40 years of industrial development in Northeast China: more than 20000 workers and two thousand or three thousand workers

category:Society
 40 years of industrial development in Northeast China: more than 20000 workers and two thousand or three thousand workers


In 2002, workers in Liaoning Haizhou Fuxin open pit transported explosives under the pits. In the late 50s of last century, there were only 8 mines in the Fuxin Mining Bureau of Liaoning, and the Soviet Union mode was pressing ahead rapidly, just like the major mining areas in the northeast industrial hinterland. At that time, Wang Yuwen started his childhood, from primary school to middle school, and grew up and played without leaving the mining area, including his own vision of the future. Later, the mine became a piece of film, and the gangue discharged from the open pit was piled up in the mountains. People who had been injured in the mine and people with silicosis became accustomed to it. After going to the countryside, Wang Yuwen touched the camera, determined to run away from the track in a recorded way, and examine everything closely related to himself in another way. From 1978 to the present, from Fuxin to Benxi and Angang major mining areas, he took the changes in the northeastern mining area for 40 years. The colors were black and white, but the miners in the lens were often smiling, and he wanted to leave the light of hope for those years. All of them have taken the photo album industrial age 1978 - 2017. A great job In the winter of 2017, the heavy snow fell on the Sihu smelter of Liaoning Benxi Iron and steel company. The snow flakes of the sky and the iron staircase and the gray wall in the unmanned factory area have achieved the natural black and white effect. Wang Yuwen, 69, was unable to count the number of times he arrived here. The noisy days were photographed again and again until the site became a site. Wang Yuwen witnessed the decline process in half life. In 1948, Wang Yuwen became the fourth child in his family. He had three older sisters. After that, he had three younger sisters. My mother has no job. Her fathers monthly salary of 99 yuan in the mine is the source of income for all his family. Wang Yuwen has repeatedly focused on miners lunch in the camera. One of them, the first smelter of Liaoning Benxi Steel, in 1979, is a hot dish in the iron lunch box. The miners station is holding a pipe in its mouth and spillover in the eyes squinted. This is the scene that Wang Yuwen is most familiar with. When he is young at home, the year is bad, and the coarse grains that he can eat is in front of him. Most of them must be left to the father who is busy in the mine. That is exactly the 25 period. The northeast industrial construction shifted from supporting the Northeast in the whole country to supporting the whole country in Northeast China. In the construction of southwest and Northwest China, the Northeast bears the responsibility and obligation of the eldest son of the Republic. For example, Liaoning Anshan Iron and steel company has to support WISCO, Baotou Steel and Panzhihua Iron and steel company. The Fuxin, where Wang Yuwen is located, is a city in the northwest of Liaoning. The low mountains and hills have more than 1 billion tons of coal resources and are distributed in more than 200 places of origin, making it one of the most important cities in the Shenyang economic zone. In 1966, the school stopped class, Wang Yuwen had nothing to do, and ran to the mine as a temporary worker. Like his father and all the miners, he went to work at eight in the morning and came off at five in the evening, and there were three shifts. On the night shift, his mother came to him in the middle of the night and called him to work! He was sleepy, and went to the mine with his lunch box. Workers on the night shift will be joking together. After lifting the well, smoke first, then bathe, and then drink. It was the most interesting time for him to think that, when he was a miner and he picked up his camera, he felt precious to all the details of the lives of the workers. Years later, at Liaoning Angang Chaoyang mining company, he caught the back of a workers bath. The bucket was hung on the roof. The water pipe was drooping down the barrel. The workers stood under the homemade shower, bending his knees with towels. It was a very healthy body in Wang Yuwens eyes. In those days, finding a formal job in a mine was considered a very good thing. Wang Yuwen mainly mixed in the coal preparation plant, coal car fast, Wang Yuwen has to jump up quickly to pick up, and then jump down, the danger is often in, but at the age of 18 years of age, not afraid, just excited to think about 42 yuan of wages, when he got hand, he felt like a grown-up. By and by, Wang Yuwens sister and sister went into the coal mine