The United States used to block the brand just like ZTE, but the Chinese market saved it.

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 The United States used to block the brand just like ZTE, but the Chinese market saved it.


But looking back at this series of events, people who are familiar with the Japanese economy should be familiar with it. 30 years ago, in 1988, the United States adopted similar sanctions against Japans Toshiba. Later, the United States imposed sanctions against the Toshiba Co to prohibit Toshiba from entering the US market for 3 years. This is the famous Toshiba incident. According to the Hongkong economic daily, the ZTE incident in the Sino US trade dispute is very similar to the Toshiba incident. The report points out that the similarity is three. 1, the excuse of sanctions is similar. Both ZTE and Toshiba were directed at the US export equipment for the embargo (ZTE was directed to Irans exports, and Toshiba was directed to the Soviet Unions exports). 3, the status of the United States was challenged in the historical period. At that time, Toshiba was ahead of the US in terms of machine tools. Now ZTE is considered to be a threat to US companies in 5G technology. According to the report, it seems that the true reasons behind the sanctions against ZTE must be not only for the trade negotiations between the United States and the United States, to increase us hand - chips and pressure on China, so as to achieve greater economic benefits. Political and economic observers pointed out that if the United States really determined that ZTE was in a hurry to catch up with the United States in the 5G technology field, the United States seemed to be more inclined to dry ZTE, to avoid suffering, to prevent China from mastering high-end communications technology and to threaten the United States economically and militarily. Historical events are not simply duplicated. Sometimes they are very similar, but they are only similar. The United States blocked ZTE with the Toshiba incident routine, but not now. We revisit the same year and discriminate the similarities and differences. The purpose is to make Shi Jian know today. The historical data of the year found that in 1980s, the two largest economies in the world were the United States and Japan, and the time node of the Toshiba incident was just the sharp confrontation between the US and Japan around the semiconductor, the development of agricultural products market and the transfer of military technology. In particular, semiconductor, optical fiber, intelligent machinery and other fields, Japan has surpassed the United States in the field of high technology. At the same time, although Japan still relied heavily on the United States at that time, great changes have taken place in Japan US economic relations. At that time, Japan became the worlds largest creditor country. What is more embarrassing to the United States is that the US trade deficit with Japan has reached 47 billion 200 million US dollars between January 1987 and November, an increase of 1.2% over the same period of the previous year. The United States is very annoyed at Japans failure to take effective measures to reduce its huge trade deficit. If our major trading partners do not take the necessary measures to adjust the economic structure, Reagan told Japanese reporters at the time of the Sino Japanese trade frictions, then my efforts to resist the pressure of protectionism will go to the East. The Toshiba incident broke out in the context of the increasingly fierce trade frictions between Japan and the United States. At the beginning of 1986, the Central Intelligence Agency intervened in the investigation and collected evidence in succession. In January 1987, it formally communicated to the representatives of 15 member states of Batumi. In March 1987, the incident gradually attracted the attention of members of the United States Congress, and through the media coverage, Toshiba incident gradually emerged. The US public opinion is in an uproar, demanding that Toshiba Co be severely punished. In June 30th, 5 U.S. congressmen, headed by Duncan Hunt, stood on the steps of the American Capitol Hill, faced television cameras, smashed a Toshiba radio with a hammer, and banned the import of Toshiba products. In 1987, American politicians smashed Toshiba products and protested against the companys violation of the ban on doing business with the Soviet Union. (Hongkong Economic Daily website) The Toshiba incident was suddenly pushed to the top of the public opinion. And on the same day, the US Senate passed the Senate version of the trade bill by 92:5, which required the ban on Toshiba machinery and its parent company Toshiba Co to export to the United States within 2-5 years. But after all, under the background of the cold war, the United States and Japan attached great importance to each others allies. After much operation, 10 months later, the attitude of the US government was softened. In April 1988, President Reagan signed a final decision: the US banned (subsidiary) Toshiba machinery exports to the United States within 3 years and the holding Toshiba Co forbid selling products to the US government in 3 years. In fact, the US government can still buy products made by Toshiba Co, as long as the brand is not Toshiba. Through the Toshiba incident pressure on the Japanese government, the United States obtained some Toshiba technology in the military industry, for the two sides to cooperate in the development of new fighters. Toshibas ban is only Toshiba products banned from the US market, and its chips, nuclear power and other core businesses have not been affected. It was in the 80s of last century that Toshiba began to export refrigerators to the Chinese market (the annual export volume of about 300 thousand sets) and color TV based household appliances. In 2001, Toshiba joint venture with Chinese enterprises to produce refrigerators in China, which opened the curtain for Toshiba brand appliances to enter the Chinese market on a large scale. By the end of 2002, Toshiba had set up 31 joint ventures and sole proprietorships in China, including 8 enterprises in China in 2002. I am afraid many Chinese people still have the phrase Toshiba, Toshiba, Toshiba in the new era. The advertisement lyrics keep the memory. Unlike the ban on Toshiba, the U. S. commerce departments export ban on ZTE prohibits any US business from selling to ZTE, providing any spare parts, goods, software and technology. In addition to the possible reduction in ZTE sales, ZTE will not be able to use Google (1030.05, -9.99, -0.96%) Android operating system in its devices. The ban has hurt Zhongxing one thousand, but the US itself has also lost eight hundred. After the announcement of sanctions in the US, shares of major suppliers of ZTE fell sharply overnight. Among them, ZTEs purchase volume accounted for 30% of its Acacia shipments, and its share price fell by 35.97%. At the same time, unlike Japan in those days, the independence and equality of Sino US relations are much stronger than that of US Japan relations. In response to the sanction of the United States, the Ministry of Commerce of China, 17, immediately responded: the Ministry of Commerce will pay close attention to the progress of the situation and be ready to take the necessary measures to safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of Chinese enterprises. On the 19 day and the two time, he said, I hope the US will not be wise, or else it will only take its own fruit. It can be said that the Chinese market saved Toshiba, and ZTE could also rely on the Chinese market to save it. However, from a realistic point of view, knowing the difficulties and strengthening ourselves! Faced with the pursuit of interception and blockade, we must understand that core technology depends on buying and renting. Industry insiders pointed out that ZTEs ban orders on one side of the United States anxiety for China towards high-end manufacturing, on the other hand, also warns us to face the gap between the short board and the high-tech field. The United States imposed sanctions on ZTE, which has caused such great repercussions and concerns at home, which is fundamentally caused by the big enough not strong enough in our semiconductor industry. This article source: Reference News Net editor: Xu Meng _NN7485 At the same time, unlike Japan in those days, the independence and equality of Sino US relations are much stronger than that of US Japan relations. In response to the sanction of the United States, the Ministry of Commerce of China, 17, immediately responded: the Ministry of Commerce will pay close attention to the progress of the situation and be ready to take the necessary measures to safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of Chinese enterprises. On the 19 day and the two time, he said, I hope the US will not be wise, or else it will only take its own fruit. It can be said that the Chinese market saved Toshiba, and ZTE could also rely on the Chinese market to save it. However, from a realistic point of view, knowing the difficulties and strengthening ourselves! Faced with the pursuit of interception and blockade, we must understand that core technology depends on buying and renting. Industry insiders pointed out that ZTEs ban orders on one side of the United States anxiety for China towards high-end manufacturing, on the other hand, also warns us to face the gap between the short board and the high-tech field. The United States imposed sanctions on ZTE, which has caused such great repercussions and concerns at home, which is fundamentally caused by the big enough not strong enough in our semiconductor industry.