Reference News Network reported on December 19 that Russian media said that the leading enterprise of Russian aerospace industry, the power machinery manufacturing research and production consortium, announced that it would jointly develop ultra-heavy rocket engines with Chinese people. However, the decision still needs to be approved by the Russian government.
According to the Russian newspaper Viewpoint on December 17, next year will be a breakthrough year for China and Russia in the field of rocket and space technology. Igor Albuzov, general manager of the Research and Production Consortium of Power Machinery Manufacturing, which develops and produces rocket engines, disclosed the news on December 7. At the plenary meeting of the Design Bureau, he declared that cooperation with China has become substantive.
He reminded that in November this year, a memorandum of understanding on the development and production of rocket engines was signed between the research and production consortium of power machinery manufacturing and the Sixth Research Institute of China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation at the Zhuhai Air Show.
We will build cooperation on the basis of mutual benefit and win-win without harming the interests of the state and enterprises, Albuzov said.
It is now up to the Russian government to approve or reject cooperation with Beijing on super heavy rocket engines, the report said.
Curiously, Albuzov, in an interview with the Businessman in early December, had just drawn a line with the above cooperation. He stressed that there is no preparation for the transfer of any technology to China at all. He acknowledged that technology transfer is a popular way of cooperation, but not in the field of rocket engine manufacturing. Has his opinion changed in two weeks?
Reported that China and Russia next year plan to sign the contract amount is unknown. Ivan Moisiev, head of scientific research at the Russian Institute of Space Policy, speculated that the change in position was related to money. However, he is not worried about leaking technology to Beijing.
Technology is a perishable product, and todays leading technology lags behind in a few years, the expert said. This is often the case.
If countries offer satisfactory prices, I can only welcome them, Moisiev said. Perhaps the previous price was unsatisfactory, but now China has put forward the right price. These technologies are now very valuable. They should be sold. If you dont sell, youll lose.
Perhaps Albuzovs initial refusal to sell technology to China was a lie, the report said. Vasili Kashen, a senior researcher at the Far East Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, said that the essence of cooperation with China was selling technology. The expert asked, What do we do with these technologies? This is the argumentation. Only three countries in the world can manufacture heavy launch vehicles. The Chinese are going to build super heavy, so let them build it. What can we lose if they pay?
He believes that Albuzovs performance is related to the characteristics of the negotiations with China, which have lasted for nearly five years. Kashin reminded me: From the beginning, cooperation with the Chinese is a comprehensive issue. That means what technology were going to switch back to. He said that Beijing needed our technology to build future launch vehicles, while Moscow needed Chinese technology to build space equipment. The two sides held long, difficult and complex negotiations for this purpose. Whether the negotiations have yielded results is still unknown.
Kashin believes that there may be more cooperative projects under discussion about the engine negotiations, but it is not clear what they are.
Reported that this is not excluded from Chinas accelerating development of rocket space program. As we all know, the International Space Station is a Russian-American project, and China has not participated.
China is building its own space station, said Vasili Mikhev, head of the China Research Group of the Institute of World Economic and International Relations of the Russian Academy of Sciences. What it will do is not entirely clear to us, but there have been results in this regard. Cooperation with Beijing on the rocket and space program is very beneficial to Moscow, not only in economic terms. You know, this cooperation may open the door to the Chinese space station, which will become very important once problems arise with the old ISS.
The expert reminded us that the ISS would be decommissioned in 2024 and that the idea of extending its service to 2030 was under discussion.
Moscow wants Beijing to raise its hand, Mikhev said. The Russians had refused to bring the Chinese into the International Space Station. But now, helping them build super-heavy rockets could theoretically be a ticket to Chinas space station in the future. (Compiler/He Yingjun)
Source: Responsible Editor of Reference Message Network: Wang Fengzhi_NT2541