China Youth Daily Ice Point Weekly recently reported that this screen may change fate, which aroused public concern about the school and Chengdu No. 7 Middle School Live Broadcast Class. Compared with the ups and downs of online voices, the school seems to be unaffected. A huge sign erected at the gate of the school bears the names of two students who took the exam in Tsinghua, Peking University this year. It shows the success of the live broadcasting class to the outside world.
In the 1980s, a Tsinghua University and a Peking University were tested. After that, there were no students from the whole Luquan County who were admitted to Peking University and Tsinghua University. Until this year, two students were admitted to the live broadcast class. Cao Yingfen, General Secretary of the Party branch of Luquan Ethnic Experimental Middle School, told Peng Mei News.
According to its introduction, Luquan County elects 480 junior high school graduates each year and enters eight live classes, which are offered alternately by Luquan No. 1 Middle School and National Experimental School. For example, the newly graduated students of the 2018 National Experimental Middle School, the 2019 Luquan No. 1 Middle School and the 2020 National Experimental School are like sitting in a village. In terms of teachers, four classes (two texts and two principles) are assigned by the two schools.
According to the data provided by Chengdu Education Bureau to Pengmei News, nearly 80,000 students from remote schools attend classes with Chengdu No. 7 Middle School every day. So, does running a live class increase the financial burden on schools and students? Is there any unfairness in the composition of students in live classes? Did the teachers of Chengdu No. 7 Middle School make the distant teachers an embarrassing assistant teacher? Is it the screen or the students themselves that changes the destiny of the students? Is the role of live education exaggerated?
At the entrance of No. 1 Middle School in Luquan County, two students were admitted by Tsinghua and Peking University.
1. How much does it cost to start a live broadcasting class?
According to Cao Yingfen, General Secretary of the Party branch of Luquan National Experimental Middle School, in 2007, the Information Department of Luquan County Education Bureau introduced the network live broadcast of Chengdu No. 7 Middle School, because it was a new thing. At that time, the Education Bureau did not vigorously advocate, so that the county No. 1 Middle School and the national experimental middle school tried. Others said that at the beginning, it was necessary to invest money. Because of the weak financial resources of the ethnic experimental middle school, it failed to be successfully introduced. At that time, more than 100,000 yuan was needed to invest in a class. Cao Yingfen said frankly that there was not so much money for a schools office in one year at that time.
Wu Fei, Deputy principal of Luquan No. 1 Middle School in charge of network-run schools, told Peng Mei News that at present, every live broadcasting class will pay 67,000 yuan per year to Chengdu No. 7 Middle School, including 60,000 yuan per year for liberal arts classes and 70,000 yuan per year for Science classes. This does not include equipment costs, which need not be borne by students, and is entirely financed by the government.
Pingguo Middle School, located in remote areas of Guangxi, introduced the live broadcast class of Chengdu No. 7 Middle School in 2015. Weixins official name Look at the Worlds Micro Magazine mentioned in a report on October 20 this year that docking a live broadcasting class, the standard fee per semester is 70,000 yuan. Chengdu Qizhong Oriental Wendao Network School discounted the school, 30,000 yuan per year. Of course, the cost of setting up live classes is not just these. Satellite signal reception equipment costs nearly 300,000 yuan, and two additional toilets and offices have been built. Huang Duyong, Deputy principal of Pingguo Middle School, said.
According to the Chinese Government Procurement Network, the No. 1 Middle School of Wenxian County in Gansu Province issued a bulletin on the purchase of full-time long-distance live teaching in Chengdu No. 7 Middle School in June this year. It mentioned that there were one class for arts and sciences, and the service fee for the first live broadcasting resources was 280,000 yuan in three years, including the fee for satellite equipment.
Yunnan Yongshan No. 2 Middle School in June 25 through the official Wechat broadcast class admission card, said that in order to find a successful way for students to learn, at all costs (300,000 yuan per year) jointly Chengdu No. 7 Middle School set up a live broadcast class, planned to recruit 80 students, one article and two classes.
