Q: it is reported that the first meeting of the Advisory Committee on one belt and one road International Cooperation summit was held in Beijing. Can you tell me something about it?
A: On this issue, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs has issued relevant information and published the list of members of the Advisory Committee. I can add a few more points:
First, the Advisory Committee on the one belt and one way International Cooperation Summit Forum is a non-profit and international policy advisory body. It is made up of internationally renowned members from various parts of the world, including former heads of political affairs and international organizations, well-known scholars and businessmen. Members participate in the Advisory Committee in their personal capacity and do not represent any country or institution.
Second, we set up a consultative committee to implement the principle of sharing the same area and sharing the principle of building and sharing, and widely listen to the opinions and suggestions of all sides, so as to provide intellectual support for the one belt and one way International Cooperation Summit Forum. The process of the establishment of the Advisory Committee is open, inclusive and transparent. We have fully listened to the opinions of all parties, briefed embassies in China about the situation, and announced the list of members with the consent of all the members of the Advisory Committee. The mode of operation and rules of procedure of the Advisory Committee are also agreed by all members.
Thirdly, the first meeting of the Advisory Committee was a success. The members recalled the progress made in building the one belt and one way, and positively evaluated the positive role of the one belt and one road initiative in strengthening interconnection among various countries and regions, promoting world economic growth, promoting the construction of an open world economy and implementing the United Nations Sustainable Development Agenda for 2030. The members supported the one belt and one road approach and looked forward to the second one belt and one way International Cooperation summit forum to convey positive signals of support for multilateralism, support for open development and mutual benefit, and put forward constructive suggestions and suggestions from macro policy coordination, pragmatic project construction, and cooperation mechanism protection.
Q: Twitter, a social media website, claims to have detected suspicious activity from IP addresses in China and Saudi Arabia. What is Chinas comment on this? What are these suspicious activities?
A: What you mentioned should be an earlier report by Reuters, which has corrected the previous erroneous report this morning. The corrected report said that the IP addresses accessing Twitters system appeared to come from China and Saudi Arabia, but not from hackers working for the governments of the countries concerned.
As you know, the Chinese governments position on network security is consistent. We hope that on this issue, all parties will respond to this global issue through dialogue and cooperation in the spirit of mutual respect, equality and mutual benefit.
Q: We note that this morning the Chinese government issued a policy document on the EU. What is the special significance of this document for China-EU relations under the new situation?
A: Today, the Chinese government has issued the third policy document on the EU, which is the third policy document on the EU issued by the Chinese government after 2003 and 2014. This document is an important declaration of Chinas policy towards the EU. It expounds Chinas policy objectives towards the EU in the new era and important measures to strengthen dialogue and cooperation between China and the EU in various fields in the future.
The EU is an important strategic force in the international structure. China attaches great importance to the role and influence of the EU in regional and international affairs. Developing good relations with the EU has always been one of the priority directions of Chinas diplomacy. In recent years, new progress has been made in the construction of the four major partnerships of peace, growth, reform and civilization between China and Europe. The breadth and depth of the comprehensive strategic partnership between China and Europe have been continuously expanded, and a good pattern of all-round, multi-level and wide-ranging exchanges and cooperation has been formed. This year marks the 15th anniversary of the establishment of China-EU comprehensive strategic partnership and the 20th anniversary of the establishment of the China-EU LeadersMeeting Mechanism. China-EU relations are facing new situations and important opportunities for further development. The Chinese government hopes to deepen and expand its comprehensive cooperation with the EU, promote greater development of China-EU relations, and jointly become a builder of world peace, a contributor to global development and a defender of international order.
Q: On December 18, the Japanese Government convened a cabinet meeting to consider and adopt the new version of the Outline of the Defense Plan and the Medium-term Defense Capacity Readiness Plan, which stipulates that the defense budget should be increased by about 10% in the next five years. There are many Chinese-related contents in the relevant documents, expressing strong concern about Chinas military security trends. What is Chinas comment on this?
A: The Chinese-related content of the Japanese document you mentioned is still old-fashioned. There is no lack of Cold War mentality among them, which makes false accusations against Chinas normal national defense construction and military activities and incites the so-called Chinese threat. This is not conducive to the improvement and development of Sino-Japanese relations, nor to regional peace and stability. China expresses its strong dissatisfaction and objection to this and has made solemn representations to Japan.
For historical reasons, Japans military security trends have been highly concerned by its Asian neighbours and the international community. We urge Japan to adhere to its policy commitment of exclusive defense, adhere to the road of peaceful development and act prudently in the field of military security.
Q: My question is similar to that asked by the journalist just now. The Japanese government today decided to transform a self-defense frigate into a de facto aircraft carrier. What is Chinas comment on this?
A: For historical reasons, Japans military security trend has been highly concerned by its Asian neighbours and the international community. We urge Japan to adhere to its policy commitment of exclusive defense, adhere to the road of peaceful development, and act cautiously in the field of military security.
Q: According to reports, the director of the White House National Trade Commission, Navarro, said that the purpose of the U.S. -China trade negotiations is not only to let China buy more American products, but more importantly, China needs structural reform. How do you respond to that?
A: As for the Sino-US economic and trade consultation, please refer to the business department for specific information. What I can say is that at present, the Sino-US economic and trade team is maintaining close communication on consultations in accordance with the spirit of the important consensus of the two heads of state meeting. We hope that the economic and trade teams of the two sides will earnestly implement the consensus reached at the meeting of the heads of state of the two countries, and intensify consultation in the direction of abolishing all tariff increases on the premise of mutual respect, equality, trustworthiness and agreement in words and deeds, so as to seek win-win results for mutual benefit.
As for Mr. Navarros statement that China needs structural reform, I would like to suggest that Mr. Navarro, as well as relevant officials or persons with such an idea, carefully study the important speech delivered by General Secretary Jinping at the Conference Celebrating the 40th anniversary of reform and opening-up this morning. Chinese civilization is the only splendid civilization in human history that has lasted for more than 5000 years and has not been interrupted so far. In China, a large country with a history of more than 5000 years of civilization and a population of more than 1.3 billion, there are no textbooks that can be regarded as golden rules or teachers who can command the Chinese people. What and how to change must be based on whether it conforms to the general goal of perfecting and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the modernization of the State governing system and governing capacity. We must resolutely change what should be changed, what should not be changed, and what can not be changed.