and had the official work of others. And Wang Yuwen saw a happy card camera in a brother-in-laws house. When he went to the countryside, he borrowed the valuables bought by the five dollars and took the Shanghai from Beijing to find another future. A woman on a Gangue Mountain in Fushun, Liaoning, on 2002. In 1968, Wang Yuwen met with experienced photographers and photo editors after he arrived at the first production team of Pinghe River Ranch in Panjin. They recorded, or the traces of the time, such as the display of agricultural harvest, the knowledge youth play in the yard, the prospects have been set up a large number of sacks, behind the threshing machine, when photographed, let the knowledge young back and forth back and forth sacks. He remembered that when the Yingkou earthquake occurred, it was safe to follow the mine. With a small pickaxe, it felt funny and everywhere, and the coal immediately fell off. The man on the mine told him, this is the top of the gang, and cant move at will. From then on, he took down this dangerous act and noted the miners special concern for young people. In an interview with the new Qiu mine, he flashed a flash and the safety inspector came over and pointed to the instrument for measuring the gas and told him that the gas had exceeded the standard. He hurried to finish the task and had to shoot. Finally, the other side made him shoot quickly and stayed with him all the time. He was touched in such a careless care. The warmth of danger made him more and more interested in recording everything about the mine. He did not forget that when he was at school one morning when he was at school, the father who was hurt in the underground was suddenly brought back. He himself had been frightened, but slowly became like everyone else. He regretted not having recorded the last days of Li Rui, a model worker. Once again, he wanted to visit Li Ruishi, who had already died of silicosis. In mines, many people with silicosis are all the same. Eventually, the lungs become as hard as stones. And his parents died of cancer on the mine. Wang Yuwen learned that more than 20000 workers of the Haizhou open pit mine in Fuxin were, and two thousand or three thousand people were left behind at that time. Young and strong went to newly developed areas, but most of them were laid off. After that, Wang Yuwens sister and brother-in-law, who had paid four hundred or five hundred yuan a month, were also laid off. Every time I went to my sisters house, my sister and brother-in-law reminded him of the booming northeast scene. Harbin writer Jia Cong once said in his speech that after the laid-off tide came, his father of a middle school student fiercely drunkenness. The father used to drink and drink a little while he went to work, then he looked at the household appliances full of furniture, which was the most fashionable at that time. He cant afford to buy food, just drink bulk liquor, drink red eyes, blink in a very yellow light bulb, and start to beat his wife and children. A lot of people are like this. They only dare to pour out their grievances and anger on people who are weaker than them. In the impression of Jia, almost all the families who were living in the factory were divorced in those years. Wang Yuwen also took his own sister and sister, choosing to eat dumplings during the lunar new year. He wanted to record that they still had a contented life. After going off duty, the workers went to sell vegetables or pedaling three rounds, and some people went to the south. Wang Yuwen never heard of them again. Mechanization Fuxin became the first resource exhausted city transformation pilot city in the country, established by the State Council in 2001. In 2003, the state began to implement the strategy for the revitalization of the northeast. In the camera, Wang Yuwen felt that the mental state of the post-80s and 90s workers were different, with more choices in their eyes. It was also lunch, and Wang Yuwen caught more food in the canteen. In 1979, workers were at lunch at the first ironworks in Benxi Iron and steel company, Liaoning. By the second half of 2014, there was downward pressure on the northeast economy. In the following year, GDP, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Shanxi and Liaoning were among the last four provinces. In the transition, many of the former factories have become sites, or have been inhabited, and retired Wang Yuwen continues to shoot modern new machines, or to record the process of demolition. Wang Yuwen still had meals with the workers, talking about their inner confusion and satisfaction. In his view, this is the most real composition of northeast industry. In 2010, Liaoning Fuxin Haizhou open-pit mine, drilling company workers rest at noon to open water. Source: China News Weekly editor: Wang Zheng _NN7526