According to a public procurement solicitation announcement published on the Internet by the Government Procurement Management Office of the Finance Bureau of Yichun City, Jiangxi Province in August this year, Yichun Experimental Middle School will open a full-time long-distance live teaching project of Chengdu No.7 Middle School. It intends to purchase live teaching satellite communication facilities and three-year operation and maintenance services. The budget amount is 205,000 yuan, and the cost will be borne by the government.
2. Who is eligible to attend live classes?
Pingguo Middle School introduced live broadcasting classes and eventually trained Zeng Kaihui, the science champion of Guangxi College Entrance Examination in 2018. Now, Zeng Kaihui has been admitted to Tsinghua University for more than three months. He has adapted to the cold winter in Beijing, but still can feel the gap with his classmates. They generally have the experience of going abroad, junior high school and senior high school are engaged in competitions, science and innovation. Zeng Kaihui was somewhat envious of this.
In the remote Pingguo County of Guangxi Province, Zeng Kaihui and his live classmates are the hope of the whole school. In order to retain high-quality students, Pingguo Middle School set up a junior middle school in 2011 to select the best group of students to form a small class in order to let these students enter our high school after graduation from junior middle school, according to the report of Look at the World Micro Magazine. The whole school on this live class, by the school junior middle school graduates selected 35 of the best results of the composition. Zeng Kaihui said.
As far as the high schools with surging news contacts are concerned, the students who can enter the live classes are all in the upper and middle reaches. In the admission card of Yongshan No. 2 Middle School, the slogan of the schools excellent class (i.e. live class) is: Give me an excellent student and give you a good one. The schools target of enrollment is outstanding junior high school graduates, in principle, not less than 500 points.
Ganluo No. 2 Middle School in Liangshan, Sichuan, introduced resources from Chengdu No. 7 Middle School in 2012. At present, there are two live classes in each grade. All the students came in through the sub-class examination, considering that the students with poor foundation can not keep up with the teaching speed of Chengdu No. 7 Middle School. A teacher in the school confessed.
As an ordinary high school in Sichuan Province, the source of students in Qionglai No. 2 Middle School is not good. Most of the students enrolled are left over by the local key high schools. Even so, all the students who can enter the schools live classes are in the front row, and the score of the entrance examination can generally reach more than 500 points. Compared with Chengdu No. 7 Middle School studentsgeneral achievement of more than 600, the gap is huge. If you want to keep up with the teaching progress of Chengdu No. 7 Middle School, you will get good grades and high rankings. A teacher in charge of enrollment in Qionglai No. 2 Middle School told Pengyang News.
According to Cao Yingfen, through years of exploration in Luquan No. 1 Middle School, starting in 2015, the County Education Bureau led the integration of high-quality educational resources, enrolling 480 students in live classes every year, and teaching by Luquan No. 1 Middle School and National Experimental School alternately. Cao Yingfen said that in addition to the top 250 students who are qualified to study in Kunming every year, Luquan County enrolls 480 students from the remaining high school entrance examinees according to their high to low school entrance examination results.
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3. How do students charge for live classes?
Will the high cost of live classes lead to higher tuition fees and higher threshold for students to study?
According to the above-mentioned teachers of Qionglai No. 2 Middle School, there are also students in the schools live broadcasting class who are poor in family but exceptionally good in performance. At present, the state subsidies and grants are relatively high, and the tuition fees of live classes are the same as those of ordinary classes every semester, 280 books, plus some other fees, a total of less than 1000 yuan.
Zeng Kaihuis Pingguo Middle School pays an average of 30,000 yuan per year for live service. Every student has to pay more than 1,000 yuan for tuition, which is almost equal to the tuition fees paid by ordinary class students. The teacher of Ganluo No. 2 Middle School also emphasized to the surging news that the tuition fee of live classes is reasonable, only a little higher than that of ordinary classes.
