On the fortieth anniversary of reform and opening up, the Peoples Daily published more than 50,000 long articles on the 17th, reviewing the important achievements in the past 40 years of reform and opening up.
The compiler of The Great Events of the Forty Years of Reform and Opening-up appraised reform and opening-up as an important magic weapon for the Party and the people to make great strides to catch up with the times, a key way to determine the destiny of contemporary China, and a key way to realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
Taking history as a lesson, we can know the future and prosperity. Looking back on the important points in the past 40 years will guide us to go faster and farther. Zheng Zhizhi has compiled for readers the achievements of Chinas economic and technological construction in the past 40 years.
Emancipating the Mind and Establishing a Socialist Market Economy System
In December 1978, the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China was held after Deng Xiaoping delivered his speech Emancipating the Mind, Seeking Truth from Facts, Uniting to Look Forward at the closing meeting of the Central Working Conference. The plenary highly appraised the discussion that practice is the sole criterion for testing truth, and made a historic decision to transfer the Party and state work centers to economic construction and implement reform and opening-up.
In July 1979, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council agreed to set up export special zones in Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Shantou and Xiamen on a trial basis. About a year later, the Export Special Zone was renamed the Special Economic Zone.
Shekou, Shenzhen, 1979, is a remote and barren fishing village
On October 20, 1984, the Third Plenary Session of the Twelfth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China adopted the Decision on Economic System Reform, stipulating the tasks, nature and policies of the economic system reform focusing on cities, and putting forward that the socialist economy is a planned commodity economy on the basis of public ownership.
On October 11, 1986, the State Council promulgated the Regulations on Encouraging Foreign Investment, encouraging foreign investors to set up Sino-foreign joint ventures, Sino-foreign cooperative ventures and foreign-funded enterprises in China.
From October 12 to 18, 1990, the 14th National Congress of the Communist Party of China was held. The goal of Chinas economic system reform was to establish a socialist market economic system.
On November 26, 1990, the Shanghai Stock Exchange, the first stock exchange to open in mainland China since the founding of New China, was officially established. On December 19, the Shanghai Stock Exchange officially opened. On July 3, 1991, the Shenzhen Stock Exchange officially opened.
In 1995, the gross national product (GNP) reached more than 5760 billion yuan. The original target of quadrupling the GNP in 2000 was achieved five years ahead of 1980.
In 1997, the goal of quadrupling per capita GNP was achieved ahead of schedule.
On December 5, 2006, Hu Jintao, speaking at the Central Economic Work Conference, pointed out that adhering to sound and rapid development is an inevitable requirement for implementing the scientific concept of development and achieving the goal of building a well-off society in an all-round way.
In 2010, Chinas GDP reached 40 trillion yuan, making it the second largest economy in the world.
On July 9 and 16, 2013, the State Council held a symposium on the economic situation. It clearly put forward the idea of interval regulation and control, so as to keep the economic operation in a reasonable interval, keep the economic growth rate and employment level from slipping out of the lower limit and keep the price increase from exceeding the upper limit.
On October 1, 2015, the RMB officially joined the International Monetary Fund Special Drawing Right (SDR) currency basket.
On December 18, 2015, Xi Jinping stressed at the Central Economic Work Conference that promoting structural reform on the supply side is a major innovation to adapt to and lead the new normal economic development. While moderately expanding aggregate demand, we should remove capacity, inventory, leverage, cost and shortcomings to promote the overall improvement of social productivity in China.
On November 1, 2018, Xi Jinping, in his speech at the seminar on private enterprises, pointed out that public ownership economy and non-public ownership economy should complement each other and complement each other, rather than mutually exclusive and offset each other. The basic economic system of our country has been written into the Constitution and the Party Constitution, which is unchangeable and unchangeable.
Science and technology are the primary productive forces
On May 18, 1980, China successfully launched its first launch vehicle into the Pacific Ocean.
On April 8, 1984, China successfully launched the experimental communication satellite Dongfanghong 2 for the first time. China has become the fifth country in the world to master the capability of satellite communication.
On February 20, 1985, the Great Wall Station, Chinas first Antarctic observatory, was built on King George Island, Antarctica. Since then, China has built Zhongshan Station, Kunlun Station and Taishan Station in Antarctica.
On September 5, 1988, when Deng Xiaoping met with foreign guests, he pointed out that Marx had said that science and technology are productive forces. Facts have proved that this statement is correct. In my opinion, science and technology are the first productive forces.
On October 16, 1988, the first high-energy accelerator in China, the Beijing Positron-Electron Collider, successfully collided.
