The United States Congress voted high to pass the National Quantum Act to enhance national competitiveness

category:Internet click:480
 The United States Congress voted high to pass the National Quantum Act to enhance national competitiveness


Xu Louis, a journalist trainee in Pengchao

On December 19, Congress passed the National Quantum Initiative Act to speed up the development of quantum computing in the United States. Last Wednesday night, the U.S. House of Representatives passed the bill by a high vote of 348-11, and the Senate approved it.

Quantum computing is a new technology that regulates the quantum information unit to calculate according to the law of quantum mechanics. Quantum computers use subatomic particles to calculate. For some complex calculations, quantum computers are much faster than existing supercomputers, which can effectively improve the level of drug research and development, simulate climate change, simplify traffic management and so on. In May 2017, Volkswagen used quantum computing to simulate the best route for 10,000 taxis from downtown Beijing to the airport without causing traffic congestion. Experiments show that the quantum computing algorithm developed by Volkswagen can give a solution in less than a second, while it takes about 45 minutes for ordinary computers to accomplish the same task.

The establishment of the National Quantum Program is critical to maintaining the U.S. leadership in global science and technology. After passing the bill, John Thune, chairman of the Senate Business Committee, said.

Quantum computing has always been the focus of Trump Administration. In late June, the US House of Representatives Science Committee began to prepare the National Quantum Program Act to establish a national quantum project to promote research and development in the next decade. At the same time, the White House formally launched a new leadership team, and the federal government will provide coordination to support and promote quantum technology.

At the White House Summit in September, the United States formally proposed a quantum strategy. The U.S. Department of Energy announced that it would set up several national laboratories, invest between $218 million and 85 quantum technology research projects, and allocate $25 million annually for each laboratory over the next five years. The Department of Energys Science Office plans to double its budget for quantum computing in fiscal year 2019 to $120 million. The National Science Foundation has pledged $31 million to fund research projects. At the White House Summit in September, large companies including Google, IBM and Intel are developing quantum bit systems.

Leadership in quantum information science is crucial to the national security and economic competitiveness of the United States, said Jim Clarke, head of Intels quantum hardware department. Quantum computing is likely to solve problems that traditional computers cannot solve, which is why the 21st century version of the space race is being held all over the world. In a government document recently released by the U.S. government, it is also mentioned that quantum computing can help solve the imminent national security problems and hopefully promote the development of new industries, new products and bring huge economic growth. In addition to the United States, the European Union announced in 2016 that it would invest 1 billion euros in quantum research projects. China will also set up national laboratories for Quantum Information Science in many places, with long-term investment of up to 100 billion yuan. Although quantum computing has the potential to revolutionize the field of information, some critics argue that it is still largely on paper. It will take a long time for quantum hardware to enter commercialization and improve the follow-up guarantee. Source: Wang Fengzhi _NT2541

Leadership in quantum information science is crucial to the national security and economic competitiveness of the United States, said Jim Clarke, head of Intels quantum hardware department. Quantum computing is likely to solve problems that traditional computers cannot solve, which is why the 21st century version of the space race is being held all over the world.

In a government document recently released by the U.S. government, it is also mentioned that quantum computing can help solve the imminent national security problems and hopefully promote the development of new industries, new products and bring huge economic growth.

In addition to the United States, the European Union announced in 2016 that it would invest 1 billion euros in quantum research projects. China will also set up national laboratories for Quantum Information Science in many places, with long-term investment of up to 100 billion yuan.

Although quantum computing has the potential to revolutionize the field of information, some critics argue that it is still largely on paper. It will take a long time for quantum hardware to enter commercialization and improve the follow-up guarantee.