In order to attract high-quality students, some schools offer tuition exemptions and heavy rewards to the enrolled students. In the admission card, Yongshan No. 2 Middle School promised that in 2018, the top 300 outstanding students in the countys middle school entrance exam would receive government awards ranging from 3000 yuan to 12000 yuan according to their ranks. The school reduced all the tuition and accommodation fees of the above students in the high school stage, and provided bedding and other daily necessities free of charge.
But students also have to pay extra costs than tuition fees. Last year, Sichuan Renshou Xinke High School opened a network experimental class (i.e. live class), which clearly stated in the enrollment brochure that students need to buy a tablet computer.
A teacher in Luquan No. 1 Middle School told Peng Mei News that the live class needed intelligent operation. The students answered the questions through tablet computers or uploaded the photos after the answers in the homework books. The teachers also needed tablet computers to correct the homework. A tablet computer is purchased by oneself. It costs about 2,000 yuan for students and about 2,500 yuan for teachers.
Luquan County is a poverty-stricken county at the national level, which belongs to the key area of poverty alleviation. According to Cao Yingfen, since 2015, Luquan County has implemented a three-year tuition exemption policy for senior high schools, which is subsidized by the government. Each student receives a subsidy of 1200 yuan per semester.
According to the government work report of Luquan County in 2018, Luquan County has set up an education poverty alleviation fund of 32 million yuan, implemented the policy of three exemptions and one subsidy for rural high school students in the county, and achieved 12 years of free education in 2017.
Cao Yingfen said that the current network live broadcaster is 30,000 yuan one high-definition machine, funded by the government. To the schools embarrassment, it is obviously inappropriate for the parents of the students to invest the funds. The parents of the students can not afford such a high cost. If it is financed by the government, the outside world will question that this is unfair education, the money is enjoyed by the 480 students, the rest of the students can not enjoy, anyway, it is difficult. Cao Yingfen sighed.
4. How does Chengdu No. 7 Middle School communicate with distant schools?
Teachers of No. 7 Middle School are in charge of teaching design, and Oriental Wendao School is in charge of operation. Zhang Dong (a pseudonym) who participated in the live teaching of Chengdu No. 7 Middle School introduced to Pengfeng News. On the specific operational level, the teacher provided the teaching plan, homework and test questions to the online school staff in advance. The online school staff was responsible for editing and beautifying the above teaching materials and submitting them to the 7th Middle School teachers for confirmation. After confirmation, the online school staff distributed the above materials to the remote teachers one week in advance. The distant teacher cooperates with the teaching plan in advance.
Before teaching, distant teachers will hold online teaching seminars with teachers of No. 7 Middle School. In the process of teaching, the teachers of No. 7 Middle School are responsible for teaching, and the staff of the network school are responsible for broadcasting. The office and studio of the network school are located in the campus of No. 7 Middle School.
Zhang Dong disclosed that the online school would also pay salaries to the teachers who participated in the live broadcast of No. 7 Middle School, the amount of which was determined by the class hours and varied from thousands of yuan per month. In addition, the Online School Association invites teachers to give lectures in distant schools, which will also pay 500 to 1000 yuan each time. Every December, the Seventh Middle School of Chengdu holds an educational seminar. Every year, online schools strongly support the co-sponsorship, including personnel invitation and fund.
Every semester, there will be 5-8 representatives of students from distant schools in each semester to exchange study for a week and experience the teaching environment of No. 7 Middle School. Teachers of No. 7 Middle School will visit several distant schools from time to time to exchange questions with distant teachers and students. In daily situations, distant teachers and teachers of No. 7 Middle School maintain close communication through online school staff.
5. Can remote schools adapt to the teaching of Chengdu No. 7 Middle School?
Some people think that as a city famous school which has the advantage in choosing students, its teaching requirements and methods are not suitable for ordinary schools in remote areas. In this regard, a teacher in Chengdu No. 7 Middle School told Peng Mei News that although the educational methods of Chengdu No. 7 Middle School are mainly aimed at the students of the school, the ideas behind the methods are widely applicable. As far as teaching methods are concerned, the distant end can adapt quickly after in-depth communication with the Ministry. The teacher said.