On December 15, 1991, Qinshan Nuclear Power Station, the first self-designed and self-built nuclear power plant in China, was connected to the grid for power generation.
On November 8, 1997, the Yangtze River Three Gorges Project succeeded in closing the river; on July 4, 2012, the last 700,000 kilowatt mega-unit of the Three Gorges Project was officially put into operation.
On November 8, 2000, the expansion projects of Hongjiadu Hydropower Station, Yinzidu Hydropower Station and Wujiangdu Hydropower Station in Guizhou Province started at the same time, and Chinas west-to-east power transmission project started in an all-round way.
On June 29, 2001, the opening ceremony of the Qinghai-Tibet Railway was held simultaneously in Golmud, Qinghai, and Lhasa, Tibet. On July 1, 2006, the Qinghai-Tibet Railway was completed and opened to traffic.
On December 27, 2002, the commencement ceremony of the South-to-North Water Transfer Project was held simultaneously at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing and the construction sites in Jiangsu and Shandong provinces.
From October 15 to 16, 2003, Shenzhou V manned spacecraft successfully lifted off and returned safely. The first manned space flight was successful. China has become the third country in the world to master manned space technology independently.
At 6:23 on October 16, 2003, Shenzhou V manned spacecraft landed successfully.
On April 14, 2007, China successfully launched the first Beidou-2 navigation satellite, and officially began to build the second generation of satellite navigation system independently. On November 5, 2017, the first and second networked satellites of Beidou 3 were successfully launched in the way of one arrow and two satellites, marking the beginning of the global networking of Beidou Satellite Navigation System.
China successfully launched its first navigation and positioning satellite
On September 27, 2008, Shenzhou VII manned spacecraft carried out astronaut space extravehicular activities. China has become the third country in the world to independently master space technology.
On June 27, 2012, the Jiaolong manned submersible reached a maximum depth of 7062 meters. Chinas seabed manned scientific research and resource exploration capabilities have reached the international leading level.
On December 14, 2012, Change-3 landed in the Hongwan area of the Moon. The second strategic goal of Chinas lunar exploration project has been successfully accomplished, and it has become the third country in the world for soft landing and inspection of the moon.
On June 20, 2016, the first self-developed Shenwei Taihu Light with all domestic processors won the world championship. By the end of 2017, China had been the fastest supercomputer in the world for 10 consecutive times.
On September 25, 2016, the worlds largest single-aperture giant radio telescope, the 500-meter spherical radio telescope (FAST), with Chinas independent intellectual property rights, was launched in Pingtang, Guizhou Province.
On April 26, 2017, Chinas first self-designed aircraft carrier was launched from the dock.
On May 3, 2017, the worlds first single photon quantum computer was born in China.
On June 25, 2017, China Standard EMU was named Fuxing and put into operation on June 26. Chinas high-speed EMU technology has achieved full autonomy.
The Partys self-revolution provides powerful guarantee for reform
During the 40 years of reform and opening up, China has undoubtedly made remarkable achievements in economic and technological construction. Behind these visible and tangible achievements, the Partys self-revolution is of vital importance. In the long article of the Peoples Daily, eight senior leading cadres were named.
On August 29, 1997, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China decided to dismiss Chen Xitong, former member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee and Secretary of the Beijing Municipal Party Committee, and transfer his suspected crimes to the judicial organs for handling according to law.
On July 26, 2007, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China decided to dismiss Chen Liangyu, former member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee and Secretary of the Shanghai Municipal Party Committee, and transfer his suspected crimes to the judicial organs for handling according to law.
December 15, 2014? The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China decided to give Zhou Yongkang the expulsion of Party membership.
In addition to Zhou Yongkang, the article also concludes that Bo Xilai, Guo Boxiong, Xu Caihou, Sun Zhengcai and the planned serious violations of discipline and law can be seriously investigated and dealt with.
Zheng Zhizhi noticed that the current large-scale political commentary feature film The Only Way broadcast in CCTV prime time links the partys anti-corruption work with reform and opening up: The Partys self-revolution provides a strong guarantee for reform and opening up, and gives the people a satisfactory answer to the times.
In addition, the film reviews several important points of our partys anti-corruption work system and institutional construction:
In July 1969, the Central Supervisory Commission was abolished.
After the end of the Cultural Revolution, Deng Xiaoping and Chen Yun raised the issue of Party conduct successively, which was related to the life and death of the Party, and restarted the supervision within the Party to put it on the agenda.
In 1978, the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee decided to restore the Commission and elect Chen Yun as the first Secretary of the Commission.