Why is the Philippines the first Asian country in the global gender equality rankings in 2018?

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 Why is the Philippines the first Asian country in the global gender equality rankings in 2018?


Recently, the World Economic Forum published a global ranking of gender equality, with the Philippines ranking first in Asia.

The report, first published in 2006, measures economic participation, education, health and survival, and political empowerment. According to the ranking, the top four countries are Nordic countries, Iceland ranks first for 10 consecutive years, followed by Norway, Sweden and Finland.

It is noteworthy that Namibia is one of the new African countries in the top ten this year. It has risen three times over last year, making sub-Saharan Africa second only to Rwanda in terms of gender equality.

It will take 202 years to achieve economic equality between men and women

2017 is regarded as a year of strong feminist rise, which lasts until 2018. This year, more and more women are elected to the U.S. Congress, and Ethiopia is welcoming its first female president, as the anti-sexual harassment wind of the 6550

However, the World Economic Forum ranked 149 countries and found that although gender equality had made more positive progress, it was very slow.

According to the report, at the current rate of change, global gender equality will take 108 years to complete. The overall gender gap has narrowed by 3.6% since 2006, but only 0.03% in 2018.

Among them, political empowerment is the most lagging area. Only 22% of women have the same political power as men, but some developing countries have become the black horse in this area.

Since 2013, the gender gap in health and survival in Namibia has gradually disappeared. With the increasing number of women in Parliament, the gap in political empowerment has also narrowed considerably, ranking fifth globally.

Economic equality between men and women has also progressed slowly, and the report says it will take 202 years to achieve economic equality between men and women. In the fourth industrial revolution, there were significant gender differences among AI professionals, with only 23% women and 77% men.

Why does the Philippines rank first in Asia?

For a long time, the Philippines has occupied a place in various gender equality rankings and has become a model for Asian countries.

At the Q&A forum Quora, in response to the question of why the Philippines succeeded in achieving gender equality, it was said that the Philippines did not actually achieve gender equality, but that Filipinos were more conservative, and that their respect for womens cultural traditions was compatible with the modern concept of gender equality.

The Philippines has a long history of gender equality. In the 16th century, before the arrival of Spanish colonists, the indigenous peoples of the region showed great respect for women, especially mothers. Filipino women can own or inherit family property, engage in trade activities, act as religious leaders and even fight as fighters.

When Spanish colonists brought Western patriarchy to the Philippines, the tradition of respecting women in the Philippines was greatly challenged, but ultimately remained intact.

Since independence, the country has elected two female presidents, which is extremely rare in Asian countries. The existence of women leaders in business has become a catalyst for gender equality. In one study, Mylene Caparas, executive vice president of Bank of the Philippines, argued that parentshigh expectations of their daughters helped them grow into capable young people, which contributed to gender stereotypes. She said:

The Philippines is a matrilineal family, and mothers often play a leading role in family management. Parents often want their daughters to participate in the same activities and perform well in school, which promotes them to achieve high levels of achievement.

In addition, the government and enterprises are also promoting gender equality institutionally.

The Philippine legislature passed the Womens Magna Carta in 2009, which promotes gender equality in government by specifying the proportion of women in government jobs. He also empowered the State to take measures to encourage gender diversity in the private sector.

In this Philippine government, many senior officials are women, including the Vice President, the former Chief Justice, the Minister of Tourism and the former Minister of Social Welfare.

However, President Dutt has been criticized for his inappropriate remarks against women on many occasions. During his visit to South Korea in June, he was criticized for kissing Filipino women on stage.

However, after the list was released, Salvador Panelo, a spokesman for President Dutter of the Philippines, pulled back the game, saying: These findings are a recognition of the governments commitment to give Filipino women their due status. He also said that the Philippines would continue to pursue inclusive development and achieve genuine equality and cooperation between men and women.

Source: Foreign Affairs Responsible Editor: Li Wan_B11284