The level of teachers in Chengdu No. 7 Middle School will indeed be higher than those in our county. They have more abundant forms of classes, more thorough knowledge points and more humorous language. Zeng Kaihui told Peng Mei News, but the gap will not be too big. (County Teacher) is mainly a sluggish lecture, because to take into account that everyone in the class can keep up with me, it may be too slow for me to speak, and the seventh middle school teachers speed is very suitable for me. Zeng Kaihui said that the specific situation varies from person to person. For example, there were 35 people in his live broadcasting class. By the third year of senior high school, there were only 30 people left. Others could not keep up and quit.
Therefore, in Zeng Kaihuis view, live education is only useful to a small number of people. If there is a live course for ordinary students that is not so fast and knowledgeable in the future, it would be better to follow your teacher. Zeng Kaihui said that teachers can interact with students in real time, mediate the progress according to the class situation, and the content is more suitable for students in the class, rather than forcing students to adapt to the speed of live broadcasting.
Chen Mingyuan, a sophomore of Luquan Ethnic Experimental Middle School, said that at the beginning of his freshman year, he was not adapted, just like watching TV. Faced with the whiteboard, there was a lot of content in the classroom, and the knowledge was updated quickly, so he passed away without paying any attention.
Wang Yilin, one of his classmates, said that the questions in Chengdu No. 7 Middle School were rather difficult. At the beginning, the English lessons in Chengdu No. 7 Middle School were all in English. Teachers asked questions live at the same time. The students answered in English, At the beginning, we didnt understand it. If we didnt preview before class, we couldnt catch up with it at all. Now they are also taking care of us. English lessons will use Chinese.
This situation gave birth to studentsworship of Chengdu No. 7 Middle School in Luquan County. Wang Yilin said that, like worshipping the hegemony, they privately pay more attention to several special classmates in Chengdu No. 7 Middle School. They feel too strong and understand too much.
Wang Yilin also admitted that at first, because there were no questions in class, he could only watch the live broadcast, write down some questions, ask questions to the teacher after class, shake confidence in private, feel too hard to adjust the class, but finally he insisted.
Wang Yilins head teacher, Wei Xiumei, told Peng Mei News that three students in her class had voluntarily transferred to regular classes from grade one up to now. Two of them felt that they could not keep up with the curriculum requirements to adjust their classes. After the first year of senior high school, we can adapt to it. By the first semester of senior high school, we will be much better. Wei Xiumei said.
The quality and effectiveness of online classes depend largely on the cooperation and efforts of remote teachers, because the courses transmitted to remote schools are the same, but there are many differences among remote schools. How to teach online live courses by local teachers is a big problem. Zhang Dong went to Dazhou last year to communicate with distant teachers and students. Distant teachers have always stressed to him that local students are not motivated to learn actively, so they can not adopt the same laissez-faire education method as the seventh middle school, but should be strictly disciplined.
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6. Are distant teachers only assistants of front-end teachers?
At the end of 2017, Chen Heng, a teacher of Guangyuan 821 Middle School in Sichuan Province, published a paper in New Curriculum Middle School. He talked about the 14 yearsexperience of setting up live classes in the school.
Live classes are all taught by the teachers in No. 7 Middle School, leaving at most two minutes to be handled by the distant teachers themselves. Over time, some teachers developed job burnout. They dont prepare lessons at all before class, so they wait for the teacher of No. 7 Middle School to talk about them. They dont want to drill deeply after class and give the students the answers directly. Occasionally a class blackout or disconnection, or even busy. Chen Heng lamented that he should have been the best subject teacher. Over time, he did not come to class and lost the most basic thing as a teacher.
