Huang Majia and the political forces behind him hope to promote the Macron compromise
The so-called yellow waistcoat movement refers to the people who wear yellow waistcoat uniformly and demonstrate on the street because the Marklong government announced on November 18 that it planned to raise the diesel carbon tax again from January 1, 2019. Yellow vest is the dress worn by ordinary citizens of French cities to avoid traffic accidents in the morning and evening rush hours, representing grass-roots and low-income people.
Under the influence of various factors, such as the promotion of various parties and the increasing proportion of radical participants, the yellow vest movement, originally a peaceful demonstration, turned into street violence at the end of November. Under pressure, Macron made two limited compromises on Dec. 4 and 5, including suspending carbon tax hikes for 1 year, freezing electricity and gas costs by May 2019.
But the yellow vest and its supporters (including the left, the deep left and the deep right) are reluctant and continue to fight in the streets. They not only continue to shout the political slogan of Mark Longs resignation, but also raise salaries for the disabled, the middle class and the unemployed, cut the salaries of ministers and parliamentarians, and give homelessness. Returnees increased subsidies, apologized for police violence and punished those responsible, and restored the controversial luxury tax cancelled by the Macron government.
In this case, Mark Long forecasted the speech in advance, and the yellow vest and the political forces behind it longed for Mark Longs strategic and fundamental concessions: restoring luxury taxes, increasing social welfare, and clearly abandoning the pension and unemployment insurance reforms he had been trying to promote, just like General de Gaulle, the former president, in 1968. The famous four-minute speech made on May 30, 2000 to calm down the May Storm was like that.
Some politicians who hide behind the yellow vest believe that once Marklong takes such a big step backwards, he will be unreal and full of flaws, and will probably be bombarded out of office in advance under repeated victories and pursuits.
On December 10, 2018, French President Mark Long delivered a national television address at the Elysee Palace. Photo Source: Visual China
Macron took a small step
On Dec. 10, Marklong spoke for almost four hours and made some concessions, including an increase of 100 a month for employees without employers responsibility, tax exemption for all-year overtime in 2019, the cancellation of the planned rise in the Social Assessment Fund (CSG) for retirees earning less than 2,000, and the recommendation that employers pay year-end bonuses. The government does not levy extra taxes.
Some analysts point out that these seemingly generous concessions are not as beautiful as they seem: wage plans and budgets have already been made, but the original plan is to increase by 70 euros in five years (automatically 20 euros on January 1, 2019, 30 euros in April and 20 euros in October 2020). Now the time is shortened and the increase is slightly increased; the three measures of tax exemption for overtime and year-end bonus encouragement are only sugar spraying with limited scope, and a considerable part of them are still to be shared by employers. More importantly, year-end bonuses and overtime pay are excluded from formal salaries and will suffer a lot in the future when calculating retirement benefits. The Minister of administration and public expenditure, Dusopot, said the concessions combined would increase government spending by 8 to 10 billion euros.
Obviously, Mark Long, contrary to his previous toughness, tried to be kind and humble, but his concessions were at best sesame rather than yellow vest and the watermelon expected by the political forces behind him, such as luxury tax, substantial increase in social welfare expenditure and a commitment to freeze all kinds of social expenditures aimed at reducing social spending. The reform and so on. This is still the old way of taking retreat as an advance and defending as an attack, just like the phrase yes, however (ouimais) in the French social convention known as implicit and elegant norms. It sounds like consent. In fact, it just implicitly says no. Thats all.
Moreover, at the beginning of his long speech, Marklong continued to lash out at the yellow vest for its intolerable destruction of social order and declared France a state of social and economic emergency. He continued to promise that no taxes will be levied on large enterprises and said that more thorough discussions would be held on a series of welfare and social reforms.
Obviously, he will continue to say ouimais, but will not easily change his direction.
The overwhelming majority of the French support the Macron Speech
After Mark Longs speech, the Yellow Majia and the political forces behind it, such as the left, the deep left and the deep right, generally expressed their dissatisfaction, but whether they still stick to the end or even go to the streets on Saturdays advocated by the leader of the deep left, such as Mei Langxiong, differed.
Other political leaders, such as Dupont-Enyon, who supported the yellow vest, continued to criticize Marklongs speech as totally against the will of the people, but hesitated and wavered about whether to continue encouraging the yellow vest to go to the streets.
With the exhaustion of the yellow waistcoat in the streets, the grass roots with large numbers and wide sympathy have gradually been replaced by fewer, energetic but destructive professional Street activists. The attitude of French society towards them has also shifted quietly. The latest Way-LCI poll just released on December 11 shows that the overwhelming majority of French respondents support the Macron Speech and hope that the proportion of yellow waistcoat has quickly climbed to 54%.
Frances public finances are not ideal, otherwise Marklong and many of his predecessors would not want to promote social reform. If satisfied with all the menus of the yellow vest, France is bound to be in debt and the economic and investment environment will deteriorate, which is what Marklong and many French, especially the business and middle class, do not want to see.
If Macrons yes, however succeeds in helping him stabilize the overall situation, the turbulent French political and social situation is clearly expected to get a breather.
Source of this article: Author of New Beijing News: Editor-in-Charge of Tao Shoufang: Jike_b6492