction of the education modernization drive projects, and other central and local schools to raise funds for the construction of the two types of schools. In order to find out the base number and compare the standard, according to the principle of what is missing and supplementing what, the construction projects and contents should be determined by facts, the concrete implementation plan, the implementation of the construction funds and the speed up of the construction progress are made, and the basic standards for running schools in the two types of schools in the provinces are reached before the autumn of 2019. We must plan carefully to avoid wasting, and resolutely prevent the construction of luxury schools. Four, strengthen the construction of Teachers (nine) improve the establishment of post verification. According to the combination of the ratio of teachers and teachers to the ratio of the class teachers, the establishment of a small school should be compiled according to the combination of the ratio of the students to teachers and the teachers. All provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) should formulate specific standards and implementation measures in combination with reality. To promote the coordination of the post structure of the classmate school in the county and the proper tilt to the countryside, the proportion of the senior teachers in the rural schools is not lower than that of the urban classmate school. The experience of teaching in rural schools and weak schools for more than 1 years will be an important requirement for declaring senior teachers titles and special teachers. We should effectively implement the policy of tilting teachers titles to rural schools, and give priority to meeting the needs of small schools. We should deepen the reform of the management of county management and school in compulsory education. In accordance with the approved compilation, the teachers should be equipped with qualified teachers in time for rural schools, and all classes are guaranteed to open up the compulsory courses provided by the state, so as to ensure the staffing of the young pioneers in small scale schools. The provinces (districts and cities) should formulate standards for the staffing and health personnel of boarding schools, cafeterias, security and other workers, and meet the basic needs of the school life service. We must strictly enforce the staff establishment standards, strictly enforce the admission of teachers, and provide qualified teachers for compulsory education schools. To accelerate the implementation of urban and rural, regional co-ordination and dynamic management, to reinvigorate the stock of staffing, to co-ordinate urban and rural teachers resources, strictly prohibit the no supplement in the case of qualified teachers, or to squeeze out the staffing of misappropriated primary and secondary schools, and fundamentally solve the problem of long-term employment of teachers in some areas. (ten) improve the treatment of rural teachers. To further implement and improve the salary and treatment policy of rural teachers, to determine the total income level of the two types of schools, to consider the actual income level of local civil servants, to strengthen the supervision and examination, to ensure that the average salary of primary and secondary school teachers is not less than or higher than the average wage level of local public servants. We should conscientiously implement the policies of rural teachers to enjoy Township work subsidies, centrally connected subsistence subsidies in special stricken areas and allowances for hard and remote areas, and steadily expand the implementation scope of rural teachers living allowance policies in centralized and specially stricken areas by local conditions, and encourage conditions to improve the standard of subsidies, and be based on the distance of the hard side of the school. Differential subsidy. We will effectively implement the policy of incorporating qualified rural school teachers into the local governments housing security system. We should adhere to the rational layout of the rural teachers dormitories and ensure the basic work and living conditions of the teachers in the hard and remote areas. The rural small schools in the remote and inconvenient traffic should be equipped with the teachers dormitories; the traffic is relatively convenient and the distance is relatively close, and it can be in the boarding school of the villages and towns. Or the circumjacent construction of the teachers turnover dormitory. Concerned about rural teachers life, providing transportation help and support for teachers to teach. (eleven) reform the training of teachers. We should strengthen practice training and promote the exchange of teachers and teachers in urban and rural areas, so as to select a group of rural teachers to work in urban schools. In order to adapt to the needs of some rural small school teachers package and compound teaching, we should pay more attention to the training of a number of rural teachers with strong professional spirit, comprehensive knowledge and solid foundation. The training of school principals and teachers, especially in small scale schools, is strengthened through the way of sending teaching to the countryside and concentrating the study, so as to enhance the pertinence and effectiveness of the training of the rural teachers, and to improve the ability and the level of the teaching and educating of the two types of school teachers. The national training program gives priority to supporting rural teachers training in poverty-stricken outlying areas. We should strengthen the building of teaching and research teams, give full play to the role of teaching and research institutes at the county level, and strive to help improve the quality of small rural schools. Normal students are encouraged to carry out teaching practice in two types of schools. We should increase education funding and support the construction of teaching staff, focusing on improving teachers treatment according to the regulations and enhancing the professional quality of teachers. Five, strengthen the fund guarantee (twelve) increase the investment of funds. We should strengthen the responsibility of local governments, optimize the structure of fiscal expenditure, and give priority to the development of compulsory education. Educational investment is tilted to two types of schools. We should take all measures to solve the problem of unbalanced development of compulsory education and vigorously promote educational equity. The central government will continue to support the policy of increasing the public funds for the rural small scale schools to allocate public funds according to 100 people and to increase the public funds subsidy for the boarding school and boarding schools according to the annual average of 200 yuan for boarding students. We should encourage all localities to further raise the level of public funds for the two types of schools and ensure the normal operation of the two types of schools. In accordance with the actual needs of boarding schools in villages and towns, in strict accordance with the relevant provisions of the government purchase service, we should explore the scope of the governments security and life service, which will be provided by the government, and are suitable for the government to provide the service of the government. The funds needed are arranged in the budget of the local finance. In the preparation of the annual budget of the Township Central schools, it is necessary to consider it as a whole to guide the education and teaching of small scale schools and so on. (thirteen) improve the system of fund management. All localities should improve the management of the use of funds for small scale schools. According to the actual arrangement of public funds in a small scale, the accounts should be arranged in a single list, standardized management and reasonable co-ordination, so as to ensure the full use of small scale schools, and not to be detained or misappropriated. The financial and educational administrative departments at the county level should promptly publish the budget arrangements for the public funds of the Township Central