Chen Xiangguo, a teacher of Huidong County and Wenzhong Middle School in Sichuan Province, said in a paper in 2016 that his school had joined the live broadcast class of Chengdu No. 7 Middle School for nine years at that time. Students think that the front-end teachers of Chengdu No. 7 Middle School are the real teachers. And the distant teacher who gets along with the students day and night is just an order defender, front-end assistant and assistant. Chen Xiangguo believes that distant teachers do not have their own teaching time and authority, and can not carry out emotional edification.
China Youth Daily reported that when introducing live classes into some schools, teachers tore up books to protest, some teachers feel despised, so they react negatively.
But theres another side to it. Teachers have higher horizons. Ganluo Middle School, the above-mentioned teachers told Peng Mei News, through the seven middle school teachersclass demonstration, as long as they do not idle, teachers will make great progress, after all, the platform is different.
After setting up live classes six years ago in Sichuan Qionglai No. 2 Middle School, the workload of teachers in our school has not decreased at all, but increased a lot. A teacher in the school introduced that the teacher of our school also stood by to listen to the live broadcast in class, or did some counseling and answering questions in the spare time. After class, he had to do a lot of things, including explaining the questions that he did not understand to the students, correcting the homework from Chengdu No. 7 Middle School, and preparing lessons in advance when he got the courseware from Chengdu No. 7 Middle School.
The teacher said that the school teachers with live classes, subtly also affected, will continue to learn, improve teaching methods. Live classes in our school are all young and middle-aged teachers. First, they should have experience. Second, they should be familiar with computer operation and accept new things quickly.
Zhang Dong, a teacher of Chengdu No. 7 Middle School, believes that education has two levels: one is teaching, the other is education. Live classroom can only transmit the part of teaching to the distance at most, and the part of education still exists in the daily interaction between teachers and students, which still needs to be completed by remote teachers.
Chengdu No. 7 Middle School also has classes on Saturdays in Senior Three. It is impossible for us to stop classes and keep up with their rhythm. The 2018th live broadcasting class I brought with me can be said to take only one day off a month, which is no exaggeration at all. Cao Yingfen said that from personal experience, the workload of teachers in live classes is more than twice that of ordinary classes. Comparing only the class time, the three-year online class in senior high school has three months more time than the regular class.
For live classes, Cao Yingfen said that at first some teachers did not understand them, but they were basically acceptable after dispatching work, because there was a shortage of teachers, and the teachers in live classes would also be part-time teachers in ordinary classes.
7. Can screen change destiny?
Wang Hongjie, head of Chengdu Qizhong Oriental Wendao Online School, who runs live broadcasting classes, told China Youth Daily that in the past 16 years, 72,000 students have followed Chengdu No. 7 Middle School through three years of high school, 88 of them have been admitted to Qingbei, and most of them have successfully taken undergraduate courses.
Some experts questioned whether this was due to online education or to the implementation of the national poverty alleviation oriented enrollment plan. Is it the success of online education or exam-oriented education? These questions remain.
A student who graduated from a live broadcasting class of a rural school in Bazhong, Sichuan, said that the examination questions and teachers instruction of Chengdu No. 7 Middle School played a very important role in the entrance examination of online students in poor areas to universities. The teachers and students of Chengdu No. 7 Middle School let us know the charm of the big city and the changeability of the outside world. Thank you very much.
The students in No. 7 Middle School are very strong. Compared with them, we are really good at cooking. However, the gap has been narrowing in three years. Although it is impossible to reach a level, it is too small. A student who graduated from Yunnan Luquan No. 1 Middle School and is now studying at Yunnan University said that the live classes have helped them a lot. For example, English classes are taught by foreign teachers in full English. At first, people are not adapted, but after getting used to it, listening test will become easier.
