US released 2018 Special 301 report Chinas re-entry priority list

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 US released 2018 Special 301 report Chinas re-entry priority list


In the last 30 years, the Special 301 report plays an important role in Sino US economic and trade exchanges. The Sino US intellectual property negotiations around the report are the important battlefields of the two countries. When the relations between the two sides are cold, the United States has become an important chip of pressure on China. Map source: Orient IC The office of the United States trade representative issues an annual Special 301 report on the status quo of intellectual property protection in the world. This years report is deliberated on the status of intellectual property protection and the implementation of relevant laws and regulations for 73 United States trading partners, which results in the inclusion of the priority list and the watch list of 36 countries, including China. In this report, China is the first to be the top priority list. In addition, 11 countries, such as Canada, Algeria, Argentina, Chile, Columbia, India, Indonesia, Kuwait, Russia, Ukraine and Venezuela, are also focusing on the list of names. Among them, Canada and Columbia were listed as priority list from the observation list this year. Thailand is from the priority list and upgrade as the watch list. A total of 24 countries including Mexico, Vietnam, Pakistan and Egypt were included in the watch list. Priority watch list report screenshot The issue of intellectual property rights in these countries will be the theme of close cooperation between the two sides next year, the office of the United States trade representative said. The report claims that Chinas long-term problems in protecting intellectual property have not been solved, and there are new issues to be paid attention to, including compulsory technology transfer, intellectual property law enforcement and large scope infringement activities, including stealing commercial secrets, rampant online piracy and counterfeiting. U.S. trade representative Wright F Ze (RobertLighthizer) said in a statement that the United States to send a clear signal to trading partners that the protection of American intellectual property is the first task of the presidents Trump administration. US trade representative Wright F Ze (source: Orient IC) With regard to compulsory technology transfer, the report says that when a company shows the development of specific intellectual property rights or transfer property patents to China, and even some specific cases are exclusive authorization to China for these intellectual property rights, market access, government procurement and certain special preferences or benefits can be obtained. The office of the United States trade representative also said that the 301 survey report of China in March this year found that Chinas practices and policies are unreasonable or discriminatory, causing a burden or restriction on American business activities. The report said the United States urged China to refrain from coercive technology transfer or coercive policy in the formulation of policies to promote innovation, and to consider the importance of voluntary commercial partnership between the two parties. The report also said that China and India are the main sources of counterfeit drugs worldwide. Although the US side does not have exact figures, there are studies showing that up to 20% of the drugs sold in the India market are counterfeit drugs, which can pose a serious threat to the health and safety of the patients. The report said that although China has made some progress in the enforcement of pirated discs, the United States still does not think it is enough. As last year, the US government estimates that intellectual property intensive industries, directly and indirectly create 45 million 500 thousand jobs in the United States, accounting for about 30% of the total employment in the United States. US trade representative lettash and other senior officials will visit China next week to talk to Chinese officials on the issue that the United States is asking China to change its trade and intellectual property policies. In 1988, the United States Congress formally adopted the act of trade and competition, which was the first time in history to associate international trade and intellectual property protection, and the effective measures to punish violating intellectual property rights were punitive trade retaliation. In May 25, 1989, the United States advanced the internationalization of intellectual property protection, and its trade representative office (USTR) issued an annual report on the protection of intellectual property rights in foreign countries unilaterally after the investigation, Special 301 report (Special301Report). From 1989 to 2018, the United States has released nearly 30 reports. At a regular press conference in March 23rd, foreign ministry spokesman Hua Chunying said the United States must understand that the United States is the worlds world innovation power, but it does not mean that innovation and intellectual property can only be the patent of the American family. Hua Chunying stressed that Chinas innovation achievement is not stealing, two not relying on grabbing, but more than 1 billion 300 million Chinese peoples struggle by wisdom and sweat. We hope the US side will have a clear understanding of it. The US side can be worried about the development and progress of Chinas science and technology, but it is often unwarranted to blame and make use of it. This is not the measure that the worlds first power should be and the Chinese side can not accept. Source: observer Web Editor: Qiao Jing _NN6607 In 1988, the United States Congress formally adopted the act of trade and competition, which was the first time in history to associate international trade and intellectual property protection, and the effective measures to punish violating intellectual property rights were punitive trade retaliation. In May 25, 1989, the United States advanced the internationalization of intellectual property protection, and its trade representative office (USTR) issued an annual report on the protection of intellectual property rights in foreign countries unilaterally after the investigation, Special 301 report (Special301Report). From 1989 to 2018, the United States has released nearly 30 reports. At a regular press conference in March 23rd, foreign ministry spokesman Hua Chunying said the United States must understand that the United States is the worlds world innovation power, but it does not mean that innovation and intellectual property can only be the patent of the American family. Hua Chunying stressed that Chinas innovation achievement is not stealing, two not relying on grabbing, but more than 1 billion 300 million Chinese peoples struggle by wisdom and sweat. We hope the US side will have a clear understanding of it. The US side can be worried about the development and progress of Chinas science and technology, but it is often unwarranted to blame and make use of it. This is not the measure that the worlds first power should be and the Chinese side can not accept.