schools and small scale schools, and to allocate some public funds in advance so as to ensure the normal operation of small scale schools. We should strengthen the financial management of Township Central schools, standardize accounting, strengthen financial audit, and ensure the standardized use of funds. Six, improve the level of running a school (fourteen) give full play to the role of central school as a whole. Strengthen the overall, radiant and guiding role of Township Central schools, promote the integration of small and medium-sized schools and small scale schools in township and township schools, cooperative development and comprehensive evaluation, and carry out the responsibility system of the central school principals. Take turns to teach. We should improve the evaluation methods of rural schools and fully arouse the enthusiasm and creativity of teachers and teachers in every school and rural area. Unified central school and small scale school curriculum, teaching arrangement, teaching and research activities and teacher management, promote teachers collective teaching and research to prepare lessons, arrange course planning, music, sports, art and foreign language teachers can carry out teaching, and establish the corresponding policy support mechanism. Central schools should co-ordinate efforts to strengthen the control of dropouts and implement the target responsibility system and joint control and joint guarantee system. (fifteen) perfect the mode of educating people. We should give full play to the advantages of small class teaching in small classes, adopt more flexible teaching methods, give prominence to teaching students in accordance with their aptitude, strengthen individualized teaching and pertinent guidance, pay close attention to the dynamic and physical health of each student, and improve the level of education. We should give full play to the unique advantages of all - weather education and rural education resources in boarding schools, rationally arrange students school time, co-ordinate classroom teaching, practice activities, campus culture and school management, and actively carry out colorful and colorful comprehensive practice and campus cultural activities. We should give full play to the organizational role of the Communist Youth League and the young pioneers, pay attention to labor education, rule of law education, safety education and habit formation, and improve students comprehensive quality, compliance with law and discipline, self prevention, and effectively prevent bullying of primary and middle school students. Close family school contact, perfect home visit system, give full play to the role of parents committee and parent school, improve the quality of family education, and form the resultant force of family education. We should further improve the education and care system for the left behind children in rural areas, establish a full and complete and dynamic management of the childrens information table, improve the system of priority protection and precision help, and effectively strengthen the management of the whole process of the left behind childrens education, give priority to the needs of their lodging, and match the necessary clothes for the life of the children left behind. The staff have made the boarding schools in villages and towns become an important position to promote childrens physical and mental health. We should strengthen the management of boarding schools in ethnic areas, actively carry out educational and teaching activities that are conducive to promoting national unity and integration, and create conditions to guide students to widely use the national language and language in their school life and study. (sixteen) to promote the Internet plus education. All localities should actively create conditions, strengthen hardware construction, make full use of satellites, optical fiber and mobile Internet to accelerate the realization of the full coverage of the two types of broadband network in schools. In combination with the requirements of national and local courses, focusing on foreign language, art and science courses, covering all disciplines, introducing or developing episodes and micro courses, providing rich and quality online education resources, ensuring the opening of the two types of schools and making up for the shortage of teachers. We should give full play to the radiant role of high quality schools and key teachers, and take the synchronous class, open class, and online questioning and counselling to promote the common online class, teaching and research and communication between teachers and students of two types of schools and teachers and students of high quality schools. Study and explore the use of large data, cloud computing, artificial intelligence and other technologies, scientific analysis and monitoring of the two types of school education and teaching, based on accurate data, targeted to guide students to learn and improve the school education and teaching management. The role of government in promoting the leading role Internet plus education development, actively use market mechanism, the government purchase services, strengthen the construction of hardware and software. The selection of the experienced teaching staff, teachers and professional technical personnel to the two types of schools to carry out regular guidance, improve the development and application of Internet plus education level. (seventeen) push forward the counterpart education. We should improve the education system in urban and rural schools, establish the supporting relationship between urban and rural schools hand in hand, and carry out extensive counterpart activities. Efforts should be made to eliminate barriers to job exchange between urban and rural teachers, coordinate the formulation of urban and rural schools in counties, and promote regular rotation of urban school teachers to rural schools. All localities should strengthen the guidance of teaching and research work of the two kinds of schools, and encourage the urban and rural schools to carry out exchanges in a variety of ways, such as synchronous teaching and research. We should give full play to the role of social organizations in helping rural schools. Seven. Strengthen organizational leadership (eighteen) to carry out the responsibility of the government. The two kinds of schools should be put on the agenda of the important work, the provincial government should be strengthened and the coordination mechanism should be improved so as to solve the outstanding problems in the planning and layout of the two types of schools, the investment, the construction and the construction of the teachers, and the construction of the teachers. The two types of schools should be brought into the assessment system of local governments at all levels, and the mechanism of accountability should be perfected to ensure that the policies and measures are put in place and the work targets are realized on time. We should strengthen the construction of the party in an all-round way, give full play to the direction, the overall situation and the role of the party organization, effectively mobilize the forces of all parties, energetically stimulate the enthusiasm and creativity of the majority of the principals and teachers, and strive to create a good situation for the development of compulsory education in rural areas. (nineteen) strengthen supervision and inspection. The two types of school quality monitoring and supervision evaluation mechanism are established and perfected, and the two types of schools are included in the county compulsory education development basic balance and high quality equilibrium supervision and evaluation. The two schools should be included in the county area. The education supervision department should equip each school with the responsibility supervision school, carry out the supervision and inspection regularly, give full play to the role of the supervision and inspection result bulletin and the time limit rectification system, supervise the improvement, promote the construction of the rural compulsory education, and promote the rural compulsory education. Office of the State Council April 25, 2018 (this is a public release)