Some students believe that screen has changed their destiny. But according to the teacher of Chengdu No. 7 Middle School, Changing the distant students is not only the screen, but also the hope on the other side of the screen. Every student has a fire for knowledge in his heart. What he can do in No. 7 Middle School is to make it shine as much as possible. Online school not only improves the performance of distant students, but also opens a window of communication and progress for distant and local teachers. More importantly, it enables some students who are confused in the distant part to find a direction. A teacher in Chengdu No. 7 Middle School who participated in live teaching said.
It can be said that in 1982 or 1983, a Peking University and a Tsinghua University were tested in 1988. After these two examinations, the whole Luquan County did not appear to take the examination of the University of North China. The latest is two of the 2018 online classes. Cao Yingfen said here with pride, saying that just as scientists at the national level look forward to the Nobel Prize, their bottom educators look forward to having their students admitted to Peking University and Tsinghua every year.
Wu Fei, Deputy principal of Luquan No. 1 Middle School, said that two students admitted by Peking University and Tsinghua in 2018 were included in the special national plan for poverty-stricken areas in 2018. The students enrolled by Tsinghua University were at the middle level of 480 people enrolled in the University at that time. Cao Yingfen introduced that, like Class 2 of the 2018th Internet Class, the total average score of the final exam of Senior Three was 150 points higher than that of the best ordinary class. In fact, the total average score was not so high when the first year of Senior One was admitted.
8. Is the role of live education exaggerated?
The poor and backward areas have limited conditions for running schools and teachers. It is worth advocating to make use of the advantages of network technology to share high-quality educational resources with students in poor areas. Kui Yifan, Dean of Tian Jiabing College of Education, Zhejiang Normal University, told Peng Mei News.
But in his view, education should also include cultural influence, and culture should have a sense of live, and live education has limited role in this regard. It is indispensable for children to communicate face to face with excellent teachers who have both ability and virtue. Kui Yifan believes that ultimately all teachers should improve their professional level and love education and studentsmoral personality. All teachers have reached a high level of both ability and morality, and there is no imbalance in educational resources. According to Kui Yifan, live education provides some students with the opportunity to enjoy high-quality educational resources, but it can not completely solve the imbalance of educational resources.
Live courses allow more students to enjoy quality education, which is a good starting point, and from the point of view of the reports, it does improve student performance. National Education Advisory Committee member Tan Songhua said that live education could be explored within a certain range.
Like Kui Yifan, Tan Songhua believes that attention should be paid to the use of high-quality educational resources to train teachers in poor areas, thereby affecting students. If there is no improvement in the level of teachers, only relying on students to receive high-quality education resources directly, may ultimately only be useful to some students with better academic performance and better foundation, but will not have a large impact. ?
It is a gimmick for many domestic middle schools to train college students in North China through the pooling of resources, but the pooling of resources is not worth advocating. Yu Shengquan, deputy dean of the School of Education of Beijing Normal University, said in an interview with Peng Mei News that the company operation coordinates the export and acceptance schools in the system, which is the most meaningful innovation point, but the problem of education imbalance is very complex. This kind of pooling resources to some students does not actually change the educational imbalance, or will cause another one. The species is unbalanced.
Training only the best part of the students is not a way to solve the problem of educational balance, but to enter the school nearby and to train all the students in the area. This is educational balance. In Yu Shengquans view, if we really want to achieve education balance and equity, we should return to the governments balanced running of schools.
Yu Shengquan said that the key to the true application of information technology in teaching in the future is not live broadcast, but to use technology as a cognitive tool to train students to construct knowledge system and transform knowledge so that they can understand the discipline in this field, not only to acquire knowledge, but also to experience the process of acquiring knowledge. In this process, to understand the necessary knowledge and form core literacy.
Of course, we can not deny the benefits oflive classes, but the exaggerated effect that has not been mentioned, let alone solve the problem of unbalanced education. Yu Shengquan said that live education can only be a useful supplement to traditional education, but it can not replace traditional education or become the mainstream form of education. Because people cant learn knowledge optically, as well as ability and accomplishment, these are the important contents of education.
Source: Peng Mei News Responsible Editor: Han Jiapeng_NN9841